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Germany

Introduction
 

Situated at the heart of Europe, the Federal Republic of Germany stands as a cosmopolitan, democratic nation, boasting a rich historical legacy alongside a vibrant contemporary society.

Located in Central Europe, Germany borders Denmark in the north, Poland and the Czech Republic in the east, Austria and Switzerland in the South, and France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands in the west.

It has a total land area of 357,022 square kilometers (137,847 square miles).

  • Possibilities of Return
    Navigating the complexities of living abroad, particularly in Japan, involves understanding the avenues of repatriation and deportation available to Indian migrants. Here’s a detailed look at what these terms entail and the support mechanisms provided by the Indian government through its embassy in Tokyo. 1. Repatriation: Repatriation, facilitated by the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), involves the process of returning individuals to their home country due to various circumstances. The MEA offers guidance on when and how repatriation can be sought, highlighting instances where costs are borne by the employer. This includes scenarios such as completing or terminating an employment contract or in unfortunate cases of death, where the employer covers repatriation expenses and settlement of dues to the deceased's family. For further information on repatriation procedures, visit MEA's official guidance. In instances where Indian migrant workers and their families no longer meet legal residence conditions in Japan, the Embassy of India collaborates with Japanese authorities to facilitate their smooth return to India, including the issuance of temporary passports. 2. Deportation: Contrarily, deportation occurs when a foreign national violates immigration laws in their host country, leading to expulsion by local authorities. While the Indian embassy may not prevent deportation for immigration violations, it can intervene in cases where the migrant feels unfairly targeted or claims innocence. The embassy can advocate on behalf of the individual with local immigration authorities to address concerns and ensure fair treatment.
  • Rights of a Migrant Worker
    Migrant workers in Japan are afforded legal protections under various labour laws aimed at ensuring fair treatment and safe working conditions. These rights include equal treatment regardless of nationality, protection from forced labour and safeguards against discrimination. 1. Labour Standards Act 2. Labour Contracts Act 3. Minimun Wage Act 2. Industrial Safety and Health Act
  • Climate
    Japan boasts a predominantly temperate climate, distinguished by four distinct seasons that vary significantly between its northern and southern regions. Northern Japan witnesses prolonged, harsh winters and relatively cool summers, while Central Japan experiences brief, chilly winters and cool, humid summers.
  • Resources by the Indian Government for Migrants
    1) e-Migrate To regulate overseas employment, particularly to protect less educated blue-collar workers, the Emigration Check Required (ECR) process is managed through a unique computerised system known as ‘e-Migrate’. This system harmonises all parties involved in the emigration process, facilitating efficient collaboration among stakeholders. 2) MADAD Operated by the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), the MADAD portal serves as a platform to assist and resolve various consular and diaspora-related issues faced by Indian citizens abroad. MADAD, short for “MEA's Assistance to Diaspora in Distress”, allows individuals to register and seek help for concerns including passport and visa issues, legal and financial problems and other consular services. FAQs for MADAD can be accessed here: Consular Services Welcome Message | Consular Services (madad.gov.in) 3) Pravasi Bharatiya Bima Yojana The Pravasi Bharatiya Bima Yojana is a mandatory insurance programme aimed at safeguarding Indian emigrant workers heading for overseas employment in ECR-designated countries. It provides benefits such as insurance coverage for accidental death or permanent disability, medical insurance, repatriation cover for medically unfit or prematurely terminated employment, family hospitalisation, maternity expenses, legal expenses for litigation and more. 4) Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana The Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana is a skill enhancement initiative for Indian youth seeking employment in high-demand sectors on the global job market. It is overseen by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) in collaboration with the MEA and the Union Ministry of Skill Development. 5) Pravasi Bharatiya Sahayata Kendra Established by the Ministry of External Affairs, the Pravasi Bharatiya Sahayata Kendra (PBSK) serves as a dedicated facilitation centre providing essential assistance to individuals aspiring to work abroad. PBSK aims to streamline support services for migrant and potential migrant workers, offering guidance and aid on relevant matters. 6) Indian Community Welfare Fund The Indian Community Welfare Fund (ICWF), operational across all Indian Missions and Posts globally, provides crucial aid to overseas Indian citizens during emergencies and urgent situations. It prioritises assistance based on a means-tested approach to those in greatest need, facilitating emergency repatriation from conflict zones, natural disaster-affected areas and other challenging circumstances. More information is available here: https://www.myscheme.gov.in/schemes/icwf 7) FAQs by Ministry of External Affairs The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) oversees matters related to Indian migrants working abroad. It is recommended for individuals and families to familiarise themselves with the guidelines provided by the MEA. Relevant information can be found here: https://mea.gov.in/repatriation-to-india.htm 8) Legal Assistance Abroad Indian Missions may offer initial legal assistance to Indian migrants abroad, primarily in deserving cases and subject to means-testing, where the individual cannot afford legal help independently. Further details can be found here: https://mea.gov.in/legal-assistance-abroad.htm
  • Time Difference
    The time difference between India Standard Time (IST) and Japan Standard Time (JST) is 3 hours and 30 minutes, with Japan being ahead of India.
  • Natural Disaster
    Japan's climate and topography contribute to its resilience in managing natural challenges. The nation experiences earthquakes, tsunamis, typhoons, heavy snowfall, volcanic eruptions and other natural phenomena, prompting a proactive approach to preparedness and response.
  • Major Cities
    The major cities of Japan include its capital, Tokyo, along with Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, Fukuoka, Kobe, Kawasaki, Kyoto and Sendai.
  • Transportation
    Japan features an extensive network of subways and trains, vital for commuting within and between cities. However, suburban areas often have less comprehensive train services, with buses filling the gap in public transport. Japan provides a range of rail and city passes for regular travellers, offering convenient travel options. A lot of migrant workers also use bicycles for local transport.
  • Relevant Terms & Meanings
  • Language
    In Japan, the most commonly spoken language is Japanese, which is the official language used universally across the country. English is also widely used for international communication, business and tourism purposes. Some ethnic communities communicate in Ryukyuan languages or Korean, reflecting Japan's linguistic diversity.
  • Language Barrier
    Migrant workers in Japan often face the significant hurdle of a language barrier, as Japanese is the predominant language used in daily interactions and professional contexts. This can initially present challenges in communication and integration. However, there is reassurance in knowing that NSDC International offers tailored language training programmes to mitigate this issue. These programmes are designed to equip individuals with essential language skills necessary for effective communication, facilitating a smoother transition and enhanced integration into both professional environments and daily life.
  • Cost of Living in Japan
    The cost of living in Japan for a migrant worker is balanced by the benefits of residing in a well-developed and efficient society. Although urban centres like Tokyo and Osaka can be costly in terms of housing and daily expenses, there are also more affordable areas with reasonable housing and living costs. Essential items such as groceries, public transport and healthcare services are generally of high quality and are accessible to all residents. Also, the availability of various job opportunities and the potential for competitive salaries make it feasible for migrant workers to maintain a comfortable lifestyle while experiencing the rich culture and modern conveniences that Japan offers.
  • Consular Support & Services in Japan
    The Embassy of India in Japan is located in Tokyo. The contact details are as follows: Embassy of India, Tokyo Address: 2-2-11 Kudan-Minami, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo - 102-0074 Telephone: +81 3 3262-2391 to 97 Fax: +81 3 3234-4866 Consulate General of India, Osaka-Kobe Address: Consulate General of India, 10F, Semba I.S. Building, 1-9-26, Kyutaromachi, Chuo-ku, Osaka - 541-0056 Telephone: 00-81-06-4963-3219 (Visa enquiries) / 06-6261-7299 / 06-6261-9299 Fax: 00-81-6-6261-7201 Consular Functions Consular functions are an important part of the duties and responsibilities entrusted to designated officers of Indian Missions/Posts abroad. These duties broadly include: a) Welfare of Indians abroad, b) Financial assistance to Indian citizens and repatriation of Indian citizens, c) Registration of births and deaths of Indian citizens, d) Solemnisation of marriages under the Special Marriage Act 1969, Foreign Marriage Act 1969 and the rules thereunder, e) Consular assistance to arrested Indian citizens, f) Assistance in case of the death of Indian citizens, including death compensation and the remittance thereof, g) Assistance relating to war graves, war damage pay, pension and provident fund, h) Dealing with civil and criminal proceedings against Indians abroad.
  • Emergency Words and Phrases in Japanese
  • Finding Opportunities to Work in Japan
    Finding employment opportunities in Japan can be a challenging endeavour, requiring navigating job searches, applications, migration processes and settling into a new country. The National Skill Development Corporation International offers assistance in finding legitimate work opportunities in Japan, thereby reducing the risk of encountering fraudulent schemes. For Indians, two main programmes provide avenues for legitimate work in Japan: the Technical Intern Training Programme (TTIP) and the Specified Skilled Workers (SSW) programme. 1) Technical Intern Training Programme (TITP) The Technical Intern Training Programme (TITP) is a collaboration between the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) of India and various Japanese ministries. It aims to transfer skills and knowledge gained in Japan back to developing nations like India. Eligible candidates, aged 18 years and above and of Indian nationality, undergo training in India facilitated by Approved Sending Organisations (SOs). This training includes Japanese language proficiency and specific domain training essential for working in Japan. Upon selection by Supervising Organisations (SVOs/IOs) in Japan, candidates receive a Certificate of Eligibility (COE) through their SOs, which is necessary for their visa application process. 2) Specified Skilled Workers (SSW) The Specified Skilled Worker (SSW) programme was introduced by Japan to address specific labour shortages across designated sectors. Candidates, also aged 18 years or older, must demonstrate knowledge or experience in one of the specified sectors mentioned below: Nursing care Building cleaning management Shipbuilding and ship machinery industry Aviation industry Agriculture Manufacture of food and beverages Automobile repair and maintenance Construction industry Machine parts & tooling/ Industrial machinery/ Electric, electronics & information Industries Accommodation industry Fishery & aquaculture Food service industry Successful applicants need to pass Japanese language proficiency tests (N4 level or above) and sector-specific skills proficiency tests unless they have completed three years in the TITP programme in the same sector. Once selected by a Japanese company, candidates apply for a status of residence through Immigration, allowing them to stay in Japan for up to five years. 3) Resources and Further Information For Indians interested in exploring these opportunities, resources such as the NSDC provide detailed information on both the TITP and SSW programmes. Additionally, the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) offers essential travel advisories and guidelines regarding employment in Japan. The Immigration Services Agency of Japan provides comprehensive details on the COE and visa application processes. Further support and detailed guidelines on the Specified Skilled Worker programme are available through the official support website for SSW by the Japanese Government.
  • The Indian Community in Japan
    Approximately 40,000 Indians currently reside in Japan, with a historically significant population having lived in Kobe, one of Japan's major ports. Recently, the Kansai area has emerged as a focal point for Indians, surpassing Kobe in population percentage. Key Indian organisations in the Kansai area include The Indian Chamber of Commerce, Japan, The Indian Social Society, Japan and The Indian Club. Throughout Japan, numerous Indian associations exist, listed on the Embassy of India, Tokyo's website.
  • Healthcare and Insurance Requirements for Migrant Workers in Japan
    Foreign nationals who are permitted to live in Japan for over three months must enrol in either National Health Insurance (NHI) or in the health insurance system provided through their workplace. Below are key points regarding enrolment in the National Health Insurance (NHI) system and its benefits: a) Enrolling in the NHI system provides an insurance card, essential for accessing healthcare services. It should be kept safe and carried at all times. b) Participants contribute through insurance premiums to cover medical expenses. c) Presenting the insurance card at hospitals typically reduces out-of-pocket expenses to around 30% of medical costs for treatment and medications.
  • Residence Card
    Upon arrival in Japan, Indian migrants staying for more than three months must obtain a Residence Card. This card serves as their official identification, displaying personal details, residency status and period of stay. It can be used for administrative procedures and contractual agreements. Issuance of Residence Card: Issued upon initial entry at specified airports (e.g., Narita, Haneda, Kansai) or through a municipal office after notifying the change of residence. Renewal is required for extensions or changes in residency status. Carrying Requirements: Individuals aged 16 and over must carry their Residence Card at all times, as it serves as a primary identification document in Japan.
  • Visa Types and Requirements
    General Visa: Technical Intern Training (i) (a)/(b) Indian nationals planning to work in Japan under the Technical Intern Training Programme (TITP) must apply for this visa. The visa allows a stay of up to one year, determined by the Minister of Justice. Required documents include a valid passport, completed visa application form, one passport-size photograph and the Certificate of Eligibility (original or copy). Working Visa for Specified Skilled Worker (i/ii) For those seeking employment under specified skilled categories in Japan, two options exist: i. Offers a duration of 1 year, 6 months or 4 months. ii. Allows stays of 3 years, 1 year or 6 months. Applicants must submit their passport, completed visa application form, one passport-size photograph and the Certificate of Eligibility (original or copy). It is mandatory to include the Certificate of Eligibility with the visa application.
  • Distance Between India & Japan
    The approximate straight-line distance between major cities such as New Delhi, India and Tokyo, Japan, is estimated to be around 5,500 kilometres (3,400 miles). The flight duration between New Delhi, India and Tokyo, Japan, typically ranges from 8 to 10 hours, depending on the specific flight route and any layovers.
  • The Food in Japan
    Japanese cuisine is renowned for its diversity and emphasis on fresh, seasonal ingredients. Staples such as rice, seafood and noodles form the foundation of many dishes. Vegetarian: Vegetable tempura, Nasu dengaku, Okonomiyaki, Hiyayakko, Shojin ryori Vegan: Inari sushi, Vegetable yakisoba, Avocado maki sushi, Yasai itame, Kappa maki sushi Meat: Chicken katsu, Gyu don, Yakitori, Buta no kakuni, Sashimi
  • Public Holidays
    The Public Holidays in Japan are as follows: New Year’s Day: 1st January Coming of Age Day: 8th January National Foundation Day: 11th February Emperor’s Birthday: 23rd February Vernal Equinox Day: 20th March Shōwa Day: 29th April Constitution Memorial Day: 3rd May Greenery Day: 4th May Children’s Day: 5th May Marine Day: 15th July Mountain Day: 11th August Respect for the Aged Day: 16th September Autumnal Equinox Day: 23rd September Sports Day: 14th October Culture Day: 3rd November Labour Thanksgiving Day: 23rd November
  • Essential Financial Guidelines for Migrant Workers in Japan
    Navigating financial matters as a migrant worker in Japan demands careful planning and foresight. Follow these essential practices to ensure your financial stability and security: Record-Keeping: Maintain detailed records of payments received, leaves taken and reimbursements owed. Track your savings and expenses separately for clarity and financial management. Banking Benefits: Request your employer to deposit your salary directly into your bank account. This practice safeguards your earnings from theft, accrues modest interest and facilitates seamless remittance transfers to your family. Budget Wisely: Develop a comprehensive budget that accounts for savings goals, regular expenses, emergency funds, insurance contributions and remittances. Effective budgeting ensures financial discipline and prepares you for future financial needs. Seek Safe Investments: Consult with your bank to explore secure investment options tailored to your financial objectives. Investing wisely can generate additional income from your savings over time. Manage Debt Prudently: Minimise borrowing and only incur debt when necessary. If your employer provides financial assistance, use it responsibly for its intended purpose. Make regular repayments to clear debts promptly and avoid unnecessary financial strain. Avoid Signing Blank Documents: Protect yourself from potential fraud or legal issues by refusing to sign blank papers. Always read and understand the content of any document before signing, ensuring clarity and safeguarding your interests. By adhering to these practices, you can navigate financial challenges with confidence while maximising your financial well-being as a migrant worker in Japan.
  • Social Etiquettes
    Greetings: Japanese greetings typically involve bowing rather than shaking hands, although handshakes are becoming more common, especially with foreigners. A Japanese handshake is usually light, often accompanied by a slight bow to show respect. Body Language: Nodding is important in Japanese communication to indicate understanding and attentiveness. Extended eye contact is considered impolite, so maintaining moderate eye contact is advised. Public displays of affection, such as hugging or excessive touching, should be avoided. Sitting upright with both feet on the floor is customary and crossing ankles should be avoided. Communication: Japanese often address others by their surname followed by "san," a term of respect. They tend to speak softly and appreciate pauses in conversation. Maintaining a comfortable distance during conversations is also a cultural norm. Shoes: In traditional Japanese settings like homes, temples and some restaurants, it's customary to remove shoes at the entrance. However, in Western-style restaurants and office buildings, wearing shoes indoors is generally acceptable. Drinking: Drinking in Japan is often a social activity. It's polite to pour drinks for others before filling your own glass and to hold your glass up when someone pours for you. A partially filled glass indicates you do not want more, whereas an empty glass suggests you would like a refill. Dining: When offered food, it's polite to hesitate before accepting. It's customary to try a bit of each dish, even if you don't eat much. Leaving a little food on your plate signifies satisfaction. Slurping noodles is acceptable and may even be seen as a compliment to the chef. Public Bathing: Traditional Japanese baths require removing all clothing and washing thoroughly before entering the communal bath. Inside, silence is observed and activities like swimming, eating or taking photos are considered inappropriate. Before exiting, towel dry in the designated area to maintain cleanliness. Dressing: Dressing in Japan leans towards modern and conservative styles. For business settings, men typically wear dark suits and ties, while women opt for dresses or suits with conservative colours and styles. Even if an invitation suggests casual attire, dressing neatly is often expected. Gifts: Gift-giving in Japan is a thoughtful gesture. Allow your Japanese counterpart to initiate the exchange and present gifts with both hands and a slight bow. It's customary to downplay the gift's significance by saying it's "just a small token." Proper wrapping is essential, as presentation matters as much as the gift itself.
  • National Flag
    The national flag of Japan, known as the Hinomaru or "circle of the sun," displays a crimson-red circle on a white background. It symbolises Japan's identity and values such as purity and sincerity and has been the official flag since 1999.
  • Potential Challenges Faced by Migrant Workers in Japan
    Indian migrants living in Japan may encounter various challenges during their stay. Addressing these issues positively can help navigate and overcome obstacles effectively. 1) Visa and Employment Issues Expired Visa: If your visa has expired and your employer is not renewing it, making your stay illegal, consider seeking assistance from the Indian embassy or consulate to facilitate your return to India. Passport Retention: If your employer insists on holding your passport, politely explain that it is essential for your identification and travel. Seek consular assistance if the issue persists. Passport Confiscation: In case your employer has taken your passport, reach out to the Indian consulate for help in retrieving it and ensuring your safe return to India. Job Role Discrepancy: If you are being asked to perform physical labour despite being hired as a skilled worker, discuss the situation with your employer. If unresolved, seek advice from the Indian consulate or local labour authorities. Visa and Contract Cancellation: Should your employer cancel your visa or contract, immediately contact the Indian embassy or consulate for guidance on your next steps. 2) Lodging Complaints Against a Foreign Employer Utilise consular services in Japan, the e-Migrate system or the MADAD Portal to register complaints against your employer. These platforms are designed to assist you in resolving such issues. 3) Keeping in Touch with Your Family Maintaining communication with your family is crucial for emotional well-being and safety. Pre-Departure: Share your employer's contact details with your family in India and carry the contact numbers of all your family members when you travel to Japan. Post-Arrival: Once you have your Japanese phone number, share it with your family. Additionally, with permission, share the contact numbers of your co-workers for emergency situations. Social Media: Utilise platforms such as WhatsApp or Facebook to stay connected with your family once you have internet access. Regular Communication: Regular calls to your family can help alleviate feelings of alienation and estrangement, ensuring you feel supported and connected. By addressing challenges proactively and maintaining strong communication with your family, you can have a more positive and fulfilling experience as a migrant worker in Japan.
  • Currency
    The official currency of Japan is the Japanese Yen. As of May 2024, 1 Japanese Yen (JPY) is equivalent to 0.53 Indian Rupees (INR).
  • Exploring Immigration to Japan
    India and Japan enjoy a well-established and positive relationship. This strategic partnership fosters a welcoming environment for skilled professionals seeking opportunities abroad. Japanese investment has demonstrably bolstered India's economic growth and skilled Indian talent is increasingly sought after in various sectors, including technology, manufacturing and healthcare. This strong collaboration presents a promising path for Indian skilled workers seeking to contribute their expertise within a supportive and dynamic market.
  • Q1: What documents do I need to open a bank account in Japan as a migrant worker?
    To open a bank account in Japan, you will typically need several documents to verify your identity and residential status. These include your passport with a valid visa or residence permit, a residence card (Zairyu card) issued by Japanese authorities, proof of your address in Japan (such as a utility bill or rental agreement) and employment details, which could be a letter from your employer confirming your status and income.
  • Q5: What should migrant workers pack for their journey to Japan?
    Migrant workers should pack clothes suitable for Japan's climate, personal hygiene products, an adequate supply of medications and snacks. They should ensure their baggage complies with airline restrictions and check baggage allowances.
  • Q4: What documents should migrant workers ensure they have before leaving for Japan?
    Migrant workers should ensure they have their passport, valid visa, original employment contract, ID documents and a copy of their medical certificate. They should also obtain their Pravasi Bharatiya Bima Yojana (PBBY) policy document.
  • Q2: How do I choose the right bank in Japan as a migrant worker?
    A: Choosing the right bank involves considering various factors that cater to non-residents or migrants. Look for banks that offer accessible branch locations or ATMs, provide services in English or with multilingual support and have reasonable fees and charges for transactions and international transfers. Some banks may also offer online banking options, which can be convenient for managing your finances remotely.
  • Q3: What are AML and KYC regulations and why are they important?
    A: AML (Anti-Money Laundering) and KYC (Know Your Customer) regulations are designed to prevent illegal activities such as money laundering and terrorism financing. Migrants must comply with these regulations by providing necessary documentation to facilitate smooth remittance transactions.
  • Demographics
    Germany boasts a population of approximately 83 million inhabitants. The majority of the populace is of German descent, although sizeable minorities of Turkish, Polish, and Italian origin also reside within the country. Additionally, the number of individuals born in India and currently residing in Germany is recorded as 210,385.
  • Clothing
    In general, Germans favour a casual and understated style of dress, opting for practicality and comfort over flamboyance. While jeans, sweaters, T-shirts, shirts, dresses, suits, coats, and boots comprise common wardrobe staples, traditional German attire like dirndls and lederhosen have not entirely disappeared from the sartorial landscape. However, these garments are typically reserved for special occasions and cultural celebrations, offering a glimpse into the country's rich heritage.
  • Major Rivers
    Germany boasts several major rivers, including the Rhine, Elbe, and Danube. The Rhine, the longest river in Germany, traverses the nation from west to east. The Elbe, the second longest, flows north to south, while the Danube, the third longest, meanders through the country from east to west.
  • Food
    German cuisine is renowned for its hearty and flavourful dishes, reflecting the nation's rich historical and cultural tapestry. Additionally, the widespread availability of Indian cuisine further enriches the culinary landscape of Germany. Regional variations play a significant role in German gastronomy, with each region boasting its own unique specialities. Here are some iconic dishes that exemplify the diversity and richness of German cuisine: Bratwurst: A grilled sausage typically made from pork or veal, often served alongside sauerkraut and potatoes. Currywurst: A grilled sausage coated in a tangy curry ketchup and curry powder, a beloved street food staple in Berlin. Sauerkraut: Pickled cabbage, frequently served as an accompaniment to sausages or other meats. Knödel: Dumplings crafted from bread, potatoes, or semolina, often served in stews or soups. Doner kebab: A Turkish import featuring grilled meat, vegetables, and sauces wrapped in pita bread, a popular fast food option in Germany. Schnitzel: A breaded and fried cutlet, usually made from veal or pork, often paired with potatoes or vegetables. Apfelstrudel: A delectable pastry filled with apples, raisins, and spices, commonly served with vanilla sauce or ice cream. Schwarzwälder Kirschtorte: A decadent chocolate cake layered with cherries and kirschwasser (cherry brandy), originating from the Black Forest region. Lebkuchen: A traditional gingerbread cookie, often adorned with nuts and spices, enjoyed as a festive treat during Christmas.
  • Topography
    The topography of Germany is predominantly characterised by low-lying plains, gradually rising to hills and mountains in the southern regions. The Zugspitze, situated within the Bavarian Alps, stands as the nation's highest peak, reaching an elevation of 2,962 metres (9,718 feet).
  • Diaspora Communities and Groups
    Connecting with diaspora groups and organizations can enrich your experience in Germany. They offer valuable information, support, and opportunities to participate in community events. You can find these groups through online platforms like Facebook (e.g., "Indians in Germany" groups), or by asking Indian workers in your area for recommendations. Remember to exercise caution when interacting online and prioritize your safety and security.
  • History of Germany
    The establishment of the German Empire in 1871 marks a significant milestone in the formal unification of the German nation-state. However, the notion of a unified German identity is a complex and contested one. Some scholars argue that the true birth of modern Germany occurred in 1990, with the reunification of East and West Germany following the collapse of the Berlin Wall. Others propose a much longer historical trajectory, tracing the origins of a German "nation"—defined as a collective sharing language, culture, and historical narratives—back millennia.
  • Time Difference Between India and Germany
    India, operating on Indian Standard Time (IST), is 3 hours and 30 minutes ahead of Germany, which adheres to Central European Time (CET). This time difference implies that when it is 12:00 PM in Germany, it is 3:30 PM in India.
  • Population
    Characterised by a long-standing tradition of immigration, Germany experienced a notable population growth of 1.3% in 2022, equivalent to an increase of 1,122,000 individuals. This followed a more modest growth of 0.1% in the preceding year. By the close of 2022, the Federal Statistical Office reported a total population of 84.4 million residents within Germany. Furthermore, the Central Register of Foreigners (AZR) indicated that approximately 351,000 individuals from non-EU countries, holding temporary residence permits for employment, were registered in Germany at the end of 2022. This underscores the ongoing significance of immigration in shaping the demographic landscape of the country.
  • Economy
    Germany boasts the world's fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP and the fifth-largest by purchasing power parity. It operates as a highly developed social market economy, characterised by a high standard of living and a comparatively low unemployment rate of 3%, notably lower than the global average of 5.8%. The nation's economic strength is underpinned by a robust manufacturing sector, with the automotive industry holding a position of prominence. Germany also excels as a major exporter of both goods and services. However, the economy is not without its challenges, including an ageing population and the increasing prevalence of automation. These are counterbalanced by strengths such as a highly skilled workforce and the aforementioned strong manufacturing base, which continue to drive economic growth and resilience.
  • Languages
    The official language of Germany is German, spoken by the vast majority of the population. However, due to the country's diverse population and history of immigration, several other languages are also commonly spoken. These include English, French, Turkish, Polish, Russian, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese.
  • Geological Features
    Germany boasts a diverse array of geological formations, such as the Rhine Valley, the Black Forest, and the Alps. The Rhine Valley, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is renowned for its picturesque landscapes and historical settlements. The Black Forest, a mountain range in southwestern Germany, is celebrated for its dense forests, serene lakes, and cascading waterfalls. The Alps, bordering Germany to the south, offer a haven for outdoor enthusiasts, providing ample opportunities for skiing, hiking, and mountaineering.
  • Climate
    The climate of Germany is significantly influenced by the North Atlantic Drift, a warm ocean current that flows along the coast of Western Europe. This moderating influence contributes to milder winters in Germany than would be expected given its latitude. Generally, the climate of Germany is considered mild and pleasant, making it an attractive destination for tourists throughout the year. However, like many regions, Germany is not immune to extreme weather events, with occasional occurrences of floods and droughts impacting the country. The country experiences a predominantly temperate climate, characterised by mild summers and cool winters. The mean temperature in January hovers around 0 ̊C (32 ̊F), while July typically sees an average of 20 ̊C (68 ̊F).
  • Rights and Responsibilities of a Migrant In Germany
    In Germany, all employed individuals are entitled to comprehensive social security rights, regardless of background. The country prioritizes social security within a human rights framework, as reflected in its constitution, the "Grundgesetz." 1. Social Security Agreement India and Germany signed a social security agreement in 2008, ensuring coverage for old employees, disabled individuals, and economically active persons. Employees are subject to the laws of the country where they work. 2. Employment Laws Seven key German labor laws protect foreign employees: General Equal Treatment Act (AGG): Prohibits discrimination and mandates employer protection against it. Maternity Protection Act: Safeguards pregnant women's rights, including paid leave before childbirth. Part-Time & Fixed-Term Work Act (TzBfG): Protects part-time and contract employees from discrimination. Federal Act on Holidays: Guarantees a minimum of 20 paid vacation days per year. Minimum Wage Act: Ensures a minimum hourly wage of 12 euros (as of October 2022). Hours of Work Act: Regulates working hours, breaks, and rest days. Protection Against Dismissal Act: Protects employees from unjustified termination. 3. Social Insurance Germany's comprehensive social insurance system provides financial security in various situations. Compulsory contributions cover: Statutory health insurance: Covers most medical costs. Pension insurance: Provides for retirement. Long-term care insurance: Covers care needs due to age, accident, or illness. Unemployment insurance: Offers financial support to those out of work. Occupational accident insurance: Protects against workplace accidents and illnesses. Upon starting work, you'll receive a social security ID (Sozialversicherungsausweis) as proof of membership in the system.
  • Indian community in Germany
    Indian migration to Germany began in the early 20th century, primarily attracting independence fighters and students. This continued post-war, with students and later Catholic nurses from Kerala forming the initial wave. These immigrants integrated successfully, establishing the first Indian associations. Smaller-scale migration occurred in East Germany, mainly involving temporary workers. Germany is divided into four consular regions: Berlin, Frankfurt, Hamburg, and Munich. The majority of Indian diaspora associations are concentrated around Frankfurt, followed by Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich. Consular officials oversee diaspora matters. The Indian community in Germany, encompassing both expatriates and German citizens of Indian origin, numbered around 247,000 in 2022, with 198,000 having a migration background. This constitutes the second-largest group from South, Southeast, East, or Central Asia, after Afghans. Various speaking unions exist for Hindi, Tamil, English, Marathi, and Telugu languages. The Indian Culture Centre in Germany and other diaspora groups offer opportunities for engagement within the community.
  • Religion Groups
  • Culture
    Germany boasts a rich cultural heritage, shaped by its historical legacy and its position at the heart of Europe. The nation is home to a multitude of globally renowned cultural institutions, including the esteemed Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra and the opulent Munich Opera House. Germany is equally celebrated for its culinary traditions, notably its diverse array of beers, sausages, and vibrant festivals.
  • Public Holidays
    Public holidays in Germany are a time for people to relax and celebrate with family and friends. Many businesses and schools are closed on public holidays. The Public Holidays in Germany are as follows In addition to these federal holidays, each state in Germany also has its own holidays. For example, the state of Bavaria has a holiday on October 12, which is the feast day of Saint Corbinian, the patron saint of Bavaria.
  • Transportation
    Germany has a wide range of transport options available to the public. Let’s look into them: Trains in germany Germany boasts an extensive and efficient public transportation system, encompassing both regional and urban train services. Regional Train Services: Interregio-Express (IRE) and Regional-Express (RE): These regional trains connect cities and towns within a specific region, offering faster service than local trains. Regionalbahn (RB): These local trains stop at all stations along a particular route, providing comprehensive coverage of the region. S-Bahn (Stadtschnellbahn): These suburban trains link urban centers with their surrounding suburbs, facilitating commuter travel. Deutsche Bahn (DB), the national railway company, operates most of these regional train services, although some private companies also contribute to the network. Urban Train Services: U-Bahn (Untergrundbahn): These underground metro networks operate within major cities, providing rapid transit for urban commuters. U-Bahn networks and trams are typically managed by local public transportation authorities in each city. S-Bahn Networks: There are 14 S-Bahn networks in Germany, serving major metropolitan areas: o Berlin o Bremen o Dresden o Hamburg o Hanover o Magdeburg o Mitteldeutschland (Leipzig and Halle) o Munich (München) o Nuremberg (Nürnberg) o Rhein-Main (Frankfurt am Main) o Rhein-Neckar (Heidelberg and Mannheim) o Rhein-Ruhr (Bonn, Cologne, Dortmund, Düsseldorf, and Essen) o Rostock o Stuttgart U-Bahn Networks: There are four U-Bahn networks in Germany, located in the following cities: o Berlin o Hamburg o Munich o Nuremberg 1. Train tickets and costs in Germany Train ticket prices in Germany vary considerably depending on the type of service and the booking method. a) Regional and Urban Trains: For regional and urban trains (Regionalbahn, Regional-Express, S-Bahn, and U-Bahn), advance booking is typically unnecessary. Ticket prices are fixed, and reservations are neither required nor available. Whether purchased online or at a ticket machine, the price remains consistent. b) Intercity Trains (IC, EC, ICE): Advance booking is customary for intercity services, and three fare types are available: Flexpreis: This is the full fare price, with second-class tickets capped at €157.50. It offers flexibility with free exchanges and refunds and is valid on any train of the same or lower service class on the same day. Additionally, it includes same-day public transportation for journeys exceeding 100 kilometres. Sparpreis: This discounted fare can be as low as €21.10 for second-class tickets. Cancellations are permitted before the travel date for a fee of €10, while refunds are issued as vouchers. These tickets are only valid for the specific trains listed on the ticket and include same-day public transportation for journeys over 100 kilometres. Super Sparpreis: This is the most affordable fare option, with second-class tickets starting at €17.50. However, it comes with no cancellations or refunds and is restricted to the trains specified on the ticket. It does not include local public transportation. c) Advance Ticket Sales: Advance ticket sales for German trains open 180 days prior to the departure date. Tickets can be purchased at DB ticket offices, through the DB Navigator app, or on the Deutsche Bahn website. Online ticket sales are available in several languages, including German, English, Czech, Danish, Dutch, French, Italian, Polish, and Spanish. By understanding the different fare types and booking options, travellers can make informed decisions and potentially save money on their train journeys in Germany. 2. Train timetables and maps in Germany Deutsche Bahn, the German railway company, does not offer a downloadable version of their complete timetable. However, you can use their online booking tool to search for specific itineraries, or you can download route maps and departure/arrival plans for individual stations. 3. Train stations in Germany With approximately 5,400 train stations across Germany, Deutsche Bahn employs a practical categorisation system (Preisklasse) to inform passengers about the services and amenities available at each station. Preisklasse (Category 1): These 21 stations are the major transportation hubs of Germany, offering comprehensive services such as staffed counters, shops, dining options, and accessible platforms. Examples include Berlin Hauptbahnhof and Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof. Preisklasse (Category 2): These 86 stations are important intercity stops, typically staffed during train operating hours. Braunschweig Hauptbahnhof and Hagen Hauptbahnhof fall into this category. Preisklasse (Category 3): There are 239 stations in this category, usually serving cities with populations of around 50,000. They feature a station hall with some shopping options but are not permanently staffed. Examples include Eisenach and Bad Hersfeld. Preisklasse (Category 4): These 630 stations primarily serve regional commuter traffic and lack ticketing offices. Ludwigslust and Meiningen are examples of Category 4 stations. Preisklasse (Category 5): With 1,070 stations, this category encompasses those serving small towns and outer suburbs. They typically have basic and robust equipment to withstand potential vandalism. Examples include Marburg Süd and Wedel (Holst). Preisklasse (Category 6): These 2,500 stations are located in sparsely populated areas and offer minimal amenities. Niesky and Raddusch are examples of Category 6 stations. Preisklasse (Category 7): The 870 stations in this category are found in rural areas and usually consist of a single platform with infrequent service. Miesterhorst and Ueckermünde Stadthafen fall into this category. Buses in Germany Bus services in Germany are not managed by a single national authority. Each federal state (Land) oversees local transportation within its borders. This results in a diverse network of bus service providers. Transport associations (Verkehrsverbund) are responsible for buses and trams within their respective regions. Some examples of public transportation companies in major German cities include: Berlin: BVG Bremen: VBN Cologne and Bonn: VRS Dresden: DVB Frankfurtam Main: RMV Hamburg: HVV Hannover: GVH Leipzig and Halle: LVB Magdeburg: MVB Munich: MVV Nuremberg: VGN Stuttgart: VVS Many German cities also complement their core bus service with trams (Straßenbahnen). Night buses are prevalent in urban areas, though less so in smaller towns. Bus tickets and costs in Germany Ticket prices for buses in Germany are determined by the local public transportation authority operating the service. Generally, five types of tickets are available: Kurzstrecke (short trip ticket): Valid for a very short duration, usually 30 minutes or less, and typically limited to a few stops without transfers. Einzelfahrt (single ticket): Valid for a longer period, usually 60-90 minutes, allowing for transfers between vehicles. In some cities like Berlin, single ticket prices vary based on the number of zones travelled. Tageskarte (day ticket): Offers either unlimited travel for 24 hours from the time of purchase or unlimited travel on a specific calendar day, often with a few additional hours of validity after midnight. Wochenkarte (week ticket): Provides unlimited travel within a specified area for a full week. Gruppentageskarte (group day ticket): Available from some public transportation authorities, these tickets allow up to five passengers to travel on a single ticket, ideal for group outings. Taxis and ride-sharing services in Germany Taxis in Germany are less common and pricier than in some other countries due to the comprehensive public transportation network. While available at hotels, transportation hubs, and taxi stands, they can be harder to hail on the street. Using taxi apps, direct calls, or requesting assistance from businesses are often more effective. Fares are standardized with regional variations, typically involving a base fare of €3-5 plus €1-3 per kilometer. Longer trips may have negotiated or fixed fares. Agreeing on a price upfront is essential for journeys over 50 kilometers, as drivers must take the shortest route. For frequent train travellers, Deutsche Bahn offers BahnCards, providing discounts on ticket prices: BahnCard 25: 25% off all train tickets (Flexpreis, Sparpreis, and Super Sparpreis). BahnCard 50: 50% off Flexpreis tickets; 25% off Sparpreis and Super Sparpreis tickets. BahnCard 100: Unlimited travel across the Deutsche Bahn network. Youth BahnCard 25: 25% off Flexpreis and Sparpreis tickets for travellers aged 6-18. It's crucial to stay updated on the latest regulations and restrictions in Germany. Some general rules to keep in mind include: Speed limits: The maximum speed limit on highways is 130 kilometers per hour (81 miles per hour). Drinking and driving: The legal blood alcohol content (BAC) limit is 0.05%. Smoking: Prohibited in most public places, including restaurants, bars, and public transportation. Penalties: Violations of the law in Germany can result in severe penalties, including hefty fines for offences like driving under the influence.
  • Working in Germany
    1. Benefits of Moving to Germany Economic Advantages: Migration to Germany offers higher wages and favourable currency exchange rates, leading to enhanced financial prospects. Social Enrichment: Migrants benefit from experiencing a diverse culture, interacting with people from various backgrounds, and acquiring new skills and knowledge. It is crucial to weigh the costs and benefits of migration to ensure that the positive outcomes significantly outweigh any potential drawbacks. 2. The Costs of Working in Germany Before deciding to migrate to Germany, it's crucial to assess the costs and benefits involved. There are three main types of costs to consider: Economic: These include recruitment fees, passport and visa costs, emigration clearance, insurance, airfare (ideally covered by your employer), and other migration-related expenses. Social & Emotional: Leaving behind family members and adjusting to a new culture can be emotionally challenging. Health: Migration can sometimes lead to physical and mental health problems like anxiety and depression due to the stress of adapting to a new environment. Weighing these costs against the potential benefits is essential in making an informed decision about whether migration is the right choice for you. 3. Financial Considerations When Moving to Germany Having weighed the costs and benefits of migration and defined your objectives, it's crucial to delve into the financial aspects: Debt Management: If you're borrowing money for migration, ensure a repayment plan that won't hinder your goals. Currency & Exchange Rates: Familiarize yourself with the Euro (EUR) and the exchange rate with the Indian Rupee (INR), currently around €1 = ₹89.81. Learn how to convert between currencies. Cost of Living: Research the expenses in your intended German state, including rent, food, travel, and entertainment, as Germany is generally more expensive than India. Insurance: Obtain necessary insurance coverage before migrating to safeguard against unforeseen events. Understand the types of insurance required and the claims process. Check if Parvas Bhartiya Bima Yojana (PBBY) is mandatory for you. Money Management: Effective financial management is key for a comfortable life and goal achievement: Budgeting: Create a monthly spending plan and adhere to it. Saving: Prioritize saving a portion of your income before spending. Investing: Explore investment options like fixed deposits, recurring deposits, mutual funds, and shares to grow your money. Emergency Fund: Build an emergency fund with at least three months' worth of living expenses to handle unexpected situations. By addressing these financial considerations, you'll be better prepared for a smooth and successful transition to life in Germany. 4. How to find work opportunities in Germany Indian workers seeking employment in Germany have two main avenues: National Skill Development Corporation International (NSDCI): Their job portal (https://www.nsdcinternational.com/looking-for-jobs) offers a platform to explore various job opportunities in Germany. Indian Recruitment Agencies (IRAs): These agencies act as intermediaries, assisting with job placement, document procurement, and contract clarification. a) How to identify a registered recruitment agency To avoid fraud, choose a licensed Indian Recruitment Agency (IRA). Check the MEA Website: Find a list of licensed IRAs on the Ministry of External Affairs website. Verify Registration: Ensure the agency displays a valid Registration Certificate (RC) issued by the Protector General of Emigrants (PGE). Avoid Sub-Agents: Licensed IRAs are not allowed to use sub-agents. Assess Office Premises: Registered IRAs must have adequate office space with necessary amenities. Look for a Signboard: The agency should display a signboard with its name, registration number, and year of registration. Fee Limit: Registered IRAs can charge up to Rs. 30,000 for Emigration Clearance. Report any higher fees to e-Migrate or MADAD portal. b) Responsibilities of recruitment agents Ensure a licensed Indian Recruitment Agency (IRA) adheres to these responsibilities: Provide receipts for payments. Disclose employment details and contract conditions before recruitment. Ensure proper reception by the employer upon arrival in Germany. Prevent the employer from altering contract terms after employment. Ensure employer compliance with contract terms. Timely renewal of documents authorizing your stay in Germany. Facilitate dispute resolution between you and the employer. To file a complaint against an IRA, contact the Protector General of Emigrants (PGE) at pge@mea.gov.in or call Pravasi Bhartiya Sahayata Kendra (PBSK) at 1800-11-3090. 5. Requirements of Moving to Germany To work in Germany, you'll need to meet the following requirements: Age: You must be 18 years or older. Apply for a passport on the Passport Seva website (https://www.passportindia.gov.in/AppOnlineProject/welcomeLink#). Valid Passport: Your passport should be issued within the last 10 years and have at least 2 blank pages for visas. Passport Photos: Submit 3 recent, identical biometric passport photos adhering to ICAO guidelines. Qualifications: Provide proof of academic and professional qualifications, starting with the highest and including your school leaving certificate. Experience: Detail your prior work experience to demonstrate your skills and expertise to immigration authorities. Language Proficiency: While German is widely spoken, language requirements vary by profession. Check if your chosen field requires German language proficiency. Job Description: Submit a signed employment, training, or internship contract from your German employer. Health Insurance: Obtain a certificate of compulsory health insurance from your employer, valid from your employment start date. If not covered, provide separate travel insurance for the period between arrival and employment commencement. 6. Requirements of a German Employment Visa To apply for a German Employment Visa, you will need the following documents: Valid passport (issued within the last ten years, valid for at least another year, and with at least two empty pages) Two signed copies of the completed application form Declaration providing additional contact and legal representation information Three biometric passport photos (not older than six months) Two A4-size copies of your passport's data page Two copies of the Annexure with information about your job in Germany "Erklärung zum Beschäftigungsverhältnis" form filled and signed by your employer, along with Appendix A Proof of vocational training (if applicable) Deficit/partial recognition notification from The Recognition Portal (if applicable) Proof of German language proficiency (at least A2, B1 for nurses) or registration for a German language course Original employment contract Proof of qualification and previous experience certificates Federal Employment Agency approval letter (if applicable) Compulsory health insurance certificate from your German employer Visa fee of 75 EUR/₹6750 paid in INR Remember to submit two sets of these documents, and all certificates, including the employment contract, should be in original. 7. Sections of german employment contract An employment contract outlines the agreement between you and your employer, detailing the rights and responsibilities of both parties. It adheres to German Employment Legislation and should include the following essential details: Inception of the contract Time limit Probation period Place of work Job description Remuneration (Salary) Working hours Paid leaves Notice period Collective bargaining agreements and company agreements
  • Benefits and Allowances in Germany
    As well as statutory health insurance, pension insurance, unemployment insurance and long-term care insurance, the German government’s social security system also provides several different benefitsand allowances. These are available for anyone on a lower income to help them cover basic subsistence costs such as rent and raising children: Housing benefit (Wohngeld): Available as rent support for tenants or mortgage and home upkeep support for homeowners. Child benefits (Kindergeld): Financial support for parents to help with the costs of raising children. Maternity benefit (Mutterschaftsgeld): Paid leave for mothers before and after childbirth. Parental allowance (Elterngeld): Financial support for parents during the first months of their child's life. Sickness benefit (Krankengeld): Compensation for lost income due to illness. Child sickness benefit (Kinderkrankengeld): Partial reimbursement for lost earnings when caring for a sick child. General Contact Information Emergency Numbers: 112 for fire and ambulance, 110 for police. Hotline for Sexual Assault: 0800 116 016 or online. Embassies: Contact your respective embassy for assistance. Details are available on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs website: https://indianembassyberlin.gov.in/
  • India Germany Relationship
    India and Germany share a strong bilateral relationship based on democratic principles. India becoming an increasingly important trading partner for Germany, both countries see potential for collaboration in various sectors, including knowledge-driven fields like IT, biotechnology, and renewable energy. To promote mutual economic growth, India and Germany have established a Labour Mobility Agreement to facilitate the recruitment and employment of Indian workers in Germany, adhering to the laws of both countries.
  • Natural Resources
    Germany possesses a variety of natural resources, notably coal, natural gas, and timber. Additionally, the country has emerged as a significant producer of renewable energy, particularly solar and wind power.
  • Q.5 How can I manage money in Germany?
    Effective money management in Germany is crucial for achieving your financial goals and handling unforeseen situations. Here's a simplified guide: 1. Open an NRE Account: An NRE (Non-Resident External) account in India allows you to safely keep your money, earn interest, and easily send funds back home, with tax-free benefits. Choose a bank with a branch in Germany for convenience. 2. Embrace Online Banking: Familiarize yourself with online banking features like checking balances, transferring funds, and paying bills. Prioritize security by using strong passwords, enabling two-factor authentication, and avoiding public Wi-Fi for financial transactions. Learn to use digital payment methods like mobile wallets for easy cashless transactions. 3. Manage Your Money: Set Financial Goals: Clearly define your financial objectives and discuss them with your family before migrating. Expenses & Savings: Save a portion of your salary every month before spending. Consult your bank for suitable savings options. Create a budget based on your remaining income, distinguishing between wants and needs. Track Your Spending: Monitor your expenses to ensure adherence to your budget and identify areas for potential savings. Emergency Fund & Insurance: Build an emergency fund for unexpected events like job loss or illness. Obtain adequate insurance coverage to mitigate financial risks. By following these guidelines, you can effectively manage your finances in Germany and work towards achieving your financial goals.
  • Q4. What are the common German phrases I should learn before moving to Germany?
    Yes: Ja. (Yah) No: Nein (Nine) Please: Bitte (BIT-tuh) Thank You: Danke (DAN-keh) I’m Sorry: Es tut mir leid (es toot meer lied) You’re welcome: Bitte sehr (BIT- tuh zayr) Excuse me. (getting attention): Entschuldigen Sie. (ent-SHUL-di-gen zee) Excuse me (begging pardon): Entschuldigung. (ent-SHUL-di-goong) I don't understand: Ich verstehe das nicht. (ikh fur-SHTAY-uh dahs nikht) Where's the toilet please?: Wo ist die Toilette, bitte? (voh ist dee twah-LET-uh, BIT-tuh?) Do you speak English? : Sprichst du / Sprechen Sie englisch? (shprikhst doo / shprekhen zee ENG-lish?) I can't speak German well: Ich kann nicht so gut deutsch. (ikh kahn nikht zo goot doytsh) Does anyone here speak English? : Kann hier jemand Englisch? (kahn heer YEH-mahnd ENG-lish?) Help!: Hilfe! (HILL-fuh!) Hello: Guten Tag. (GOO-ten tahk) or Hallo (hah-LOH) (informal) Hello (in Bavaria / Austria): Grüß Gott! (gruus got) (formal, literally: "salute to god") or Servus! (SEHR-voos) (to a friend / informal but polite) Good morning: Guten Morgen. (GOO-ten MOR-gen) Good evening: Guten Abend. (GOO-ten AH-bend) How are you?: Wie geht's? (vee gayts?)  Fine, thank you.: Danke, gut. (DAN-kuh, goot) What's your name?: Wie heißt du? (informal to friends) (vee highst doo?)  / Wie heißen Sie? (formal) (vee HIGH-sen zee?) My name is... : Ich heiße... (ikh HIGH-suh) Nice to meet you: Nett, Sie kennen zu lernen. (net zee KEN-en tsoo LER-nen) Goodbye: Tschüs. (informal) (chuuss) / Auf Wiedersehen (formal) (owf VEE-der-say-en) Goodbye (in Bavaria/Austria): Servus! (ZEHR-foos) (to a friend / informal but polite) Good evening: Guten Abend. (GOO-ten AH-bend) Good night (to sleep): Gute Nacht. (GOO-tuh nakht)
  • Q1. What are the different categories of work permits in Germany?
    Germany offers various types of work permits tailored to different qualifications and employment situations: General Work Permit: For those who have a job offer in Germany that cannot be filled by an EU national. Exceptional skills are not required. Highly Skilled Worker Permit: Designed for professionals with extensive experience and a high income. EU Blue Card: For highly qualified individuals with a minimum annual salary of €56,400 (or €43,992 for certain professions). Work Permit for Freelancers: For self-employed individuals with proof of potential clients in Germany.
  • Q2. How should I apply for a residence permit in Germany?
    To apply for a Residence Permit in Germany, you must submit an application to both the German embassy and your employer. Your employer will require the following documents: Valid passport: Issued within the last 10 years, valid for at least another year from the visa application date, and with at least two empty pages. Passports with remarks on the front data page are not accepted. Two copies of the application form: Completed and signed. Two copies of the Declaration: Providing additional contact and legal representation information. Two A4-size copies of your passport's data page. Two copies of your employment visa. Original and two copies of the "Erklärung zum Beschäftigungsverhältnis" form: Filled and signed by your future employer, along with Appendix A (Zusatzblatt A). Proof of foreign vocational training. Deficit or partial recognition notification: Issued by the relevant body for recognizing vocational training, found at www.anerkennung-in-deutschland.de. Registration for a language course: If language acquisition is not part of your qualification process.
  • Q3. What are the various Government resources available for migrants in Germany?
    The Indian government offers several resources to assist individuals seeking work in Germany: e-Migrate Portal (https://emigrate.gov.in/): Captures emigrant data Verifies employer and agency credentials Generates employment contracts Provides Pravasi Bhartiya Bima Yojana insurance (up to ₹10 lakh) Pravasi Bharatiya Sahayata Kendra (PBSK): Offers support services to those seeking employment abroad Registers complaints and channels them to relevant authorities Provides counseling and crisis management Operates a 24x7 helpline (1800-11-3090) Has regional centers in Delhi, Lucknow, Hyderabad, Chennai, and Kochi Protector General of Emigrants (PGE): Protects the interests of Indian workers abroad Grants emigration clearance Inspects emigrant conveyances Inquires into the treatment of emigrants Aids and advises returning emigrants Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PKVY): Provides pre-departure orientation training (PDOT) on the destination country's culture, language, traditions, and laws Pravasi Bharatiya Bima Yojana (PBBY): Mandatory insurance before applying for Emigration Clearance Premiums of ₹275 (2 years) or ₹375 (3 years) Offers various benefits, including accidental death/disability coverage (₹10 lakh), repatriation, medical cover, etc. By utilizing these resources, Indian workers can access necessary information, support, and protection throughout their employment journey in Germany.
  • Leaves
    Annual Leave: 21 days if the worker has completed one year of service; and 30 days after 5 years of continuous service with the same employer. Medical leave: First 30 days sick leave with full wage; next 60 days with 3/4th of wage; and without pay for the following 30 days in a single year. Paternity Leave: 3 days leave on the birth of a child. Maternity Leave: 10 weeks - four weeks before the expected date of delivery and six weeks after the delivery, extendable by one month without pay. Leave salary admissible is half the salary, if served with the employer for one year, and full salary if the service is for three years or more. Other Types of leave: Death of spouse or children: 5 days leave will be allowed. A female employee, in the event of death of her husband is entitled to 15-130 days leave under certain conditions. Haj: Paid leave of 10-15 days once during service is allowed for performing Haj for an employee who has previously not performed Haj, after completing two years of service. Public Holidays: Saudi National Day, Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha are fully paid holidays and if the workers required to work, they are entitled to overtime.
  • Important Festivals
    Eid al-Fitr Eid al-Adha Saudi National Day Mawlid al-Nabi Islamic New Year (Hijri New Year)



  • Exploring the Vibrant Culture
    Saudi Arabian culture is a blend of Islamic heritage, ancient trade routes, and Bedouin traditions. Emphasising strong family bonds, it values traditions such as respect for elders, modesty, and honesty.
  • Visa Requirements
    Indian nationals working in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia need a Work Visa, obtained through their employer. The employer applies for a work permit, and upon approval, a Visa Authorization Number is issued. The applicant then applies for the visa at the Embassy of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in India. Within 90 days of arrival, the employer must also secure the employee's residency permit (Iqama). The Work Visa allows for a specific work period and includes provisions for bringing family on a Family Visit Visa. The application, processed in 5 to 14 days through the embassy, simplifies paperwork for the applicant, mainly handled by the employer. Eligibility for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Work Visa To be eligible to apply for this type of permit, you must meet the following criteria: a) You must possess a passport valid for at least 6 months from the travel date. b) You must be sponsored by a Saudi company or organization. c) You must possess an invitation letter from the Saudi organization attested by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in Arabic. d) Your motive behind the visit must be to participate in work activities for technical professions such as engineering, architecture, etc. Stepwise Process to Attain the Work Visa Before applying for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s work permit, you must confirm that you meet all requirements and have all the required supporting documents. The steps are elaborated below: Step 1: Gathering Required Supporting Documents Your Saudi employer or sponsor would need specific documents from you to apply for your work visa on the Enjazit Website. You must provide them with the necessary paperwork promptly. Step 2: Employer Applies for Your Work Permit with the Labour Ministry After providing required documents, your Saudi employer applies for your work permit on the Enjazit Website, linked to the Ministry of Interior's site. The application status can be checked there from time to time. Step 3: Application For Work Visa at The Embassy Assuming approval from the Ministry of Human Resources & Social Development, your Saudi Arabian employer will inform the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. They will then process the application for the Visa Authorization Number. Once issued, you can apply for a Work Visa at the Embassy in New Delhi or Mumbai, using the Visa Authorization Letter from your employer. Note that visa applications in India are accepted only through registered travel agencies listed on the Embassy's website. Step 4: Application For the Iqama in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia If your work Visa is approved, you can travel to work in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. However, within 90 days of arrival, you must obtain the Saudi Residency Permit (Iqama). The Iqama serves as proof of legal status and is essential for various activities like banking, mobile services, and travel. Your employer is responsible for providing the Iqama within 90 days after your arrival, following a medical test and health insurance arrangement. If not provided or renewed on time, you can contact the Ministry of Labour at the toll-free helpline (19911) to file a complaint. Upon receiving the Iqama, ensure that your name matches your passport. Any corrections can be made through the sponsor at the Jawazat office. The Iqama allows you to stay and work in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for an extended period, granted your employer applies for the residency permit within 90 days. The Ministry of Human Resources & Social Development processes Iqama applications within 1 to 3 weeks. Once approved, carry it at all times as proof of your legal right to work in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Visa Processing Time The processing times for a Work Visa vary at different stages. First, the Ministry of Human Resources & Social Development takes 2 business days to process your employer's work permit application. After approval, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs issues the Visa Authorization Number (VAN) in 14 working days. The Embassy/Consulate then processes your Work Visa in 5 working days. Work Visa Fees Your employer will be liable for your Work Permit fees when they apply for the permit on your behalf. The fees look are as follows: a) 7200 Saudi Riyals (INR 1,59,575) if your employer employs more than 50% of Saudi nationals. This includes 750 SAR (INR 16, 622) for the Iqama 6000 SAR (INR 1,32,979) for the Work Permit and 450 SAR (INR 9,973) for health insurance. b) 8400 SAR (INR 1,86,171) if your employer employs more than 50% of expatriates. The work permit fee increases to 7200 SAR (INR 1,59,575), and the costs for Iqama and health insurance remain the same at 750 SAR (INR 16, 622) & 450 SAR (INR 9,973) respectively. Work Visa Validity Different Work Visas for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia have different durations based on your employment contract’s period. Some Work Visas are valid for 6 months from the date of issue. The Saudi Arabian Iqama (residency permit) is valid for up to 1 year. All Work Visas for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia can be renewed with the Ministry of Human Resources & Social Development. Required Documents for Work Visa Your employer must first apply to hire you as an expatriate Indian employee with the Saudi Arabian Ministry of Human Resources & Social Development. They will require the following supporting documents for the application process. Your original passport is valid beyond your employment period. It must also have two blank pages where your Visa will be affixed. Your passport-size photographs on a white background. Your signed employment contract. Your employment letter that the Ministry of External Affairs and the Saudi Arabian Chamber of Commerce have certified. Two copies of signed medical reports/ medical certificate. Certified copies of your college/university qualifications that the Saudi Arabian Cultural Mission has verified. Power Of Attorney Document. Proof of work visa fee payment through the Enjazit website. For Embassy applications, you will simply need to submit the following documents to the chosen registered agency: a) Completed the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Work Visa Application Form. b) Valid Indian Passport with validity beyond your employment period in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The passport must also have two clear pages where the Visa stamps can be affixed. c) Two recent passport-size photographs. Financial Requirements for the Work Visa Your Saudi Arabian employer must meet specific requirements for your work visa approval. Besides the work visa fees, which are usually covered by the employer, there are additional fees related to your residence in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Temporary Work Visa The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's Vision 2030 is driving a surge in projects, requiring more workers. To meet this demand, a new Temporary Work Visa has been introduced for short-term workers. Regardless of nationality, those intending to work in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia must obtain this visa, with approval from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs secured by the sponsoring company. The visa, valid for 90 days with a 90-day extension option, allows multiple entries, enabling flexibility for workers during this period. It must be used within a year of issuance. Other Visas In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, only those with a valid Employment visa are legally allowed to work. Working on other visas, such as Tourist visas, is prohibited. Offenders face detention, fines, and deportation, with a subsequent ban on re-entry to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. You cannot undertake employment and work in KSA on the following visas Family Visit visa (بعة ئ ل ي شأت ةري يز ةرب tashirato ziyarat eayila) is meant for the family members of the eligible workers to visit them, and employment is prohibited on this visa. Family visa (-شأت ةري يز ةرب) tashirato siyarat) is meant for the family members of the eligible workers to accompany (stay with) them, and employment is prohibited on this visa. Haj Visa ( شأت ةري جح)tashirato Haj) and Umrah visa (شةر ةري أتمع tashirato Umrah) is issued only for the purpose of holy pilgrimage. Business visa (-شأت ةري يراجت ت tashirato tijarih) is meant for investors/business visitors. Business Work visa ( ةريشأت تيراجت Tashirato Tijariah Lilamal) allows companies to bring in skilled and highly specialized categories of workers for specific work of a short duration (2 months) and the holders are required to leave the Kingdom before expiry of the visa. ​ Please note that “Free Visas” do not exist in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Relevant Terms and Meanings
    Iqama (Residence Permit): A mandatory identification card including personal details, job information, and sponsor details. Sponsorship System (Kafala): The system where migrant workers require a Saudi sponsor (usually their employer) to live and work in the country. Saudi Riyal (SAR): The official currency of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Hijri Calendar: The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia uses the Islamic Hijri calendar for official and religious purposes. Halal: Refers to food, practices, or products that adhere to Islamic law. Jumu'ah (Friday) Prayer: The weekly congregational prayer that holds special significance in Islam. Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha: Two major Islamic festivals celebrated in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Saudization: A government initiative to increase employment opportunities for Saudi nationals. Mabahith (Saudi Intelligence): The Saudi Arabian intelligence agency. Tawuniya: Refers to insurance. Abaya: A traditional black cloak worn by women. Nitaqat System: A program that classifies Saudi companies based on their Saudization efforts, affecting their ability to hire migrant workers. King Fahd International Airport (DMM): The main airport in Dammam, commonly used by international travelers. Tahsildar: A local government officer responsible for revenue and tax collection.
  • Languages Spoken
    Arabic is the official language, but people also use English in their daily conversations.
  • RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES AS A MIGRANT WORKER
    Rights In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, labour laws regulate the relationship between employers and employees, ensuring that workers receive their entitled rights. It is essential for individuals to be informed about their rights to safeguard their well-being, safety, and fair treatment while residing in the host country. Here are key rights that individuals should be mindful of You have the right to keep the original of your personal documents, including passport, visa, and employment contract. ​ Your working hours are regulated, and you have the right to overtime compensation ​ You have the right to complain and seek protection if any of your rights are violated or if your employer has exploited you. If you think you have been cheated, wronged, or treated in a way that discriminates against you, you must seek assistance. ​ You have the right to refuse overtime work. ​ You have the right to rest time of at least 30 minutes after no more than five consecutive hours of work. ​ You have the right to working days off. If you have completed one year in service of the employer, you are entitled to an annual vacation of 21 days, with full wages payable in advance. After five years of service, the number of annual leave days increases up to 30 days. ​ You have the right to one day off each week. ​ You have the right to public holidays. ​ You have the right to take medical leave. ​ You have the right to receive your wages during a period of illness. ​ You have the right to be paid the following provisions outlined in the Saudi Labour Code. ​ You have the right to leave your workplace during your free time. ​ You have the right to be paid for work completed even if you are arrested, quit your job, or are fired. ​ The Saudi Labour Code does not permit workers to create unions, bargain collectively or strike. Anyone who tries to form a union can be dismissed, imprisoned, or, in the case of migrant workers, deported.
  • Currency
    The Saudi Riyal (SAR) has been the official currency of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia since its inception. As of December 2023, the exchange rate is 1 SAR to INR 22.22.
  • Medical/Health Insurance
    It is mandatory for employers to provide their migrant workers with health insurance. Soon after arrival, to obtain the medical insurance, which is a prerequisite for issuing Iqama, a worker must undergo a medical test at approved medical centres.
  • Responsibilities
    Some of the responsibilities as a migrant worker in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia include: If you wish to take leave from your job (for personal reasons or vacation), make sure you inform your employer beforehand. Taking an extended leave without notifying your employer could be grounds for terminating your contract. If you are sick and cannot go to work, inform your employer as soon as possible and obtain a medical certificate. Many workers die from cardiac arrest due to simultaneous exposure to extreme heat and extreme cold. If you work outdoors, do not turn the air conditioner very high immediately after returning to your room. Take precautions to avoid contracting HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. Respect your host country's culture, food customs, and dress code. Show respect towards women and never tease them, ogle, or stare at them. Never participate in drug selling, drug abuse, or any other criminal activity; never physically abuse anyone (including a friend or girlfriend/boyfriend) or bully someone on the basis of ethnic, cultural, physical, religious, or sectarian differences. Make an effort to learn the basic norms and laws of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, including traffic rules. Always use the zebra crossing or the overhead bridge to cross a road. Abide by the rules and regulations of your workplace. The regulations are typically displayed in a visible area in the workplace. Check the expiry dates of your documents, including your passport, residence permit, and ID card. To renew your passport, go to the Indian Embassy; for other documents, inform your employer well in advance of their expiration date. If you experience problems at work, talk to your family, a friend, your employer, the Embassy or Consulate of the Kingdom of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the recruitment agent, or the Protector Office of India. The telephone numbers of the Embassy or Consulate and the Protector Offices are provided towards the end of the kit.
  • Social and Cultural Norms Shaping the Saudi Society
    Respecting Religious Practices Islam is the official religion in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, influencing daily life. Migrant workers are urged to respect local customs. Modest Clothing Modest clothing is deemed respectful for both men and women in public spaces. Women are generally expected to wear an abaya, a loose-fitting black robe, while men should opt for conservative attire, avoiding shorts or sleeveless shirts. Gender Segregation Public spaces are segregated by gender and it's important for unrelated individuals of the opposite sex to maintain a respectful distance. Exploring the Holy Cities Makkah and Madinah, the two holiest cities in Islam, hold significant spiritual importance and are open exclusively to Muslim pilgrims.
  • The Capital City
    Riyadh is the capital of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.











  • Working Hours/ Weekly Holidays/ Overtime Allowance
    a) Working hours are 8 hours daily and 48 hours per week. During the month of Ramadan, the working hours are reduced to six hours a day and 36 hours a week, for Muslim workers. b) Overtime rates are 150% of the hourly wage. c) Friday is the weekly rest day which may be replaced with any other day of the week. d) The rest period of 30 minutes during workday is provided and the worker shall not be made to work for more than 5 hours continuously. In no case total working hours should 12 hours per day.
  • The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and India's Time Delta
    The time in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is 2 hours and 30 minutes behind that of India.
  • The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia as your next Professional Frontier
    Comparing Costs and Benefits Moving to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for work brings various opportunities beyond the initial expenses. It's essential to evaluate economic, social, and health factors, alongside highlighting the positive aspects that make it an attractive destination for employment. a) Economic Benefits ​ Job Opportunities Jobs in sectors such as oil and gas, healthcare, and technology offer a good compensation for skilled professionals, ensuring financial stability and growth potential. Whether you are an experienced professional or a recent graduate, the economy presents many opportunities to pursue your aspirations and achieve financial success. Professional Development Being exposed to the latest technologies and global work standards can enhance your ability to develop valuable skills that will be useful throughout your career. b) Social Benefits Cultural Enrichment The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia provides migrant workers with a chance to experience a rich and unique cultural environment. Global Networking Living in a diverse setting allows one to build connections with people from different nations and backgrounds, opening doors to personal and professional opportunities. Quality of Life The country offers modern infrastructure, amenities, and a vibrant social life for a comfortable and high-quality living experience. Health and Well-being The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia prioritizes residents' health, providing modern healthcare and comprehensive plans for migrant workers to enjoy a healthy lifestyle. Community Support The migrant community in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is varied and supportive, creating a sense of belonging and unity. Financial Considerations If you are planning to work in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for promising work opportunities, it's crucial to carefully consider the financial aspects of this transformative move. Making smart choices will help you set yourself up for financial success in your new home. a) Cost of Living Before making the big move, check the living costs, including rent, food, travel, and entertainment. Understanding local expenses can help you plan a realistic budget for financial management. b) Debt Management Make sure you have a strategic plan to repay any debts you have. This prevents debt from affecting your goals. c) Money Management Developing sound money management practices is crucial for achieving financial stability. This includes: Budgeting: Create a monthly budget to plan your expenses and ensure you stick to it. Saving: Prioritize saving regularly for future expenses. Investing: Consider investing your savings to grow your wealth over time. d) Building an Emergency Fund Create a fund to cover unexpected costs during your stay in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Aim to save up three months' worth of living expenses for a reliable financial safety net.
  • Weather Conditions Across the Country
    The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has diverse landscapes, ranging from dry deserts to green highlands, each with its own climate. Summers are hot and dry, reaching up to 45°C inland, perfect for exciting desert adventures. Winters bring relief, with temperatures dropping to 8°C to 20°C inland and 19°C to 29°C along the coast. The Asir highlands offer a lush escape with moderate temperatures and monsoon-influenced rainfall. The Red Sea coast provides a refreshing retreat, with milder temperatures and higher humidity, especially in Jeddah.
  • Saudi Arabian Food
    Saudi Arabian cuisine boasts a diverse range of food options, catering to various preferences: Vegetarian: Falafel, hummus, baba ghanoush, mujaddara, etc. Vegan: Muhammara, shakshuka, stuffed grape leaves, mahshi, etc. Meat: Kabsa, mandi, harees, etc.

 The food offers a rich blend of flavours and textures rooted in the country's cultural heritage.
  • Q6: What documents do I need to open a bank account in Israel?
    To open a bank account in Israel, you'll need several essential documents. These include a valid passport, a valid visa or work permit and proof of address in Israel, which can be demonstrated through a rental agreement or utility bill. You may also need to provide your tax identification number if applicable, along with proof of employment, such as an employment contract or a letter from your employer.
  • Q3: What are my rights as a migrant worker in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia?
    Migrant workers have a number of rights, including: · The right to work without discrimination · The right to fair wages and working conditions · The right to join a trade union · The right to social security · The right to healthcare
  • Q1: What are the working conditions like?
    Working conditions in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia vary by industry and employer, but generally, they are safe and comfortable. Migrant workers have the same rights as Saudi citizens, including a 48-hour workweek, overtime pay, and paid holidays.
  • Q4: What can I do to prepare for working in the country?
    If you are planning to work in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, there are a few things you can do to prepare: · Learn about the laws and regulations that apply to migrant workers. · Prepare a document checklist. · Get a medical check-up and make sure that you are up to date on your vaccinations. · Pack clothes and shoes appropriate for the climate of the upcoming months in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Q2: What are the housing conditions like for migrant workers?
    Migrant workers in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia usually reside in well-maintained company-provided housing that is clean, safe, and comfortable.
  • Natural Disaster
    Israel is not prone to frequent natural disasters like earthquakes, hurricanes or tsunamis. However, it does experience some natural disturbances that could be considered minor compared to more disaster-prone regions.
  • Challenges Faced by Migrant Workers
    Migrant workers from India in Israel encounter a variety of challenges, underscoring the need for comprehensive support solutions. 1) Cultural and Language Barrier Adapting to a new language and culture can pose difficulties, impacting effective communication and integration into the community. Asking for prior language and cultural training can facilitate smoother transitions and foster inclusivity. 2) Isolation and Loneliness Working in a foreign country can lead to feelings of isolation and loneliness, especially when separated from family and familiar support networks. Leveraging opportunities for social interaction and community involvement can mitigate these feelings and promote mental well-being. 3) Physical and Emotional Strain The demands of the job, especially in physically demanding roles, can take a toll on migrant workers' physical and emotional well-being. Availing access to healthcare services and mental health support can help alleviate these strains and promote overall wellness. 4) Job Insecurity Migrant workers often face uncertainty regarding their employment status and legal rights, which can contribute to stress and anxiety. Having clear and fair employment contracts and staying informed about labour laws can provide greater stability and security. 5) Navigating Regulations Understanding and complying with immigration and employment regulations can be challenging for migrant workers. Seek guidance and support services to navigate these regulations.
  • The Indian Community
    The Indian community in Israel, numbering around 85,000 individuals, constitutes one of the largest expatriate groups in the country. Spanning cities such as Tel Aviv, Jerusalem, Haifa and Be'er Sheva, this community enjoys a significant presence across Israel. Support infrastructure for the Indian community in Israel include: Embassy of India in Israel Indian Cultural and Community Centres Indian Jewish Associations Indian Women's Groups Community Organisations Student Associations Employment and Professional Networks Social Media Groups Religious and Spiritual Organisations These establishments play a crucial role in facilitating the seamless integration of Indian migrants into Israeli society while upholding their cultural heritage.
  • Israel’s Visa Regulations for International Workers
    Understanding Israel's visa procedures is critical, as non-compliance may lead to detention and deportation, posing significant challenges to your professional endeavours. Visa Overview: Israeli law allows temporary work, but overstaying may lead to detention and deportation. Visa Issuance: Work visas (B/1) are obtained through Israeli Consulates or PIBA, lasting one year. Extension Procedures: Extensions are possible but limited, especially after 63 months. Certain workers may have shorter periods. Deportation/Non-Extension: Violating laws, falsifying details or intent to leave can lead to deportation or non-extension. Return After Travel: Obtain an "inter-visa" for re-entry after a trip abroad, costing 175 ILS. Additional Stay Periods: Grace periods vary based on sector - 60 days for agriculture/chefs, 30 days for construction/hotel workers and 90 days for caregivers. Key Reminders: Stay cautious of promises of extended employment or counterfeit visas/passports. To find licensed Placement Agencies and Manpower Companies, visit the PIBA website for listings and contact information.
  • Health Insurance
    Having proper health insurance is crucial for your well-being in Israel. Without it, medical expenses can be overwhelming. Employer Responsibility: Employers must provide private medical insurance for foreign workers throughout the employment period. This ensures that workers have access to necessary healthcare services and are protected against medical expenses. Coverage Limitations: Workers should be aware that pre-existing conditions are usually excluded from coverage. It is also essential to note that medical treatments lasting more than 90 days may not be covered. Understand the limitations of their health insurance coverage is crucial. Appealing Decisions: If your insurance denies coverage for certain conditions or treatments, you can appeal. This ensures that workers have recourse if their health insurance coverage is denied unjustly.
  • Ending Work Relations
    If for any reason you or your employer want to end work relations, here are the essential details you need to know: Prior Notice - General: If you're a foreign worker employed on a monthly basis and you intend to leave your job, you must provide prior written notice to your employer based on your employment duration. Employer's Dismissal Notice: If an employer wishes to dismiss you, they must also provide prior notice according to the specified durations.
  • Public Holidays
    The Public Holidays in Israel are as follows: Rosh Hashanah: Jewish New Year (two-day holiday), usually in September or October. Yom Kippur: Day of Atonement, usually 10 days after Rosh Hashanah. Sukkot: Feast of Tabernacles (seven-day holiday), starting five days after Yom Kippur. Simchat Torah: Celebration of the completion of the Torah reading cycle, immediately following Sukkot. Hanukkah: Festival of Lights, typically in December. Purim: Celebration of the salvation of the Jewish people from Haman, usually in February or March. Passover (Pesach): Commemoration of the Exodus from Egypt (seven or eight-day holiday), usually in March or April. Yom HaShoah: Holocaust Remembrance Day, usually in April. Yom HaZikaron: Memorial Day for fallen soldiers and victims of terrorism, usually in April or May. Yom Ha'atzmaut: Independence Day, immediately following Yom HaZikaron, usually in April or May. Shavuot: Feast of Weeks, celebrating the giving of the Torah (one or two-day holiday), usually in May or June. Tisha B'Av: Commemorating the destruction of the First and Second Temples, usually in July or August. Rosh Chodesh: The first day of each Jewish month is often considered a minor holiday. Islamic Holidays: Dates for Islamic holidays, such as Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha, vary each year based on the Islamic calendar and may be observed by the Arab Muslim community in Israel. Christian Holidays: Dates for Christian holidays like Christmas and Easter also vary each year and are observed by the Christian communities in Israel.
  • Language
    The most common languages spoken in Israel are Hebrew and Arabic. Hebrew is the primary language, used in government, education and daily life, while Arabic is also widely spoken, particularly by the Arab population. English, on the other hand, is the most commonly used foreign language.
  • Foreign Worker Deposit
    Understanding the nuances of the foreign worker deposit system in Israel is paramount for both employers and employees to ensure transparency and financial security. Purpose and Scope: Employers of foreign workers in certain sectors are obligated to deposit funds into a PIBA-held account for each worker. Monthly Deposits: Employers calculate monthly deposit amounts based on Collective Agreements, Extension Orders or Contracts. The minimum deposit is 12.5% of the worker's regular monthly salary for full-time work. Deposit Not Deductible: The employer's deposit is separate from the employee's salary and cannot be deducted from it. Withdrawal Conditions: Upon legally and permanently leaving Israel, foreign workers can withdraw the deposited amount, including interest accrued. Illegal Overstay Deductions: If the worker overstays their legal period in Israel, deductions are applied to the deposit. Monitoring Deposits: Workers can access monthly deposits and fund balances through PIBA's online service.
  • Kosher Dietary Laws
    Kosher dietary laws are followed by Jewish individuals and involve specific guidelines like separating meat and dairy, using kosher-certified ingredients and adhering to particular methods of slaughter and preparation. Certain communities also avoid foods like pork and shellfish. When in Israel, respecting kosher dietary observance means consuming food that meets these guidelines, especially in areas with large Jewish populations.
  • Basic Requirements for Migrating to Israel for Work
    Here's a concise overview of the mandatory conditions for individuals aspiring to pursue employment opportunities in the country: Age Range: 25-45 Years Physical Requirements: Minimum height of 1.5 Meters, Weight above 45 kg Qualifications: Certified Caregivers with 990 hours of training or Diploma with Indian Authority-issued Certificate Language Skills: Proficient in Intermediate Level English Education: High School Diploma Experience: No Previous Employment in Israel Clean Record: Clear Police Report from India and No Substance Abuse History Family Relations: No Immediate Family in Israel Health Standards: Physically and Mentally Fit with No Chronic Diseases Citizenship: Indian Citizenship COVID-19 Compliance: Agreement to Fulfil Israeli Ministry of Health Obligations Additional Requirements: As Specified by PIBA and MSDE
  • Permitted Work Sectors
    Understanding the permissible work sectors and the regulatory framework governing them is essential for individuals seeking employment in Israel under the B/1 visa category. Authorization: Detailed in B/1 visa, including caregiving, agriculture, hotel housekeeping, construction and specialized expertise like ethnic cuisine. Sector Restriction: No switching sectors after arrival. Caution: Avoid recruiters promising job switches as it can lead to deportation and legal actions.
  • Comfortable Housing
    You have a right to proper housing. Your employer must ensure your housing meets specific standards from the start of your employment until 7 days after it concludes. Housing Criteria: Your housing must meet specific guidelines to ensure your comfort and well-being. These guidelines cover various aspects such as space, amenities and safety measures. Essential Facilities: Your housing should include necessary facilities such as sinks, kitchen counters and appropriate heating. Caregiver Housing: If you're in the caregiving sector, suitable housing will be provided within the residence of the person you're caring for.
  • National Flag
    The flag of Israel features two horizontal blue stripes with a blue Star of David in the centre. It symbolises Jewish identity and heritage, representing resilience, unity and commitment to values.
  • Major Cities
    The cities of Israel, including its capital, Jerusalem, alongside Tel Aviv, Haifa, Beersheba, Nazareth, Eilat and Netanya, showcase a diverse urban landscape.
  • Israeli Food
    Israeli cuisine is a diverse and vibrant fusion of flavours influenced by various cultures, including Middle Eastern, Mediterranean, North African and European traditions. Some popular dishes that cater to various preferences are: Vegetarian: Tabbouleh, sabich and stuffed grape leaves. Vegan: Falafel, hummus, baba ganoush and Israeli salad. Meat: Shawarma, kebabs, schnitzel, grilled lamb or beef skewers and sabich.
  • Severance Pay (Pitzuyim)
    Navigating the intricacies of severance pay, known as "Pitzuyim" in Israel, is fundamental for workers to know. Eligibility Criteria: An employee who has worked for a single employer or at a specific workplace for at least one year is entitled to receive severance pay. Calculation: The amount of severance pay corresponds to one month's wage for each year of service with the same employer or at the same workplace. Special Circumstances: Workers may be entitled to severance pay in special circumstances such as employer bankruptcy or termination of employment due to death or liquidation of the employer. General Extension Order: All Israeli employers are subject to a binding general extension order concerning pensions.
  • Clothing
    Attire in Israel varies widely based on culture, religion and context. Casual wear for both men and women include jeans, t-shirts and comfortable shoes, while business attire leans towards suits. Different cultures and communities have distinct clothing traditions, with modest dressing being common in religious contexts.
  • Indian Recruitment Agencies (Iras) For Work Opportunities in Israel
    Indian workers seeking jobs in Israel can connect with NSDC International and Indian Recruitment Agencies (IRAs) registered with it. IRAs function as intermediaries that facilitate job placements, travel arrangements and contract details in Israel. Responsibilities of IRAs Obtain necessary travel documents and arrange pre-departure courses and medical exams. Explain employment contract terms and conditions. Provide the original contract of employment. Ensure repatriation if medically unfit or if employment specifications aren't met. Identifying Licensed IRAs Verify authenticity through the Ministry of External Affairs website. Check for a valid registration certificate prominently displayed. Confirm office premises meet requirements with essential amenities. Complaints against IRAs Lodge complaints with the Protector General of Emigrants (PGE) or through the eMigrate website(www.emigrate.gov.in).
  • Unemployment Regulations
    Familiarizing yourself with Israel's unemployment regulations is essential for those working there, as it can mitigate potential financial or mental hardships. Within 90 days from leaving your previous employment, you have the opportunity to find and register for new employment with a licensed employer in the sector mentioned on your B/1 visa. Failing to register as a legally employed worker within these 90 days requires you to leave Israel. If this isn't followed, you might face detention and possible deportation.
  • Consular Support and Services
    The Embassy of India in Israel, located in Tel Aviv, offers consular and diplomatic services to Indian citizens and the Indian community. First and foremost, getting yourself registered with the consulate is a must. They are the ones responsible for shelter, legal assistance, repatriation, etc. They offer support services including visa & passport assistance, birth and death registration, Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) application among others. For assistance, Indians can visit the Embassy website (https://www.indembassyisrael.gov.in/) or register on the MADAD portal (https://portal2.madad.gov.in/) for grievance redressal on issues like compensation, imprisonment and repatriation. Embassy Address: Embassy of India, HaYarkon St 140, Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel - 63451
  • Climate
    Israel's climate varies from Mediterranean along the coast to desert-like conditions inland. Summers are hot, especially in the Jordan Valley and Eilat, while winters are mild with some areas experiencing snow, like Jerusalem. Rainfall mainly occurs from November to March, with temperatures ranging from 5-40°C (41-104°F) across the country.
  • Registered Status with PIBA
    To know your registered status with PIBA, follow these steps: Visit the PIBA website: Go to the PIBA website and locate "Online information for foreign workers and their employers." Access the online portal: Click the "get info" button on the page and choose the "foreign workers" option. Complete the form: Fill out the "Information – foreign workers" form that appears on the screen. View your information: Click on "view information" to access your registered status with PIBA. For foreign caregivers in the caregiving sector, specific rules are in place to safeguard the well-being of elderly and disabled employers.
  • Transportation
    Discovering Israel is made easy with its robust public transportation system, linking major cities and urban areas seamlessly. From buses and trains to light rail systems, getting around is convenient and accessible. Real-time apps also ensure smooth travels, with updates on routes and schedules. Moovit: Real-time schedules and routes for buses, trains and light rails. Google Maps: Navigation and public transportation info across Israel. Waze: Real-time traffic updates for urban driving. Rav-Kav: Manage your travel card and plan bus/train journeys. Gett: Book taxis and private car rides. Coca-Cola Tel-Aviv Bikes: Rent bikes for city exploration. Egged Buses: Check schedules and routes for buses. Israel Railways: Info on train schedules and stations. Jerusalem Light Rail App: Real-time updates for the light rail system.
  • Rights and Responsibilities as a Migrant Worker
    In Israel, specific regulations govern the employment of foreign workers to protect both employees and employers. These regulations ensure that foreign workers are employed legally and enjoy certain rights and protections during their time there. Employer Permits: Only employers possessing valid employment permits from the Population and Immigration Authority (PIBA) are permitted to hire foreign workers. These permits are essential to regulate the employment of foreign workers and prevent unauthorized practices. Indian Workers: Indian workers with valid B/1 visas and permits issued by PIBA for their relevant sector can be employed by licensed employers. These permits serve as proof of authorization to work in Israel and ensure legal employment conditions. Employment Registration: Licensed Indian employers must complete the registration of your employment following PIBA procedures specific to your sector before your work begins. Registration ensures compliance with regulatory requirements and authorizes your work in Israel. Full-time Employment: You are eligible for full-time employment only with your legal employer. Engaging in part-time work as an Indian worker is not permitted, preventing exploitation and ensuring stable employment conditions. Work Restrictions: You are permitted to work solely for your currently registered and licensed employer. Under no circumstances should you engage in work for any other employer, even during breaks, holidays, rest days or beyond regular working hours. Consequences of Violation: Violation of this rule may lead to deportation if you are found working for an employer other than your registered one. Employers who unlawfully employ foreign workers might face fines or criminal charges as per the law.
  • Social Etiquettes
    When visiting Israel, demonstrating cultural sensitivity is vital. Show respect for religious sites by dressing modestly and adhering to any guidelines. Be considerate during the Jewish Sabbath by refraining from activities that could disrupt religious observances. Practice discretion in more conservative neighbourhoods and adhere to kosher dietary observances by being aware of kosher food options. Request permission before taking photos of people, especially in sensitive contexts. Engage in conversations with cultural and religious sensitivity, avoiding contentious topics. Keep in mind that tipping, language courtesy and respect for business hours contribute to a positive experience. By embracing local customs, you can ensure a harmonious and respectful stay in Israel.
  • Social Security Safety
    Your employer is responsible for opening a file in your name at the National Insurance Institute. National Insurance Institute: It offers coverage for work injuries, maternity, unpaid wages and severance pay in cases of employer bankruptcy. Work Injury Coverage: If you're injured at work, file a claim with the National Insurance Institute for medical treatment and compensation.
  • Time Difference
    Indian Standard Time typically precedes Israel Standard Time by 3.5 to 4.5 hours, with Israel observing Daylight Saving Time potentially reducing the difference to 2.5 to 3.5 hours.
  • Currency
    The currency of Israel is the New Israeli Shekel (ILS). As of April 2024, 1 New Israeli Shekel is equivalent to 22.22 Indian Rupees (INR).
  • Exploring Immigration To Israel
    Israel's cordial relationship with India provides a fertile ground for skilled Indian workers to flourish. With collaborative efforts in technology, agriculture and defense, Israel's innovative ecosystem offers ample opportunities for professional growth. The synergy between the two nations, bolstered by shared values and cultural affinities, fosters an ideal environment for Indian professionals to integrate and thrive, making Israel a preferred destination for career advancement and cross-cultural exchanges.
  • Distance Between India & Israel
    The distance between India and Israel is approximately 4,500 to 5,500 kilometres, with flight durations ranging from 6 to 8 hours, depending on the specific cities and airline routes.
  • Comprehensive Government Support for Overseas Workers
    The Government of India, through various initiatives under the Ministry of External Affairs, offers comprehensive support to individuals planning to work abroad. These initiatives collectively reflect the government's commitment to safeguarding the interests and well-being of its citizens working overseas. e-Migrate: The e-Migrate website assists individuals planning to work in Israel by capturing emigrant data online, verifying employer credentials, generating employment contracts and providing emigrant insurance through Parvasi Bhartiya Bima Yojana. Pravasi Bharatiya Sahayta Kendra (PBSK): PBSK serves as a facilitation centre for those seeking employment abroad, offering complaint registration and information services. It includes Kshetriya Pravasi Sahayata Kendra (KPSKs) for face-to-face assistance and operates a 24x7 helpline. Protector General of Emigrants (PGE): PGE, under the Ministry of External Affairs, safeguards Indian workers going abroad, granting emigration clearance, inspecting emigrant conveyances and addressing emigrant grievances, including post-return assistance. Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PKVY): PKVY is a skill development initiative offering industry-relevant training in sectors like domestic work, retail, tourism, healthcare and security, with 16 Integrated Skill Development Centres (IISCs) nationwide. Pravasi Bharatiya Bima Yojana (PBBY): PBBY provides insurance coverage for emigrants before applying for emigration clearance, offering benefits such as accidental death coverage, repatriation facilities, medical cover and maternity expenses. Indian Community Welfare Fund (ICWF): ICWF offers support to overseas Indian workers, including boarding, medical care, legal assistance, air passage and assistance with fines or penalties. It also aids in transporting mortal remains to India or arranging local cremation/burial.
  • Greetings and Phrases
    Peace/ Hello/ Goodbye - SHALOM Nice to meet you - NA–EEM MEOD Good morning - BOKER TOV Response to good morning - BOKER OR Good evening - EREV TOV Good night - LAILA TOV Congratulations! - MAZAL TOV Good - TOV Very good - TOV MEOD, YOFFEE, EYZEH YOFFEE How are things? - MA NEESHMA? Ok, fine - BE’SEDER Please, you're welcome - BEVAKASHA Thank you - TODAH My pleasure - A’LO DAVAR Wait a moment - ROCK REYGA See you again/later - LEHITRA’OT Happy birthday - YOM HOOLEDET SAMEACH
  • Q6: What documents do I need to open a bank account in Israel?
    To open a bank account in Israel, you'll need several essential documents. These include a valid passport, a valid visa or work permit and proof of address in Israel, which can be demonstrated through a rental agreement or utility bill. You may also need to provide your tax identification number if applicable, along with proof of employment, such as an employment contract or a letter from your employer.
  • Q1: What are the main sectors offering employment opportunities for migrant workers in Israel?
    Migrant workers in Israel often find employment opportunities in sectors such as caregiving, agriculture, hotel housekeeping, construction and specialized expertise like ethnic cuisine. It's essential to understand the regulatory framework governing these sectors before seeking employment.
  • Q3: How do I handle financial matters such as remittances and currency exchange while working in Israel?
    Managing financial matters while working in Israel involves various considerations. Migrant workers can explore options for remittances through reputable international money transfer services or banks. It is also advisable to monitor exchange rates and consider factors such as fees and exchange policies when converting currency.
  • Q2: How can I ensure that I comply with visa regulations?
    To comply with visa regulations in Israel, it's crucial to obtain a valid work visa (B/1) through Israeli Consulates or PIBA. Ensure that your employment is registered with PIBA and adhere to the specified terms and conditions of your visa, including sector restrictions and extension procedures. Violation of visa regulations can lead to detention and deportation.
  • Q4: How does Israel handle taxes for migrant workers and what are the obligations in terms of tax filing?
    Migrant workers in Israel are typically subject to taxation on their income, similar to Israeli citizens and residents. It's essential to understand tax obligations, including income tax rates, deductions and filing deadlines. Seeking guidance from tax professionals or employers can help ensure compliance with Israeli tax laws.
  • Q5: How do I open a bank account in Israel as a migrant Indian worker?
    To open a bank account, choose a bank, gather required documents like your passport and visa, visit the bank to fill out an application form, undergo document verification, choose an account type, receive account details, activate your account and deposit funds to start using it.
  • Transportation
    Qatar offers a plethora of transportation options. Public Transportation The public transportation in Qatar includes Doha Metro, Lusail Tram & Mowasalat Bus Service. Qatar Rail . Doha Metro: The Doha Metro, located in the capital city, consists of three lines (red, green, and gold) and connects various city parts. · Lusail Tram: Situated just north of Doha, the Lusail Tram network links destinations within Lusail to Doha via the Doha Metro. · Tickets and Passes: Options include single journey tickets, daily passes, or travel cards, purchasable from vending machines at stations. · Feeder Service: To enhance Qatar Rail customer connectivity: o Metrolink: A free feeder bus service within a 2-to-5-km radius of Doha Metro stations, requiring a QR Code for access, available on the Karwa Journey Planner App. o Metroexpress: An on-demand ride-sharing service offering flexibility with a fleet of 7-seater vans, accessible via the Karwa Taxi App from ten metro and seven Lusail tram stations. Bus Services Mowasalat, Qatar's public transport operator, manages the bus service across Doha and its suburbs, linking major city areas and beyond. Detailed bus routes are accessible on the Mowasalat website or via this link: https://www.mowasalat.com/English/Our-Services/Bus-Routes. To use the Karwa public buses, passengers need a Karwa Smart Card, available from vending machines at key locations like Hamad International Airport, Doha Bus Station, The Pearl Qatar, and Qatar Mall, as well as from select retail partners. The cards come in three varieties: . Classic Card (Cost: INR.685): A rechargeable option for frequent travellers. · Limited Card, 24hr (Cost: INR.230): Valid for two trips within 24 hours of activation. · Unlimited Card, 24hr (Cost: INR.450): Offers unlimited travel within 24 hours of purchase. Personal Transportation Taxis · Karwa Taxis: Official taxis in Qatar, available in Doha and other cities, offering metered and pre-booked services with regulated fares. · Ride-Hailing Services: Apps like Uber and Careem provide an alternative to traditional taxis, allowing users to book rides with upfront fare calculation. Personal Vehicles In Qatar, a significant number of residents favour personal vehicles due to the well-developed road infrastructure, featuring modern highways and roads. Yet, traffic congestion during rush hours is a frequent challenge.
  • Time
    India is 2 hours and 30 minutes ahead of Qatar. 1:00PM in QATAR would be 3:30 PM in India (IST).
  • How to work in Qatar
    The State of Qatar is keen on employing human resources that support its development journey and contribute to flourishing its diversified economy. The Ministry of Labour is the official authority for employment resources in Qatar. Embarking on a career in Qatar as an expatriate presents a wealth of opportunities, particularly in fields like construction, engineering, oil and gas, finance, healthcare, and education. However, there are a few factors to consider before making the big move.
  • Requirements for Working in Qatar
    Qatar offers a world of opportunities for people looking to work in the country. You will need to following to apply for a job in Qatar. a. A valid passport (You can apply for a passport online or at a Passport Seva Kendra (PSK)) b. Certificate of academic and professional qualifications c. Proof of prior qualifications d. English language proficiency e. Approved contract of employment f. Health certificate g. Work and residence permit
  • National Day
    Qatar observes its National Day each year on December 18, commemorating Sheikh Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani's succession to his father in 1878.
  • Things to consider before moving to Qatar
    There are three main types of costs of migration involved in working in Qatar: Economic, Social and Health. I. The Economic cost of migration Migrating to Qatar for work requires financial support for visas, passports, clearance, and recruitment agency fees, with additional costs for rural individuals using urban agencies. Document needs vary by job requirements. Also, Indian ECR-category workers have to use the e-Migrate system for GCC countries . Caution against fraud is advised; recruitment fees are legally capped at Rs 20,000, with higher charges reportable on e-Migrate or MADAD portals. However, a point to note is; expenses other than the recruitment fee are supposed to be paid by the employer, or the agency has to collect them from the employer later. These expenses include: 1. Cost of medical examination for visa 2. Cost of medical examination prescribed by employer 3. Visa fees 4. Air fare from India to the destination country 5. Initial hotel stay at the destination country 6. Any other cost associated with overseas employment So, exercise caution and weigh your options carefully before giving your recruiting agent any money. II. The Social Cost of Migration Let’s look at some of the social costs of migration. • Elderly: Migration can boost elderly financial support through increased remittances, but often leads to loneliness and unmet care needs due to the absence of their children. • Spouse: Migration often leads to distance between spouses which may result in familial and psychological challenges . III. Health Cost of Migration Moving to another country for work, may result in some health issues due to lack of knowledge or change in environment. Let’s get into the details. Migrants may face health issues such as stomach problems, headaches, muscle pains, injuries, and lung diseases due to dietary changes, long work hours, unsafe conditions, and exposure to toxins. Obtaining a medical certificate before departure is crucial to ensure employers cover any work-related medical expenses. Apart from physical problems, migrants face some biases like: 1. Local workers or residents may discriminate against migrants on the basis of race or nationality. 2. Employers may favour local workers and may treat migrants poorly and pay them less. 3. Women migrants also face discrimination based on their gender. 4. Many migrant workers fall into the low-skilled or semi-skilled category and are often accorded a low social status based on the work they do. Because of this, migrant workers may face the following psychological problems. a. Depression: Could be due to poor living and working conditions. b. Psychosis: The ability to think, talk and communicate effectively may be affected. c. Homesickness: The feeling of missing your home so much that all you think about is being back home. It’s quite common for migrants miss the comfort of their home and community. Here are a few ways to tackle homesickness. 1. Try to focus on the new things you get to experience. 2. Keep in touch with your family and friends. 3. Ensure you eat properly and stay healthy. 4. Try to find a hobby outside work. 5. Talk to people you work with in the new country, and try to make some friends. 6. Take one or two things that will remind you of your home when you leave to go to another country. IV. Health and Safety Your employer, whether a company or an individual, is not permitted to subject you to hazardous working conditions, including: a. Small spaces with not enough air or light b. With unsafe machines c. Places with toxic chemicals, gases and other substances that harm you. d. Places that are extremely hot or cold, enough to seriously hurt you. e. Workplaces without equipment like hard hats for construction work. You must receive proper training before being subjected to any physical work that may cause physical harm. Moreover, if a workplace possesses threat to your wellbeing, you may refuse to return to work unless the situation is fixed.
  • Getting insured moving the big move
    Before moving abroad, it’s important to get insured. Here are a few options to explore. 1. Pravasi Bharatiya Bima Yojana (PBBY) Before seeking Emigration clearance on eMigrate, applicants must take the Pravasi Bharatiya Bima Yojana (PBBY) insurance, available for Rs. 275 or Rs. 375. Benefits of PBBY Air Fare for Attendant: Economy class return air fare up to the nearest international airport in India. Repatriation expenses: Actual one-way economy class air fare up to the nearest international airport in India. Medical cover: Medical cover in case of hospitalization of the Insured worker-up to Rs. 100000 (Rs. 50000 per hospitalization in each case with maximum up to two). Hospitalization cover: Hospitalization cover to family in event of death or permanent disability of insured person-Up to Rs. 50000. Maternity Expenses: Rs. 35000 in case of normal delivery and Rs. 50000 in case of Caesarean operation. Legal Expenses: Rs. 45000/- Rs. 10 Lakhs in case of accidental death and permanent disability. Repatriation facilities in case of death: Cost of transportation of the mortal remains to India. 2. Indian Community Welfare Fund (ICWF) The Indian Community Welfare Fund (ICWF), established in 2009, provides critical support to Overseas Indians in emergencies and is available at all Indian Missions and Posts abroad. ICWF can assist you in situations like: Boarding and lodging for deserving distressed Indian nationals abroad on a means tested basis in budget category or shelters run by Mission/Post or NGOs empanelled with Mission. Air passage to India to stranded Overseas Indian nationals Legal Assistance on a means tested basis to deserving overseas Indian nationals who have committed minor crimes, offences or have been falsely implicated by their employer and put in jails; fishermen/seamen/sailors/Indian students in distress; Legal/financial assistance to Indian women abandoned/ cheated / abused by their NRI/PIO or foreign spouses (up to seven years after their marriage). Payment for small fines and penalties in respect of Indian nationals for minor offences/crimes; for illegal stay in the host country where prima facie the worker is not at fault, and to enable release of Indian nationals from jail/detention center Transportation of Mortal Remains and expenditure on incidentals of deceased Indian national to India or local cremation/burial of deceased in such cases where the employer, sponsor or insurance company is unable or unwilling to do so as per the contract and the family is unable to meet the cost. Emergency Medical Care on assessed needs of the migrants to overseas Indians who are involved in an accident (with serious life-threatening injuries) have life-threatening medical conditions or suffer a serious disability.
  • Population
    As per the May 2022 census report, the total population of Qatar was 2.8 million.
  • Currency
    The Qatari Riyal (QAR) is the currency of Qatar. The exchange parity has been set at the fixed rate of QAR 1 = 22.90 INR.
  • Religion
    According to Qatar's Constitution, Islam is the state's official religion, with Sharia (Islamic Law) being the foundation of its legal system. The religious composition in Qatar is predominantly Muslim at 65.2%, followed by Hindu (15.9%), Christian (13.7%), and Buddhist (3.8%). Other religions, including folk, Jewish, and various unspecified beliefs , each constitute less than 1% of the population as of 2020 estimates.
  • Indian Community in Qatar
    The Indian community, making up 25% or about 835,000 of Qatar's population, is among the largest expat groups there, encompassing professionals, labourers, and businesspeople. They work across sectors like construction, healthcare, and IT, and actively engage in cultural, religious, and community events through social groups and associations. Access to Indian schools, cultural centers, and places of worship supports their cultural and religious practices. Some Indian Organizations in Qatar are: 1. Bangiya Parishad Qatar (BPQ) 2. Bihar Johar Sanskritik Parishad (BJSP) 3. Kerala Muslim Cultural Centre (KMCC) 4. Kerala Social and Cultural Association (KSCA) 5. One India Association (OIA), Doha Qatar 6. Uttarakhand Association of Qatar Follow the link to see the list of Indian organizations in Qatar affiliated with the Embassy of India, Doha. https://www.iccqatar.com/affiliatedbodies
  • Indian Embassy in Qatar
    The Embassy of India in Doha supports the Indian community in Qatar, offering consular services, cultural events, and welfare programs. With over 800,000 Indians forming Qatar's largest expat group across various sectors, their contributions are highly valued. The embassy prioritizes their welfare, with a dedicated wing addressing and tracking grievances. Here are a few notable things. 1. Open House: Held on the last Thursday of each month, this event allows Indian nationals to present grievances directly to the Ambassador and embassy officers. 2. Consular Camps: Regularly organized in cities outside Doha, these camps serve the needs of Indian nationals residing in those areas. 3. Labour and Community Welfare Wing: This dedicated wing of the embassy systematically registers and follows up on grievances reported by the community. 4. Embassy closed on Friday & Saturday 5. Embassy working hours: 8.00 am - 4.30 pm. 6. Consular Section working hours: 8.00 am to 4.15 pm Address Embassy of India, Doha Villa No 86 & 90, Street No. 941, Al Eithra Street, Zone 63, Onaiza, P.O. Box 2788, Doha - Qatar Telephone Number (+974) 4425 5777
  • The Qatari Economy
    Qatar's economy, driven by major infrastructure projects, attracts many Indian expatriates, including skilled professionals and laborers, crucial to its development. Bilateral agreements, notably the 1985 Labour Manpower Agreement and the 2019 Recognition of Professional and Trade Qualifications, facilitate this exchange. A few things to note about Qatar’s economy include: 1. Qatar boasts a stable, competitive economy with above-average growth, underpinned by high per capita income, substantial hydrocarbon reserves, and robust economic fundamentals. 2. Despite COVID-19 challenges, Qatar's economy showed resilience and a positive trajectory, with early indicators pointing to vigorous economic activity and strong business conditions. 3. As the world's second-largest natural gas exporter, Qatar significantly contributes to global energy security and maintains strong trade connections globally through its diversified economy. 4. With prudent fiscal management, Qatar exhibits high fiscal flexibility and is projected to have the strongest fiscal balance in the GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) countries . 5. The smooth workforce mobility ensures welfare for Indian workers in Qatar and simplifies qualification recognition for professionals seeking opportunities there.
  • Do’s and Don’ts of living in Qatar
  • National Anthem
    Qatar's national anthem, As-Salam al-Amiri, was penned by poet Mubarak bin Saif Al Thani and established in December 1996.
  • Language
    Arabic is the official language of the country. However, English is widely spoken across the country and is regarded as its second language.
  • Accommodation & Living Costs
    Companies or sponsors typically provide housing or a housing allowance for employees, allowing them to choose their preferred accommodation. Accommodation types include flats, serviced apartments, and villas, available both furnished and unfurnished. Rent varies by type and location, with high-end areas being Lusail City, The Pearl Island, and Msheireb Downtown Doha. The Pearl Island rent ranges from INR 137,400 - INR 206,100 per month. More economical options in areas like Al Duhail and Al Thumama, with studio rents between INR 34,350 - INR 57,250 found on OLX in Al Wakra and Al Khor, further from central Doha.
  • Official holidays in Qatar
    Friday and Saturday are weekend in Qatar. Apart from that, following are the official holidays in Qatar. a. Qatar National Day: December 18 (annually) b. National Sport Day on Tuesday of the second week of February (annually) c. The holy Eid Al-Fitr d. The holy Eid Al-Adha
  • Major Cities
    Doha, as the capital, is the center of government, commercial, and financial activities. Over half of the population resides here. The city is also recognized as a significant cultural center, housing numerous museums and educational institutions. Apart from the capital, some other major cities include: Al Wakrah Al Khor Al Shamal Dukhan Msaieed Ras Laffan
  • Benefits of moving to Qatar
    Here a few reasons why people choose to move to Qatar. 1. A higher wage and currency exchange value for low to semi-skilled workers. 2. The Government of India has set Minimum Referral Wages (MRWS) and allowances for migrant workers leaving for the ECR countries (Emigration Check Required). These vary from job to job, sector to sector and country to country. 3. Higher earnings open the gate for future savings. 4. Interest earned on NRE accounts is tax-free. 5. Better skills, experience, and internationally-recognised certifications opens more opportunities. 6. Strict contractual obligations of the employer with regard to payment of wages.
  • Employment Contract
    Before departing, ensure your employer provides a signed contract containing all work details, accommodation, and benefits. The contract outlines the duties and responsibilities of both you, the worker, and your employer. Keep a copy with your family or a friend and retain one for yourself. Having your job offer letter or contract authenticated by an Indian Embassy and signed by the employer and an Embassy officer ensures a guaranteed minimum salary. Upon arrival in Qatar, you might be requested to sign the original contract. Prior to signing, carefully review and understand all mentioned terms, seeking assistance if needed from someone you trust. If presented with a second contract in Qatar, confirm that its contents and terms align with the initial contract from India. If uncertain, seek guidance from the Indian Embassy. An employment contract may be for a limited or unlimited period. A limited employment contract (fixed-term contract) is for a maximum period of five years, whereas the unlimited contract has a commencement date only. Most Indian workers have a contract for a limited term, usually two years, which can be extended. There is no such thing as a “free visa” in Qatar. Every visa is issued in the name of a sponsor, and you are supposed to work under that sponsor (an individual or company). Any violation will lead to severe legal proceedings, with a hefty fine, imprisonment and deportation. Your employer must provide you with accommodation that meets your basic needs. Most employers provide their workers with accommodation facilities for free. Check your contract or inquire with your employer to find out if you are entitled to free accommodation or if you need to pay for it. Most employers provide their workers with food for free or a food allowance. Check your contract or inquire with your employer to find out if you are entitled to food or if you need to pay for it. What should your employment contract include? Your employment contract should include the following details: 1. Your name, passport number, nationality, profession, qualification, residence. 2. Your employer's name, company address and/or location of your work. 3. Contract commencement date and the terms and conditions of the employment. 4. Duration of the contract and details of the initial probation period (not more than six months). 5. Your job responsibilities and working hours and overtime, if any. 6. Basic salary and allowances, including food and accommodation facilities. 7. How the overtime pay is calculated. 8. Information on medical coverage or insurance. 9. Duration of annual leave and entitled holiday or leave days (medical or maternity leave) and terms for airplane tickets. 10. End-of-service benefits. 11. Termination and renewal terms of the contract.
  • Distance between Qatar and India
    The direct flight distance or straight-line distance between New Delhi, India, and Doha, Qatar is approximately 2565 km, with a travel time of around 4 hours and 30 minutes.
  • Flag of Qatar
    Qatar's national flag features maroon and white colours. The white represents peace, while the maroon reflects the bloodshed in 19th-century wars. The nine-point serrated line signifies Qatar's status as the ninth member of the Reconciled Emirates in the Arabian Gulf, following the 1916 Qatari-British treaty. This layout was officially recorded by the British Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1931.
  • Location
    Qatar, a peninsula on the Arabian Peninsula's eastern coast, spans about 100km in width and stretches 200km into the Gulf. It encompasses several islands, including Halul, Shraouh, and Al-Asshat, and shares a southern border with Saudi Arabia, along with maritime boundaries with Bahrain, the UAE, and Iran.
  • Labour Rights & Responsibilities in Qatar
    You are entitled to respect and the protection of your human rights, irrespective of your legal status in a country. This section will inform you about your rights and responsibilities while working in Qatar, helping you to protect yourself from those seeking to take advantage of your position as a migrant worker. Migrant’s Rights in Qatar Migrants Rights in Qatar have seen an improvement, including changes to the kafala system and labour laws. The reforms aim to enhance working conditions, abolish exit permits, and set standards for accommodation. The following rights are extended to migrants in Qatar in order to safeguard their interests: 1. Abolition of Kafala System The Kafala system is a sponsorship system wherein the migrant worker is the complete responsibility of their employer (also known as the sponsor, or kafeel), both financially and legally. Your legal status to live and work in the country is fully dependent on your employer, and you cannot leave or enter the country without the employer's permission. The Kafala system was abolished in 2019. However, reforms are poorly enforced. 2. Document Protection You have the right to keep your essential documents (passport, visa, work permit) with you. Do not surrender original documents to your employer or recruitment agent. Your employer should provide you with a residence permit. 3. Minimum Wage & facilities In March 2021, Qatar introduced a minimum wage of QAR 1,000, which applies to all employees across all sectors in Qatar, including domestic workers. The employer must additionally provide QAR 500 per month for accommodation and QAR 300 per month for food unless provided by their employer. You're entitled to the stipulated pay and accommodation facilities as per the employment contract. Monthly wages should be in local currency (riyal) and deposited in your bank account. Payment for completed work is non-negotiable even in case of arrest, resignation, or dismissal. 4. Leave, Health Benefits & Public Holidays After a year of continuous service, you're entitled to annual leave. Payment is due for the days of leave not taken. Medical leave can be taken with a doctor's certificate. Notify your employer promptly and access health benefits through your health card. You are entitled to full pay during official holidays 5. Rights of Movement and Rest You are free to explore the city in your free time, but always carry your ID card. You have the right to one day off each week, typically on Friday , with additional compensation if you agree to work. 6. Working Hours Rest time of at least one hour within five hours of starting work. Refusal of overtime is permissible with specific regulations for extra pay. Shift workers have different rules, and during Ramadan, working hours are reduced. 7. Salary Deductions Your employer cannot make deductions from your wages except in the following cases: If you have taken an advance (deduction at any one time should not be more than 10% of your salary). If you violate the rules and regulations of the workplace (a fine for single offence should not exceed five days' salary in a month); or If you cause loss, damage or destruction of tools or machinery due to your fault (such deduction must not be more than five days' salary each month). Your employer cannot reduce your salary for the entire contract duration. Your employer cannot make any other deductions from your salary, including for medical insurance fees, insurance premiums, work permit costs, etc. 8. Wage Protection System The Government of Qatar introduced the Wage Protection System (WPS) in 2015. More than 1.3 million workers are registered in the system, substantially strengthening the protection of wages in the country. The WPS has also significantly increased the Government’s ability to intervene in the long-standing issue of wage disputes, in the interest of workers and employers, and resolve matters in a more transparent and fair manner. To protect workers from manipulation of their financial entitlements. To enable Ministry of Administrative Development, Labour and Social Affairs (ADLSA) to continuously review and compare the data of employees with the data in its possession to ensure compliance with the provisions of the Labour Law. To minimize legal disputes between parties with regard to payment of wages, while increasing efficiency in dealing with such disputes. To assist the judiciary in issuing judgments and settling disputes concerning employees’ entitlements. To promote the principle of human rights in the State of Qatar. To enhance security and stability by creating a safe working environment (as the system spares workers and employers the need to keep cash at the workplace, it precludes an obvious risk of loss or theft) 9. No-Objection Certificates Employees will no longer require No-Objection Certificates to terminate their contracts. Employees have the ability to pursue new opportunities in Qatar. Employees will be able to terminate their contract providing at least one month’s written notice if they have worked with the employer for two years or less, or two months’ notice if they have worked with the employer for over two years. Employees can be placed on probation for a period agreed upon with their employer, as long as the period of probation is no more than six months from the date their work commenced. In the case that employees had access to sensitive information, the employer can stipulate that the employee cannot compete with them on any projects or work within a year of ending the contract. 10. The Cancelling of Exit Permissions The law now allows almost all migrant workers in Qatar – including domestic workers – to leave the country without first obtaining permission from their employers, except for military personnel. In order to protect the rights of both employers and domestic workers, domestic workers must notify employers at least 72 hours prior to their departure. The decision also stipulates that the employer has the right to submit a prior reasoned request to the Ministry of Interior including the names of those whom they deem necessary to obtain prior approval before leaving the country due to the nature of their work, provided that it does not exceed 5% of employees. 11. Health & safety The State of Qatar has mandated private health insurance for all expatriates in the public and private sectors. Employers and sponsors must enrol their non-Qatari employees and their family members onto the mandatory health insurance scheme through contracts with insurance companies registered with Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) and provide basic health services. Health insurance is a necessary condition for the granting or renewal of residence permits and employment of expatriates. 12. Heat Stress Protection Workers must have access to heat stress training, access to personal protection equipment, and annual health checks. From 1 June to 15 September, you should not work in outdoor workplaces between 10 am and 3:30 pm. Outdoor workplaces are those in which workers are exposed to extreme weather conditions: the heat, humidity and the sun. All work must stop if the wet-bulb globe temperature (WBGT) rises beyond 32.1, taking into consideration more than ambient temperature. 13. Joint Committees The conditions and procedures for the election of worker representatives in Joint Committees have been regulated. Workers in companies with 30 or more employees can elect their own representatives. Joint Committees bring together representatives of management and facility workers into regular communication over workplace issues. This includes topics such as the organization of work, ways to increase production and development, workers’ training programmes, risk prevention tools, and ways to improve the level of adherence to occupational safety and health rules. 14. Workers’ Support and Insurance Fund The fund protects workers from the impact of overdue or unpaid wages in instances where the employer has gone out of business or been forced to close due to illegal activity. 15. Labour Dispute Resolution Committees In March 2018, Qatar established Labour Dispute Resolution Committees with the aim of improving access to justice by settling labour disputes within three weeks of a migrant worker filing a complaint. 16. Grievances Reporting The government also has channels available for individuals to report grievances against their employer. A 24/7 hotline has been set-up for workers and 11 electronic kiosks have been set-up in locations across Qatar (operating in 11 languages) for workers to file anonymous complaints. Migrants’ Responsibilities in Qatar As a migrant in Qatar, you bear the responsibility to comply with the laws and regulations of the country and respecting its cultural norms and values. You are also responsible for contributing positively to the Qatari society. You should take proactive steps to understand and adhere to local customs. Some of your responsibilities in Qatar are: 1. Abide by Rules You must abide by the rules and regulations of your workplace. The regulations typically are displayed in a visible area in the workplace. You must learn the basic norms and laws of Qatar, including traffic rules. For example, you must always use the zebra crossing or the overhead bridge to cross a road. 2. Informing Employer About Leaves If you want to take leave from your job (for personal reasons or vacation), make sure you inform your employer beforehand. Taking an extended leave without telling your employer could be cause for terminating your contract. Take care of your health. If you are sick and cannot go to work, go for a check-up and take a rest. But remember to inform your employer or supervisor as soon as possible and obtain a medical certificate (report) after the check-up. 3. Taking Care of your Health Many workers die from cardiac arrest due to simultaneous exposure to extreme heat and extreme cold. If you work outdoors, do not turn the air conditioner very high immediately after returning to your room. Take precautions to avoid contacting HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. 4. Engagement in Prohibited Activities Do not consume illegal drugs or alcohol, Do not gamble or engage in political events. These activities are banned and considered unlawful in Qatar. 5. Returning to India You must return to your country once your contract expires. If you are dismissed (fired) or if you are declared unfit for work, you might be repatriated to India. Your employer must provide you with a return airplane ticket unless you resign or are dismissed. If your contract mentions it, your employer may also provide you an airplane ticket to travel for your annual leave. Customs regulations You should follow the custom regulations of Qatar when going into the country. Tobacco allowance: 400 cigarettes. Personal items and gifts up to a maximum value of INR 68,700. Imports of alcohol and narcotics are prohibited.
  • Dress Code
    Women: · Qatari women usually cover most of the body, from head to foot, wearing a traditional black over garment (abaya). · Foreign women can wear western dresses. However, they must dress conservatively. Men: · Arab men dress in a thobe, a loose, ankle-length robe. They usually opt for casual wear during informal occasions or at the beach. · Foreign men are not expected to dress similarly. However, they should avoid wearing shorts and sleevless shirts in public.
  • India and Qatar: a resourceful relationship
    India and Qatar's evolving partnership, grounded in historical ties and mutual respect, has grown from traditional trade to a strong, modern collaboration across energy, infrastructure, and technology sectors. The substantial Indian diaspora in Qatar further strengthens this bond, fostering cultural exchange and solidifying personal connections. This dynamic relationship offers exciting opportunities for Indian professionals in a land that champions growth and diversity.
  • Climate
    Qatar experiences a subtropical desert climate, characterized by minimal annual rainfall, hot and humid summers, and mild winters with average yearly rainfall not surpassing 75.2mm. Summer temperatures typically vary between 25°C and 46°C.
  • Qatar: working hours
    Ministries and Government Departments: From 7 a.m. to 2 p.m Private Companies and Establishments: From 8 a.m. to 12 p.m. and from 4 p.m. to 8 p.m. Friday and Saturday are the official weekend in Qatar.
  • Finding Work Opportunities
    There are two ways to find work opportunities in Qatar. 1. National Skill Development Corporation Indian workers seeking employment in Qatar can explore job opportunities through National Skill Development Corporation International’s job portal (https://www.nsdcinternational.com/looking-for-jobs). 2. Indian Recruiting Agents (RAs) Indian Recruitment Agencies (IRAs) act as intermediaries for potential workers seeking employment in Qatar. They assist in job placement, obtaining necessary travel and employment documents, and clarifying employment contract terms. Most job opportunities for migrants in Qatar are in the construction and domestic work sectors, offering salaries higher than in India, albeit with longer working hours. To avoid fraudulent agents, seek a registered agent. A Registered agent will have a Registration Certificate (RC) issued by the Protector General of Emigrants (PGE) prominently displayed at a noticeable place in their office premises. Note: RAs are not allowed to employ sub-agents. Be sure to not deal with such sub-agents. How to identify a Registered RA Here are a few indicators of a registered RA. a. Registered RAs have an office with at least 50 square meters of space, equipped with amenities like a waiting hall, interview room, and internet. b. Registered RAs have a signboard showing their name, registration number, and year of registration. c. Registered recruiting agencies can charge a maximum of Rs. 20,000 in fees from migrants needing an Emigration Clearance. Charges exceeding this amount can be reported on the e-Migrate or MADAD portal. Responsibilities of RAs (Ministry of External Affairs, 2022) 1. The RA is required to issue a receipt for any payments made by you. 2. It is obliged to provide detailed employment information, including contract conditions, prior to recruitment. 3. The RA should ensure that the employer properly receives you upon arrival in Qatar. 4. It must guarantee that the employer does not modify the terms of the employment contract post-employment. 5. The RA is responsible for ensuring the employer adheres to the employment contract's terms and conditions. 6. It is required to ensure the employer timely renews any documents necessary for your stay in the employment country. 7. The RA should facilitate the peaceful resolution of any disputes between you and the employer. Complaints against RAs Complaints of overcharging or cheating can be lodged with: Protector General of Emigrants (PGE) Email: pge@mea.gov.in Address: 10th Floor, Akbar Bhavan, Chankyapuri, New Delhi - 110021 eMigrate website www.emigrate.gov.in/ MADAD Portal https://madad.gov.in/AppConsular/welcomeLink
  • Living in Qatar
    Here’s everything you need to know about living in Qatar as an Indian migrant.
  • Culture
    Public life in Qatar is characterised by Qatari Majlis (gatherings), including the recitation of poetry and historical narrative. In addition, Qatar’s pearl hunting tradition was accompanied by celebrations and music that are still popular today. Qataris folkloric dances like Al Ardah are performed during various celebrations and occasions. Calligraphy and architecture have historically been the most dominant forms of visual arts in Qatar. However, in recent decades, the fine art scene has expanded quickly, with the establishment of the Qatari Fine Arts Society. The Qatar Museums Authority plays an important role in promoting cultural activities and Qatar is home to an array of museums and galleries, including the Museum of Islamic Art and Mathaf Arab Museum of Modern Art. Qatar joined the UNESCO World Heritage Committee in 2011 and is home to the World Heritage site - Al Zubarah Archaeological site. In addition, the country participates in a wide scope of cultural activities, hosting and sponsoring both local and international events.
  • Qatari Food
    Traditional Qatari cuisine, rich in spices like cinnamon, cardamom, saffron, and ingredients such as nuts, limes, and dried apricots, reflects its deep-rooted trade history with Asia and the Middle East. Some popular Qatari dishes include: Ma chbūs: Regarded as Qatar's national dish, it is a one-pot meal of slow-cooked lamb or chicken with rice often accompanied by Daqoos, a local tomato garlic sauce. Balaleet: It is a sweet and sour vermicelli breakfast dish. Made with vermicelli and sugar, cardamom, saffron, and rose water, it is often topped with an omelette. Harees: Harees, a one-pot dish of rice, lentils, and meat with a porridge-like consistency, is a hearty meal often served as an entrée or side dish. It can be mildly or heavily spiced to taste, typically with cumin, ginger, and cinnamon. Traditionally cooked over firewood, Harees is now commonly made in casseroles, rice cookers, or slow cookers. Luqaimat: Luqaimat are bite-sized, fried sweet dough dumplings, crispy outside and fluffy inside, made from semolina, flour, salt, and water, and deep-fried to a golden brown. Qatayef: Qatayef are semolina pancakes, often crescent-shaped, filled with white cheese or nuts and fried or baked, then soaked in rose sugar syrup. Popular during Ramadan, they are a common choice for breaking the fast at Iftar. Regag: Regag, a paper-thin flatbread made from wheat flour, salt, and water, is crisply baked and commonly served with toppings like fresh cheese, honey, Nutella, or curry. Shakshuka: Shakshuka, a beloved breakfast dish, features soft-cooked eggs poached in a spiced tomato sauce. Seasonings vary, with cumin, paprika, nutmeg, and red pepper flakes often used, and some recipes include fennel, coriander, garlic, onions, and peppers. Umm Ali: Umm Ali is a classic bread pudding with filo pastry, sweetened milk, and flavors like rose and orange blossom water, topped with almonds, pistachios, and raisins.
  • Labour market mobility in Qatar
    Following the adoption of the new labour laws in August 2020, migrant workers now can change jobs without needing a No Objection Certificate (NOC) from their employers. This historic move is expected to increase labour mobility as Qatar transitions towards a knowledge-based economy. For employers, this means easy hiring of skilled staff locally, while for workers this means greater flexibility.
  • Healthcare System in Qatar
    Primary Health Care Corporation (PHCC): PHCC centres offer primary healthcare services to all Qatar residents, including migrant workers. They provide general healthcare services, vaccinations, and basic medical consultations. Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC): HMC is the main provider of secondary and tertiary healthcare in Qatar. HMC manages 12 hospitals – nine specialist hospitals and three community hospitals – as well as the National Ambulance Service and home and residential care services. Private Healthcare Sector: There are private hospitals and clinics available in Qatar that cater to both locals and expatriates, but they might be more expensive. Emergencies You can dial 999 for emergency medical services, which include the police, fire department and ambulance services. Emergency operators will usually be able to speak both English and Arabic, although it’s best to learn a few basic words and phrases in Arabic. Health Cards You can apply for a health card to access services at any of PHCC’s health centres and Hamad Medical Corporation’s healthcare facilities or hospitals. To obtain a health card, visit the nearest PHCC’s health centre to your residence. There you need to fill out the appropriate forms. You will be issued a PHCC health file number. Please take with you: a. A valid Qatar Identification Card (QID), b. 4cmx3cm photo, and c. Credit/debit card to pay the 2290 INR fees. The card is the same size as a driving license. It contains your ID number, nationality, photo, and date of issue. The card does not provide free access to public healthcare services; however, it allows you to receive a subsidy on consultations or non-emergency treatments. Holders of a health card can also buy prescribed medicines from a government-run pharmacy at subsidized rates. Pharmacies Pharmacies often stay open till late into the evening and some run 24-hours. They usually operate from 9.30am until 1pm, and then from 4.30pm to 8.30pm, Saturday through Thursday.
  • Local Laws & Restrictions
    Legal Procedures and Assistance a. Qatari laws and customs differ significantly from those in India. b. If detained or arrested, inform police or prison officials to contact the Indian Embassy in Doha. Drug & Medication Regulations a. Avoid using or carrying illegal drugs due to severe penalties, including long jail terms. b. Authorities may detain and deport individuals carrying medication for HIV and hepatitis. When bringing controlled/prescription medication, use original packaging and carry the prescription. c. Avoid carrying large quantities, as some medications may be considered illegal. Alcohol Regulations a. Drinking alcohol or being drunk in public is against the law in Qatar. b. Penalties include potential imprisonment or deportation. Legal Consequences of Sexual Activities a. Sex outside of marriage is illegal, and victims of sexual assault may face legal consequences such as seven years in jail or 100 lashes. b. In case of sexual assault, seek consular help from the Indian Embassy immediately. c. Public displays of affection can result in arrest. d. Homosexual behaviour is illegal in Qatar. Dress Code and Behaviour: a. Qatar has conservative dress codes, cover shoulders and knees in public places. b. Check specific dress codes for venues such as tourist attractions, malls, and government buildings. Obscene Acts a. Swearing and rude gestures are considered obscene acts, leading to possible jail or deportation. b. Exercise caution when interacting with police and officials. Photography and Filming Regulations a. Avoid filming or photographing people without permission. b. Filming sensitive areas, including religious, military, or security sites, may lead to arrest. Online Conduct 1. Refrain from commenting on Qatari culture, government policies, or services online. 2. Activities such as reviewing hotel or restaurant experiences on social media may be considered cybercrime. 3. Financial Crimes 4. Financial crimes like fraud, bounced cheques, and non-payment of bills can lead to imprisonment and/or fines. 5. Prohibited Items 6. Forbidden imports include narcotics, alcohol, pornography, pork products, and religious books. 7. DVDs and videos are subject to scrutiny, and electronic cigarettes are prohibited. Identification • Always carry your passport in Qatar. Ramadan Etiquette • During Ramadan, refrain from eating, drinking, or smoking in public to avoid causing offense. Voting Rights of Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) a. There is no provision of voting by post or voting at an Indian Mission abroad for Indian citizens living in abroad. There is no provision of online voting. b. You can register as an Overseas/NRI voter by submitting Form 6A available on the Election Commission of India website (https://eci.gov.in/voter/overseas-electors/). You should be a citizen of India, absent from the country owing to employment and have not acquired citizenship of any other country and are otherwise eligible to be registered as a voter in the address mentioned in your passport. c. An overseas elector is not issued an EPIC. d. You will be allowed to vote in person at the polling station on production of your original passport.
  • Q. What is Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PKVY)?
    Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PKVY) offers youth industry-relevant skill training through NSDC's Skill India International Centres across the country, focusing on sectors like domestic work, retail, tourism, healthcare, and more, complemented by Pre-Departure Orientation Training for cultural, language, and local knowledge of the destination country.
  • Q. How to open an NRE Account?
    When migrating to a foreign country it is very important to keep your money safe. Bank account offers one of the safest options to keep your money safe while also earning a small interest. It is recommended that Indians migrating abroad for work should open a Non-Resident External (NRE) account in India before leaving India. Both public & private banks provide the option of opening a NRE account. You can choose banks which have a branch in Qatar like State Bank of India (SBI) or Bank of Baroda (BOB). You can use the account to send money from Qatar to your family in India. The foreign currency will be converted into Rupees. The NRE account is not taxable in India.
  • Q. How to look after your mental health while working in a foreign country?
    Moving to a new country by yourself can be a challenging change for an individual which can cause significant stress. Here are some simple ways to keep your mental health in check. 1. Give yourself some time to adjust to the new country, people & work. 2. Keep in touch with your family and friends back at home. 3. You should acknowledge your emotions, rather than suppressing them. Keep checking in with yourself & mindfully address any thought that is causing you stress. 4. Have a problem-solving attitude rather than pondering over the problem for long periods. 5. Engage in recreational activities both physical and creative to relax and rejuvenate yourself. 6. You can see a mental health professional like a counsellor or psychologist to maintain or improve your mental health. There are certain stigmas associated with seeking professional help. You should know that it is okay to seek help when required to live a happy life.
  • Q. How to open a bank account in Qatar?
    You need to have a Qatari bank account to work in Qatar. You can open a bank account yourself or your employer can do it on your behalf. Based on the following factors, you can go for a National or an International bank account. 1. Minimum monthly balance requirement 2. International debit card charges 3. Cash withdrawal charges 4. Interest rates 5. Online banking, phone banking, mobile banking, and SMS alerts Some banks you can go for are: a. HSBC Bank b. Doha Bank c. Qatar National Bank
  • Q. What are some good practices to follow when working abroad?
    1. Record-Keeping: Maintain records of payments, leaves, reimbursements, savings, and expenses. 2. Banking: Ensure salaries are banked for security, interest gains, and easy family remittances. 3. Budgeting: Plan for savings, expenses, emergencies, insurance, and family transfers to manage finances effectively. 4. Investing: Consult your bank for safe investment options to grow your savings. 5. Debt Management: Avoid debt; only borrow when necessary and repay promptly. 6. Document Caution: Never sign blank documents; always read and understand content before signing.
  • Q. How to keep in touch with your family when living in a foreign country?
    As a migrant working in a different country, keeping in touch with your family can help fight the feelings of alienation and estrangement. 1. Get a Qatari SIM once you reach the country. The main network providers are Ooredoo and Vodafone. To acquire a post-paid contract, you will need a letter from you employer or sponsor, while buying a prepaid SIM card requires a residence permit. 2. Pre-paid mobile services in Qatar are significantly cheaper than post-paid contracts. 3. You can share the number of your employer with your family in India before you leave and carry the number of all your family with you to Qatar. 4. You can share your number for Qatar with your family once you have received it. You may provide the number of your co-workers, after receiving their permission, to your family to ensure that they can get in touch with you in situations of emergency. 5. You can connect with your family over social media such as WhatsApp or Facebook once you have gained access to the Internet.
  • Flag
    The Australian flag, also known as Commonwealth Blue Ensign, has three main elements: a. Union Jack: Positioned in the canton (upper left quadrant), it acknowledges Australia's British heritage. b. Southern Cross: A constellation prominent in the southern hemisphere, its five stars (including the smaller Epsilon Crucis) appear in the first and third quarters. c. Commonwealth Star: A seven-pointed star in the lower hoist signifies the six states and the combined territories.
  • Capital
    Canberra is the capital city of Australia, with Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide, Perth, Hobart and Darwin being some major cities.
  • Rights of Immigrants in Australia:
    Here are the rights of immigrants in Australia that you should be aware about. 1. Immigrants have the right to work in Australia, regardless of their nationality or immigration status. 2. Minimum employment standard: Employees in Australia (including immigrants) are entitled to basic minimum employment standards, including: Authorised leave, such as annual leave, sick leave, and personal/carer's leave Breaks during the workday, such as a meal break and a rest break Superannuation, which is a retirement savings scheme Notice of termination, which is the amount of notice that an employer must give an employee before terminating their employment Minimum wage, which is set by the Fair Work Act. 3. Immigrants have the right to own and rent property in Australia, including houses, apartments, and businesses. 4. They have the right to access government services, such as education, healthcare, and social security as an immigrant in Australia. 5. Immigrants have the right to a fair trial if you are accused of a crime. This right is guaranteed by the Australian Constitution. 6. Immigrants have the right to freedom of speech and assembly, just like all other Australians. 7. Immigrants have the right to be treated equally under Australian law. You cannot be discriminated against based on your nationality, immigration status, or other personal characteristics.
  • Social Connections
    Australians have a strong community spirit, with 93% reporting having someone to rely on in times of need, surpassing the OECD average of 91%. This is attributed to Australia's multicultural society, egalitarian values, and low crime rate.
  • Government Resources for Migrants
    1. e-Migrate: You can visit the e-Migrate website (https://emigrate.gov.in/) for the seeking assistance for issues related to living and working abroad. 2. Pravasi Bharatiya Sahayta Kendra (PBSK): PBSK is a facilitation centre that provides support services to persons desirous of going abroad for employment purposes. 3. Protector General of Emigrants (PGE): Protector General of Emigrants (PGE) in the Ministry of External Affairs is the authority responsible for protecting the interests of Indian workers proceeding abroad for employment purposes. 4. Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PKVY): Under PKVY, Indian workers can receive Pre-Departure Orientation Training familiarising migrant workers with the destination country’s culture, language, traditions and local rules and regulations. The workers receive a certificate officially stating that they have received PDOT for going abroad. 5. Pravasi Bharatiya Bima Yojana (PBBY): Before applying for Emigration clearance (EC), on eMigrate, it is important to take Pravasi Bharatiya Bima Yojana (PBBY).
  • Workforce Demand in Australia
    The 2022 Skills Priority List (SPL) report by the Australian National Skills Commission highlights occupation groups facing shortages: a. Health Professionals: There's been a 47% increase in demand, indicating a significant shortage in this sector in 2022. b. Technicians and Trades Workers: Notably low vacancy fill rates are seen in automotive and engineering trades, construction, and electrotechnology and telecommunications trades. c. Teachers: Shortages, especially in Early Childhood, Primary, and Secondary School teaching, are challenging the labour market. This is compounded by an aging teaching workforce, with many nearing retirement.
  • the Australian Visa System
    Australia, since 1994, has a universal visa system where all non-citizens must have a visa, either applied for or granted by law. Visas on arrival are not available, except for New Zealand citizens. Under the Migration Regulations 1994, specific groups are recognized as having valid visas without undergoing the standard process: a. Passport holders from 36 eVisitor countries (EU member states, four EFTA (European Free Trade Association) member states, the UK, and four European microstates) and 34 ETA-eligible countries. b. New Zealand citizens under the Special Category Visa through the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement. c. Certain foreign military and government-related visitors eligible for the special purpose visa.
  • The first move to australia
    It's essential to have a valid passport for any international travel. Since the passport application process can take several months, it's advisable to apply for one as soon as you begin looking for overseas work opportunities. Visit the Passport Seva website (https://www.passportindia.gov.in/AppOnlineProject/welcomeLink#) to apply for a fresh passport or renew your old one.
  • Food Habits
    In line with common Western practices, Australians typically consume three meals a day. With over 65% of the population being non-vegetarian, meat and seafood are some common food preferences. However, with rising globalization, a significant group of Australians have adopted vegetarianism and veganism, giving migrants plenty of non-meat options to choose from.
  • Duration of the flight
    A flight from India to Australia takes around 10-12 hours on average.
  • Managing Emergency Situation in Australia
    Here are some things you can do if you are in distress when in Australia: A. Contact the Indian High Commission in Australia The Indian High Commission in Australia is responsible for protecting the interests of Indian citizens in Australia. They can provide assistance in a variety of situations, including: 1. If you have been a victim of crime 2. If you are in financial difficulty 3. If you have lost your passport or other important documents 4. If you need help finding accommodation or transportation 5. If you need medical assistance 6. If you need help getting in touch with your family back home B. Contact the Indian Community Welfare Fund (ICWF) The Indian Community Welfare Fund (ICWF) is a fund that provides financial assistance to Indian citizens in need while they are overseas. The ICWF can help with expenses such as medical care, transportation, and repatriation. ICWF aims to provide the following services to the emigrant workers: 1. Boarding and lodging for distressed Overseas Indian workers in household/ domestic sectors and unskilled labourers. 2. Extending emergency medical care to Overseas Indians in need. 3. Helping distressed NRI women. 4. Providing air passage to stranded Overseas Indians in need. 5. Providing initial legal assistance to Overseas Indians in deserving cases. 6. Paying small fines/ penalties in deserving cases. 7. Extended help on accidental and for airlifting of mortal remains to India or local cremation/burial of the deceased Overseas Indians where the sponsor is unable or unwilling to do so as per the contract and the family is not able to meet the cost. Documents required for transportation of mortal remains Power of attorney and consent from the legal heir Clinical death certificate Embalming certificate Passport for cancellation NOC from the Indian Mission/Post To apply for assistance from the ICWF, you will need to contact the Indian High Commission or one of the consulates in Australia. C. MADAD Portal As a Indian Migrant, you can login to the MADAD portal to register your grievances and seek redressal. It seeks to address grievances on issues related to workers abuse, sexual abuse, recruiting agents, sponsorship and contract issues, repatriation of Indian nationals, tracing whereabouts of Indian nationals, death/injury compensation, transportation of mortal remains of deceased Indian nationals, marital dispute issues and other issues. You or your family member can directly register your grievances on the portal (madad@gov.in). D. Contact the Australian government The Australian government also provides a number of services to people in distress, including: 1. The National Debt Helpline (1800-007-007) can provide advice and support to people who are in financial difficulty. Link: https://ndh.org.au/about-national-debt-helpline/contact-us/ 2. The National Relay Service can provide a telephone service for people who are deaf or have hearing or speech impairments. Link: https://www.accesshub.gov.au/about-the-nrs 3. The Lifeline Australia crisis support phone line (131114) can provide support to people who are experiencing emotional distress. Link: https://www.lifeline.org.au/131114/ 4. The Australian Red Cross can provide assistance to people who have been affected by a disaster or emergency. Link: https://www.redcross.org.au/ Remember, you are not alone. There are people who can help you if you are in distress.
  • The Indian Diaspora
    The Indian diaspora in Australia is one of the country's fastest-growing migrant groups. According to Australian Bureau of Statistics (2021 Census)xxxviii, 783,958 people in Australia declared Indian ancestry, representing 3.1% of the Australian population. Indian Australians come from a diverse range of backgrounds and regions, with the largest groups coming from Punjab, Gujarat, and Kerala. Some of the Indian organisations / associations in Australia are: a. Federation of Indian Music and Dance Victoria: It is a coalition of Indian music and dance schools led by eminent artistes and teachers of Indian fine arts in Victoria. b. India – Australia Association of Canberra (IAAC): It’s a voluntary, incorporated organisation based in Canberra. It has been providing community services in Canberra and its surrounding regions from 1973 onwards. Serving to remove barriers and facilitate relationships between the Indian and Australian cultural communities. c. Gujarati Association of Victoria (GAV): (Gujarati Samaj) Gujarati Association of Victoria (GAV) (Gujarati Samaj) is a non-profit cultural organisation setup (Est. 1982) in the State of Victoria, Australia, to promote the cultural heritage of Gujarat – a state from India. d. Federation of Indian Associations of Victoria (FIAV): It was formed in 1989 by a group of resident Indian migrants of long-standing and repute that was keen to bring all the various regional, cultural and lingual Indian groups together under the one umbrella organization.
  • National Currency
    Australian dollar (AUD) is the official currency of Australia.
  • Finding Work Opportunities in australia
    Australia, identified by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) as one of the top destination for Indian workers, offers approximately 54,000 job opportunities. If you're in India and considering employment in Australia, consider these avenues: a. National Skill Development Corporation International job portal Since its inception in 2021, National Skill Development Corporation International (NSDCI) has played a vital role in enabling International Workforce Mobility through strategic engagements with foreign governments, dedicated training programs, and inclusive digital and on-ground initiatives. Indian workers seeking employment in Australia can explore job opportunities through National Skill Development Corporation International’s job portal: https://www.nsdcinternational.com/looking-for-jobs. You can create an account on the portal to register for the talent pool for international job opportunities in future. b. Indian Recruiting Agents (RAs) Indian Recruitment Agencies (IRAs) act as intermediaries connecting potential workers with Australian employers. They assist with job placement, travel, employment documentation, and understanding employment contracts. Ensure you engage with licensed agencies to avoid scams. For more information, visit the Ministry of External Affairs' website at MEA Recruitment Agencies. Complaints of overcharging or cheating can be lodged with: For FAQs in relation to complaint against RA you should check the Ministry of External Affair’s website: https://mea.gov.in/complaints-against-recruiting-agents.htm
  • Housing
    About 68% of Australian households own their homes, but high prices, especially in cities, make buying challenging. The rental market is tight with high demand and low supply, resulting in high rents and difficulty finding accommodations, especially in urban areas. Migrants to Australia should be prepared for flexibility in housing choices.
  • Types of Australian Visa
    Australia offers a variety of visas for different purposes: 1. Visitor Visa: For tourists or those visiting family in Australia. 2. Study and Training Visa: Not limited to full-time students, this includes short courses, degrees, language learning, and vocational training. Some study visas can be extended for work or travel, allowing a longer stay. 3. Family and Partner Visa: Designed to reunite immediate and extended family members with their Australian relatives or spouses. 4. Working and Skilled Visa: For skilled individuals or families aiming to migrate permanently to fill skill shortages in Australia. This includes points-tested visas under the General Skilled Migration program, which can be independent, state/territory-sponsored, or family-sponsored. 5. Refugee and Humanitarian Visa: A long-term residence permit for refugees under the Special Humanitarian Programme (SHP). It allows living, working, and studying indefinitely in Australia. The SHP includes Offshore Resettlement and Onshore Protection visa categories. Important Visas Study Visa (Subclass 500) Allows students to live, study, and work in Australia for up to five years. Students can usually work 40 hours per fortnight during term time and unlimited hours during breaks. Currently, there's a temporary allowance for students to work beyond this limit and start working upon arrival in Australia. Working and Skilled Visa For skilled individuals or families seeking permanent migration to address skill shortages in Australia. These visas, part of the General Skilled Migration program, are points tested and may be independent, state/territory sponsored, or family-sponsored. Some important visa subclasses in this category include: a. Employer Nomination Scheme (Subclass 186): For skilled workers nominated by an employer to live and work permanently in Australia. b. Global Talent Visa (Subclass 858): A streamlined pathway for highly skilled professionals in ten future-focused sectors to live and work permanently in Australia. c. Skilled Independent Visa (Subclass 189): For invited workers with needed skills to live and work permanently in Australia. This is a points-based visa. d. Skilled Nominated Visa (Subclass 190): For nominated skilled workers to live and work as permanent residents in Australia. Applicants can also sponsor eligible relatives. e. Skilled-Recognised Graduate Visa (Subclass 476): For recent engineering graduates to live, work, or study in Australia for up to 18 months. Applicants must be under 31 and have completed a relevant degree within the past two years.
  • Responsibilities of Immigrants in Australia
    1. Immigrants are expected to comply with Australian immigration laws, as outlined by the Australian Department of Home Affairs. 2. Immigrants have a responsibility to pay taxes in Australia, just like all other Australian residents. 3. All residents, including immigrants, are expected to adhere to the law, ensuring the safety and security of themselves and others. 4. Immigrants are encouraged to embrace and respect Australian values, which include freedom, democracy, equality, and the rule of law. 5. Immigrants should make efforts to understand and appreciate Australia's multicultural landscape including respecting their cultural diversity, and being open to learning about the traditions, customs, and beliefs of others. 6. Immigrants are encouraged to actively participate in their local communities and contribute positively to Australian society. 7. Immigrants should be environmentally conscious, reducing waste, conserving resources, and supporting sustainable practices.
  • Average Wages
    In May 2023, full-time adult average weekly ordinary time earnings and full-time average weekly total earnings both increased by 3.8% compared to the previous year. Full-time workers consistently earned more than their part-time counterparts. Males experienced a 3.5% increase in their full-time adult average weekly ordinary time earnings, while females saw a slightly higher increase of 4.6%. Additionally, the 3.2% increase in average weekly total earnings for all employees underscores the overall positive economic climate, with wages rising for most workers. The data on average wages in Australia for May 2023 paints a picture of a growing economy with rising wages. The overall positive yearly changes in earnings indicate economic stability and opportunity for workers.
  • Healthcare system
    Australia boasts a world-class healthcare system, providing access to high-quality drinking water and clean air. The public healthcare system, Medicare, ensures universal access to essential services (https://immi.homeaffairs.gov.au/settling-in-australia/settle-in-australia/key-settlement-topics/health-and-wellbeing). Private health insurance is available for additional services like private hospital and dental care.
  • Things to keep in mind while travelling to australia
    Here are key things to remember for a smooth journey to Australia: a. Obtain Your Documents  1. Ensure your passport and visa are ready well in advance. 2. Make two copies of your ID documents; leave one with your family in India. 3. Get your power of attorney and original employment contract from the Indian Recruitment Agency (IRA). 4. Collect necessary travel documents including airline tickets, work permit, and residence permit from IRA. 5. Complete a medical examination and obtain a medical certificate. b. things to pack for your journey 1. Pack clothing and shoes suitable for Australia's upcoming weather. 2. Bring a sufficient supply of allowed general and prescription medicines, personal hygiene items, and snacks for initial days. 3. Organize important documents in a folder and keep it within easy reach. 4. Check your airline's baggage allowance and ensure your luggage is within the limit.
  • Australian point-based visa system
    In Australia, skilled migration visas are allocated using a points-based system. Applicants must first express interest via an online Expression of Interest (EOI) on the SkillSelect portal. If selected, they are invited to apply formally for a visa. The application requires meeting a minimum points threshold, assessing skills and likelihood of success in Australia. Points are awarded for the following factors. The below table shows points based on various parameters: In general, applicants need to score at least 65 points to be invited to apply. You can also use the Australian government's points calculator (https://immi.homeaffairs.gov.au/help-support/tools/points-calculator) to get an estimate of how many points you would score under the Australian points test. This can help you to identify areas where you can improve your score.
  • Environmental Quality
    Australia enjoys a quality environment with low pollution levels but faces challenges like climate change and bushfires. The country is experiencing more extreme weather, rising sea levels, and changes in ecosystems. Bushfires, common due to the hot, dry climate, cause significant damage to property, infrastructure, and wildlife.
  • Language
    English is the national language of Australia. However, around 300 different languages, including many Indigenous languages are spoken in the country. Some of the most popular ones include Mandarin, Arabic, Cantonese, Vietnamese and Italian.
  • National Day
    Australia Day, is the official National Day of Australia, celebrated on 26th January every year. It marks the first permanent European settlement on the continent.
  • Economy
    Australia's domestic economic policies are designed to foster a competitive, adaptable, and robust economy. Internationally, the country strives to enhance prosperity both at home and globally. Key focuses of Australia's economic diplomacy include promoting investment, tackling trade barriers not related to tariffs, assisting businesses, championing a rules-based global system, and strengthening connections in science, technology, and innovation. These efforts are a primary concern for its diplomatic network. Trade and investment at a glance (as per latest published data on Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, DFAT website) a. GDP in 2019-20 was valued at $2 trillion b. Since 1992, the Australian economy has grown faster than any other major developed country c. Record trade in 2019-20 $873 billion (1 in 5 jobs rely on trade) d. Record exports in 2019-20 $475 billion (1 in 7 jobs rely on exports) e. $77 billion trade surplus in 2019-20, an Australian record
  • Australia: an overview
    Australia, surrounded by the Indian and Pacific Oceans, is a vast country known for its opportunities, natural beauty, and high living standards. It's a hub for global work opportunities. Home to 10% of the world's biodiversity, Australia boasts unique wildlife and indigenous plants. The country's landscape ranges from tropical rainforests in the north to red deserts in the center and snowfields in the southeast. Many of these places are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Culturally diverse, Australia excels in food, arts, and a creative economy that reflects its rich heritage. The country is also known for its achievements in research, design, innovation, and science, alongside a love for sports and outdoor activities.
  • Work-Life Balance
    Australia offers a good work-life balance with paid leave and flexible work arrangements like part-time work and telecommuting. However, some sectors, like finance and healthcare, often have long working hours, and there's pressure to work extra hours for career advancement.
  • Transportation
    Transportation in Australia is a diverse system that includes various modes of travel, primarily geared towards urban centers but also extending to regional and remote areas. In urban areas, trains, buses, trams, and ferries are the most commonly available public modes of transport. Taxis are the most preferred method of private rides. For long distance travel, you can opt for trains, buses, and domestic airlines. You can also drive in Australia, if you own a valid overseas driver’s license. Please note that Australians drive on the left side of the road.
  • Managing money in Australia
    supporting sustainable practices. Navigating your financial journey in Australia can be smooth with the right steps. Here's a structured guide to help you manage your finances effectively: 1. Setting Up a Non-Resident External (NRE) Account Before moving abroad, safeguarding your finances is crucial. Opening a Non-Resident External (NRE) account with either public or private banks in India is advisable. Opt for banks with branches in Australia, such as State Bank of India (SBI), Bank of Baroda (BOB), or Union Bank of India (UBI). This account allows you to transfer money from Australia to India, converting foreign currency into Rupees, while enjoying tax-free status in India. 2. Mastering Online Banking Familiarize yourself with your bank's online services. Learn to navigate account access, balance checks, fund transfers, and online bill payments. Implement robust security measures like strong passwords and two-factor authentication to protect against online fraud. Embrace digital payments and mobile wallets for convenient, cashless transactions. 3. Effective Money Management a. Setting Financial Goals: Discuss and set clear financial objectives with your family, such as purchasing assets (like a goat for milk production) or long-term plans (like house construction). b. Budgeting and Saving: Allocate a portion of your income to savings immediately upon receiving your salary. Seek advice from your bank on low-risk, high-return saving options. Create a monthly budget, distinguishing between wants and needs, to ensure spending within your means. c. Tracking Expenditures: Continuously monitor your spending to adhere to your budget and identify potential areas for cost reduction. d. Emergency Fund and Insurance: Regularly contribute to an emergency fund for unforeseen situations like theft or illness. Additionally, securing insurance is essential to mitigate financial risks. 4. Remittance Options from Australia to India Choosing the right remittance channel depends on factors like speed, cost, and convenience. Here are some options: a. Online Money Transfer Services: Services like Wise, Revoult, and Remitly offer competitive rates and lower fees. Registration is online, and transfers can be made via bank accounts or cards. b. Bank Transfers: Direct bank transfers are secure but may involve higher fees and less favorable exchange rates. c. Money Transfer Operators: Western Union and MoneyGram provide fast cash pickup options but might have higher fees. d. Mobile Wallets: Platforms like Paytm or Google Pay allow direct transfers to Indian mobile wallets. e. Foreign Exchange Brokers: Suitable for large amounts, offering competitive rates. f. Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Transfers: Can be favorable but less reliable. When selecting a remittance method, consider the transaction amount, recipient's preference, urgency, and overall costs. Prioritize choosing a reputable service for secure transactions.
  • The NSDC International Advantage  
    1. Credibility and Global Recognition: NSDC International is a credible source, recognised globally for its high standards. The NSDC name is synonymous with quality education, making it a trusted choice for millions. 2. Government Association: NSDC International benefits from strong governmental support. This association enhances its credibility and ensures high standards of education. 
 3. Nominal Pricing & Skill Loan Provision: Our courses are offered at nominal prices, making high-quality language education accessible to everyone. This pricing is significantly lower than what's available on the market, providing exceptional value for the investment. We further empower learners by offering skill loans to help them overcome financial hurdles. 4. Comprehensive Curriculum and Industry Partnerships: NSDC International offers a comprehensive curriculum designed in collaboration with industry partners. By tying up with industry leaders, we ensure that our courses are relevant, up-to-date and tailored to meet the specific needs of the global workforce. 5. Trusted by Many: With many satisfied learners, NSDC International has built a reputation for excellence and reliability. Our proven track record speaks to the effectiveness and quality of our programmes.
  • Benefits of Learning a New Language  
    Global opportunities come to those who can build global connections by surpassing communication barriers. Learning a new language will help you in the following ways: Expand your reach to new countries Make you stand out among 1000s of candidates Explore a new culture Fit in better in a foreign country Connect with influential people from different cultures Move a step ahead in your career advancement journey
  • Possibilities of Return
    Navigating the complexities of living abroad, particularly in Japan, involves understanding the avenues of repatriation and deportation available to Indian migrants. Here’s a detailed look at what these terms entail and the support mechanisms provided by the Indian government through its embassy in Tokyo. 1. Repatriation: Repatriation, facilitated by the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), involves the process of returning individuals to their home country due to various circumstances. The MEA offers guidance on when and how repatriation can be sought, highlighting instances where costs are borne by the employer. This includes scenarios such as completing or terminating an employment contract or in unfortunate cases of death, where the employer covers repatriation expenses and settlement of dues to the deceased's family. For further information on repatriation procedures, visit MEA's official guidance. In instances where Indian migrant workers and their families no longer meet legal residence conditions in Japan, the Embassy of India collaborates with Japanese authorities to facilitate their smooth return to India, including the issuance of temporary passports. 2. Deportation: Contrarily, deportation occurs when a foreign national violates immigration laws in their host country, leading to expulsion by local authorities. While the Indian embassy may not prevent deportation for immigration violations, it can intervene in cases where the migrant feels unfairly targeted or claims innocence. The embassy can advocate on behalf of the individual with local immigration authorities to address concerns and ensure fair treatment.
  • Rights of a Migrant Worker
    Migrant workers in Japan are afforded legal protections under various labour laws aimed at ensuring fair treatment and safe working conditions. These rights include equal treatment regardless of nationality, protection from forced labour and safeguards against discrimination. 1. Labour Standards Act 2. Labour Contracts Act 3. Minimun Wage Act 2. Industrial Safety and Health Act
  • Climate
    Japan boasts a predominantly temperate climate, distinguished by four distinct seasons that vary significantly between its northern and southern regions. Northern Japan witnesses prolonged, harsh winters and relatively cool summers, while Central Japan experiences brief, chilly winters and cool, humid summers.
  • Resources by the Indian Government for Migrants
    1) e-Migrate To regulate overseas employment, particularly to protect less educated blue-collar workers, the Emigration Check Required (ECR) process is managed through a unique computerised system known as ‘e-Migrate’. This system harmonises all parties involved in the emigration process, facilitating efficient collaboration among stakeholders. 2) MADAD Operated by the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), the MADAD portal serves as a platform to assist and resolve various consular and diaspora-related issues faced by Indian citizens abroad. MADAD, short for “MEA's Assistance to Diaspora in Distress”, allows individuals to register and seek help for concerns including passport and visa issues, legal and financial problems and other consular services. FAQs for MADAD can be accessed here: Consular Services Welcome Message | Consular Services (madad.gov.in) 3) Pravasi Bharatiya Bima Yojana The Pravasi Bharatiya Bima Yojana is a mandatory insurance programme aimed at safeguarding Indian emigrant workers heading for overseas employment in ECR-designated countries. It provides benefits such as insurance coverage for accidental death or permanent disability, medical insurance, repatriation cover for medically unfit or prematurely terminated employment, family hospitalisation, maternity expenses, legal expenses for litigation and more. 4) Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana The Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana is a skill enhancement initiative for Indian youth seeking employment in high-demand sectors on the global job market. It is overseen by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) in collaboration with the MEA and the Union Ministry of Skill Development. 5) Pravasi Bharatiya Sahayata Kendra Established by the Ministry of External Affairs, the Pravasi Bharatiya Sahayata Kendra (PBSK) serves as a dedicated facilitation centre providing essential assistance to individuals aspiring to work abroad. PBSK aims to streamline support services for migrant and potential migrant workers, offering guidance and aid on relevant matters. 6) Indian Community Welfare Fund The Indian Community Welfare Fund (ICWF), operational across all Indian Missions and Posts globally, provides crucial aid to overseas Indian citizens during emergencies and urgent situations. It prioritises assistance based on a means-tested approach to those in greatest need, facilitating emergency repatriation from conflict zones, natural disaster-affected areas and other challenging circumstances. More information is available here: https://www.myscheme.gov.in/schemes/icwf 7) FAQs by Ministry of External Affairs The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) oversees matters related to Indian migrants working abroad. It is recommended for individuals and families to familiarise themselves with the guidelines provided by the MEA. Relevant information can be found here: https://mea.gov.in/repatriation-to-india.htm 8) Legal Assistance Abroad Indian Missions may offer initial legal assistance to Indian migrants abroad, primarily in deserving cases and subject to means-testing, where the individual cannot afford legal help independently. Further details can be found here: https://mea.gov.in/legal-assistance-abroad.htm
  • Time Difference
    The time difference between India Standard Time (IST) and Japan Standard Time (JST) is 3 hours and 30 minutes, with Japan being ahead of India.
  • Natural Disaster
    Japan's climate and topography contribute to its resilience in managing natural challenges. The nation experiences earthquakes, tsunamis, typhoons, heavy snowfall, volcanic eruptions and other natural phenomena, prompting a proactive approach to preparedness and response.
  • Major Cities
    The major cities of Japan include its capital, Tokyo, along with Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, Fukuoka, Kobe, Kawasaki, Kyoto and Sendai.
  • Transportation
    Japan features an extensive network of subways and trains, vital for commuting within and between cities. However, suburban areas often have less comprehensive train services, with buses filling the gap in public transport. Japan provides a range of rail and city passes for regular travellers, offering convenient travel options. A lot of migrant workers also use bicycles for local transport.
  • Relevant Terms & Meanings
  • Language
    In Japan, the most commonly spoken language is Japanese, which is the official language used universally across the country. English is also widely used for international communication, business and tourism purposes. Some ethnic communities communicate in Ryukyuan languages or Korean, reflecting Japan's linguistic diversity.
  • Language Barrier
    Migrant workers in Japan often face the significant hurdle of a language barrier, as Japanese is the predominant language used in daily interactions and professional contexts. This can initially present challenges in communication and integration. However, there is reassurance in knowing that NSDC International offers tailored language training programmes to mitigate this issue. These programmes are designed to equip individuals with essential language skills necessary for effective communication, facilitating a smoother transition and enhanced integration into both professional environments and daily life.
  • Cost of Living in Japan
    The cost of living in Japan for a migrant worker is balanced by the benefits of residing in a well-developed and efficient society. Although urban centres like Tokyo and Osaka can be costly in terms of housing and daily expenses, there are also more affordable areas with reasonable housing and living costs. Essential items such as groceries, public transport and healthcare services are generally of high quality and are accessible to all residents. Also, the availability of various job opportunities and the potential for competitive salaries make it feasible for migrant workers to maintain a comfortable lifestyle while experiencing the rich culture and modern conveniences that Japan offers.
  • Consular Support & Services in Japan
    The Embassy of India in Japan is located in Tokyo. The contact details are as follows: Embassy of India, Tokyo Address: 2-2-11 Kudan-Minami, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo - 102-0074 Telephone: +81 3 3262-2391 to 97 Fax: +81 3 3234-4866 Consulate General of India, Osaka-Kobe Address: Consulate General of India, 10F, Semba I.S. Building, 1-9-26, Kyutaromachi, Chuo-ku, Osaka - 541-0056 Telephone: 00-81-06-4963-3219 (Visa enquiries) / 06-6261-7299 / 06-6261-9299 Fax: 00-81-6-6261-7201 Consular Functions Consular functions are an important part of the duties and responsibilities entrusted to designated officers of Indian Missions/Posts abroad. These duties broadly include: a) Welfare of Indians abroad, b) Financial assistance to Indian citizens and repatriation of Indian citizens, c) Registration of births and deaths of Indian citizens, d) Solemnisation of marriages under the Special Marriage Act 1969, Foreign Marriage Act 1969 and the rules thereunder, e) Consular assistance to arrested Indian citizens, f) Assistance in case of the death of Indian citizens, including death compensation and the remittance thereof, g) Assistance relating to war graves, war damage pay, pension and provident fund, h) Dealing with civil and criminal proceedings against Indians abroad.
  • Emergency Words and Phrases in Japanese
  • Finding Opportunities to Work in Japan
    Finding employment opportunities in Japan can be a challenging endeavour, requiring navigating job searches, applications, migration processes and settling into a new country. The National Skill Development Corporation International offers assistance in finding legitimate work opportunities in Japan, thereby reducing the risk of encountering fraudulent schemes. For Indians, two main programmes provide avenues for legitimate work in Japan: the Technical Intern Training Programme (TTIP) and the Specified Skilled Workers (SSW) programme. 1) Technical Intern Training Programme (TITP) The Technical Intern Training Programme (TITP) is a collaboration between the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) of India and various Japanese ministries. It aims to transfer skills and knowledge gained in Japan back to developing nations like India. Eligible candidates, aged 18 years and above and of Indian nationality, undergo training in India facilitated by Approved Sending Organisations (SOs). This training includes Japanese language proficiency and specific domain training essential for working in Japan. Upon selection by Supervising Organisations (SVOs/IOs) in Japan, candidates receive a Certificate of Eligibility (COE) through their SOs, which is necessary for their visa application process. 2) Specified Skilled Workers (SSW) The Specified Skilled Worker (SSW) programme was introduced by Japan to address specific labour shortages across designated sectors. Candidates, also aged 18 years or older, must demonstrate knowledge or experience in one of the specified sectors mentioned below: Nursing care Building cleaning management Shipbuilding and ship machinery industry Aviation industry Agriculture Manufacture of food and beverages Automobile repair and maintenance Construction industry Machine parts & tooling/ Industrial machinery/ Electric, electronics & information Industries Accommodation industry Fishery & aquaculture Food service industry Successful applicants need to pass Japanese language proficiency tests (N4 level or above) and sector-specific skills proficiency tests unless they have completed three years in the TITP programme in the same sector. Once selected by a Japanese company, candidates apply for a status of residence through Immigration, allowing them to stay in Japan for up to five years. 3) Resources and Further Information For Indians interested in exploring these opportunities, resources such as the NSDC provide detailed information on both the TITP and SSW programmes. Additionally, the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) offers essential travel advisories and guidelines regarding employment in Japan. The Immigration Services Agency of Japan provides comprehensive details on the COE and visa application processes. Further support and detailed guidelines on the Specified Skilled Worker programme are available through the official support website for SSW by the Japanese Government.
  • The Indian Community in Japan
    Approximately 40,000 Indians currently reside in Japan, with a historically significant population having lived in Kobe, one of Japan's major ports. Recently, the Kansai area has emerged as a focal point for Indians, surpassing Kobe in population percentage. Key Indian organisations in the Kansai area include The Indian Chamber of Commerce, Japan, The Indian Social Society, Japan and The Indian Club. Throughout Japan, numerous Indian associations exist, listed on the Embassy of India, Tokyo's website.
  • Healthcare and Insurance Requirements for Migrant Workers in Japan
    Foreign nationals who are permitted to live in Japan for over three months must enrol in either National Health Insurance (NHI) or in the health insurance system provided through their workplace. Below are key points regarding enrolment in the National Health Insurance (NHI) system and its benefits: a) Enrolling in the NHI system provides an insurance card, essential for accessing healthcare services. It should be kept safe and carried at all times. b) Participants contribute through insurance premiums to cover medical expenses. c) Presenting the insurance card at hospitals typically reduces out-of-pocket expenses to around 30% of medical costs for treatment and medications.
  • Residence Card
    Upon arrival in Japan, Indian migrants staying for more than three months must obtain a Residence Card. This card serves as their official identification, displaying personal details, residency status and period of stay. It can be used for administrative procedures and contractual agreements. Issuance of Residence Card: Issued upon initial entry at specified airports (e.g., Narita, Haneda, Kansai) or through a municipal office after notifying the change of residence. Renewal is required for extensions or changes in residency status. Carrying Requirements: Individuals aged 16 and over must carry their Residence Card at all times, as it serves as a primary identification document in Japan.
  • Visa Types and Requirements
    General Visa: Technical Intern Training (i) (a)/(b) Indian nationals planning to work in Japan under the Technical Intern Training Programme (TITP) must apply for this visa. The visa allows a stay of up to one year, determined by the Minister of Justice. Required documents include a valid passport, completed visa application form, one passport-size photograph and the Certificate of Eligibility (original or copy). Working Visa for Specified Skilled Worker (i/ii) For those seeking employment under specified skilled categories in Japan, two options exist: i. Offers a duration of 1 year, 6 months or 4 months. ii. Allows stays of 3 years, 1 year or 6 months. Applicants must submit their passport, completed visa application form, one passport-size photograph and the Certificate of Eligibility (original or copy). It is mandatory to include the Certificate of Eligibility with the visa application.
  • Distance Between India & Japan
    The approximate straight-line distance between major cities such as New Delhi, India and Tokyo, Japan, is estimated to be around 5,500 kilometres (3,400 miles). The flight duration between New Delhi, India and Tokyo, Japan, typically ranges from 8 to 10 hours, depending on the specific flight route and any layovers.
  • The Food in Japan
    Japanese cuisine is renowned for its diversity and emphasis on fresh, seasonal ingredients. Staples such as rice, seafood and noodles form the foundation of many dishes. Vegetarian: Vegetable tempura, Nasu dengaku, Okonomiyaki, Hiyayakko, Shojin ryori Vegan: Inari sushi, Vegetable yakisoba, Avocado maki sushi, Yasai itame, Kappa maki sushi Meat: Chicken katsu, Gyu don, Yakitori, Buta no kakuni, Sashimi
  • Public Holidays
    The Public Holidays in Japan are as follows: New Year’s Day: 1st January Coming of Age Day: 8th January National Foundation Day: 11th February Emperor’s Birthday: 23rd February Vernal Equinox Day: 20th March Shōwa Day: 29th April Constitution Memorial Day: 3rd May Greenery Day: 4th May Children’s Day: 5th May Marine Day: 15th July Mountain Day: 11th August Respect for the Aged Day: 16th September Autumnal Equinox Day: 23rd September Sports Day: 14th October Culture Day: 3rd November Labour Thanksgiving Day: 23rd November
  • Essential Financial Guidelines for Migrant Workers in Japan
    Navigating financial matters as a migrant worker in Japan demands careful planning and foresight. Follow these essential practices to ensure your financial stability and security: Record-Keeping: Maintain detailed records of payments received, leaves taken and reimbursements owed. Track your savings and expenses separately for clarity and financial management. Banking Benefits: Request your employer to deposit your salary directly into your bank account. This practice safeguards your earnings from theft, accrues modest interest and facilitates seamless remittance transfers to your family. Budget Wisely: Develop a comprehensive budget that accounts for savings goals, regular expenses, emergency funds, insurance contributions and remittances. Effective budgeting ensures financial discipline and prepares you for future financial needs. Seek Safe Investments: Consult with your bank to explore secure investment options tailored to your financial objectives. Investing wisely can generate additional income from your savings over time. Manage Debt Prudently: Minimise borrowing and only incur debt when necessary. If your employer provides financial assistance, use it responsibly for its intended purpose. Make regular repayments to clear debts promptly and avoid unnecessary financial strain. Avoid Signing Blank Documents: Protect yourself from potential fraud or legal issues by refusing to sign blank papers. Always read and understand the content of any document before signing, ensuring clarity and safeguarding your interests. By adhering to these practices, you can navigate financial challenges with confidence while maximising your financial well-being as a migrant worker in Japan.
  • Social Etiquettes
    Greetings: Japanese greetings typically involve bowing rather than shaking hands, although handshakes are becoming more common, especially with foreigners. A Japanese handshake is usually light, often accompanied by a slight bow to show respect. Body Language: Nodding is important in Japanese communication to indicate understanding and attentiveness. Extended eye contact is considered impolite, so maintaining moderate eye contact is advised. Public displays of affection, such as hugging or excessive touching, should be avoided. Sitting upright with both feet on the floor is customary and crossing ankles should be avoided. Communication: Japanese often address others by their surname followed by "san," a term of respect. They tend to speak softly and appreciate pauses in conversation. Maintaining a comfortable distance during conversations is also a cultural norm. Shoes: In traditional Japanese settings like homes, temples and some restaurants, it's customary to remove shoes at the entrance. However, in Western-style restaurants and office buildings, wearing shoes indoors is generally acceptable. Drinking: Drinking in Japan is often a social activity. It's polite to pour drinks for others before filling your own glass and to hold your glass up when someone pours for you. A partially filled glass indicates you do not want more, whereas an empty glass suggests you would like a refill. Dining: When offered food, it's polite to hesitate before accepting. It's customary to try a bit of each dish, even if you don't eat much. Leaving a little food on your plate signifies satisfaction. Slurping noodles is acceptable and may even be seen as a compliment to the chef. Public Bathing: Traditional Japanese baths require removing all clothing and washing thoroughly before entering the communal bath. Inside, silence is observed and activities like swimming, eating or taking photos are considered inappropriate. Before exiting, towel dry in the designated area to maintain cleanliness. Dressing: Dressing in Japan leans towards modern and conservative styles. For business settings, men typically wear dark suits and ties, while women opt for dresses or suits with conservative colours and styles. Even if an invitation suggests casual attire, dressing neatly is often expected. Gifts: Gift-giving in Japan is a thoughtful gesture. Allow your Japanese counterpart to initiate the exchange and present gifts with both hands and a slight bow. It's customary to downplay the gift's significance by saying it's "just a small token." Proper wrapping is essential, as presentation matters as much as the gift itself.
  • National Flag
    The national flag of Japan, known as the Hinomaru or "circle of the sun," displays a crimson-red circle on a white background. It symbolises Japan's identity and values such as purity and sincerity and has been the official flag since 1999.
  • Potential Challenges Faced by Migrant Workers in Japan
    Indian migrants living in Japan may encounter various challenges during their stay. Addressing these issues positively can help navigate and overcome obstacles effectively. 1) Visa and Employment Issues Expired Visa: If your visa has expired and your employer is not renewing it, making your stay illegal, consider seeking assistance from the Indian embassy or consulate to facilitate your return to India. Passport Retention: If your employer insists on holding your passport, politely explain that it is essential for your identification and travel. Seek consular assistance if the issue persists. Passport Confiscation: In case your employer has taken your passport, reach out to the Indian consulate for help in retrieving it and ensuring your safe return to India. Job Role Discrepancy: If you are being asked to perform physical labour despite being hired as a skilled worker, discuss the situation with your employer. If unresolved, seek advice from the Indian consulate or local labour authorities. Visa and Contract Cancellation: Should your employer cancel your visa or contract, immediately contact the Indian embassy or consulate for guidance on your next steps. 2) Lodging Complaints Against a Foreign Employer Utilise consular services in Japan, the e-Migrate system or the MADAD Portal to register complaints against your employer. These platforms are designed to assist you in resolving such issues. 3) Keeping in Touch with Your Family Maintaining communication with your family is crucial for emotional well-being and safety. Pre-Departure: Share your employer's contact details with your family in India and carry the contact numbers of all your family members when you travel to Japan. Post-Arrival: Once you have your Japanese phone number, share it with your family. Additionally, with permission, share the contact numbers of your co-workers for emergency situations. Social Media: Utilise platforms such as WhatsApp or Facebook to stay connected with your family once you have internet access. Regular Communication: Regular calls to your family can help alleviate feelings of alienation and estrangement, ensuring you feel supported and connected. By addressing challenges proactively and maintaining strong communication with your family, you can have a more positive and fulfilling experience as a migrant worker in Japan.
  • Currency
    The official currency of Japan is the Japanese Yen. As of May 2024, 1 Japanese Yen (JPY) is equivalent to 0.53 Indian Rupees (INR).
  • Exploring Immigration to Japan
    India and Japan enjoy a well-established and positive relationship. This strategic partnership fosters a welcoming environment for skilled professionals seeking opportunities abroad. Japanese investment has demonstrably bolstered India's economic growth and skilled Indian talent is increasingly sought after in various sectors, including technology, manufacturing and healthcare. This strong collaboration presents a promising path for Indian skilled workers seeking to contribute their expertise within a supportive and dynamic market.
  • Q1: What documents do I need to open a bank account in Japan as a migrant worker?
    To open a bank account in Japan, you will typically need several documents to verify your identity and residential status. These include your passport with a valid visa or residence permit, a residence card (Zairyu card) issued by Japanese authorities, proof of your address in Japan (such as a utility bill or rental agreement) and employment details, which could be a letter from your employer confirming your status and income.
  • Q5: What should migrant workers pack for their journey to Japan?
    Migrant workers should pack clothes suitable for Japan's climate, personal hygiene products, an adequate supply of medications and snacks. They should ensure their baggage complies with airline restrictions and check baggage allowances.
  • Q4: What documents should migrant workers ensure they have before leaving for Japan?
    Migrant workers should ensure they have their passport, valid visa, original employment contract, ID documents and a copy of their medical certificate. They should also obtain their Pravasi Bharatiya Bima Yojana (PBBY) policy document.
  • Q2: How do I choose the right bank in Japan as a migrant worker?
    A: Choosing the right bank involves considering various factors that cater to non-residents or migrants. Look for banks that offer accessible branch locations or ATMs, provide services in English or with multilingual support and have reasonable fees and charges for transactions and international transfers. Some banks may also offer online banking options, which can be convenient for managing your finances remotely.
  • Q3: What are AML and KYC regulations and why are they important?
    A: AML (Anti-Money Laundering) and KYC (Know Your Customer) regulations are designed to prevent illegal activities such as money laundering and terrorism financing. Migrants must comply with these regulations by providing necessary documentation to facilitate smooth remittance transactions.
  • Demographics
    Germany boasts a population of approximately 83 million inhabitants. The majority of the populace is of German descent, although sizeable minorities of Turkish, Polish, and Italian origin also reside within the country. Additionally, the number of individuals born in India and currently residing in Germany is recorded as 210,385.
  • Clothing
    In general, Germans favour a casual and understated style of dress, opting for practicality and comfort over flamboyance. While jeans, sweaters, T-shirts, shirts, dresses, suits, coats, and boots comprise common wardrobe staples, traditional German attire like dirndls and lederhosen have not entirely disappeared from the sartorial landscape. However, these garments are typically reserved for special occasions and cultural celebrations, offering a glimpse into the country's rich heritage.
  • Major Rivers
    Germany boasts several major rivers, including the Rhine, Elbe, and Danube. The Rhine, the longest river in Germany, traverses the nation from west to east. The Elbe, the second longest, flows north to south, while the Danube, the third longest, meanders through the country from east to west.
  • Food
    German cuisine is renowned for its hearty and flavourful dishes, reflecting the nation's rich historical and cultural tapestry. Additionally, the widespread availability of Indian cuisine further enriches the culinary landscape of Germany. Regional variations play a significant role in German gastronomy, with each region boasting its own unique specialities. Here are some iconic dishes that exemplify the diversity and richness of German cuisine: Bratwurst: A grilled sausage typically made from pork or veal, often served alongside sauerkraut and potatoes. Currywurst: A grilled sausage coated in a tangy curry ketchup and curry powder, a beloved street food staple in Berlin. Sauerkraut: Pickled cabbage, frequently served as an accompaniment to sausages or other meats. Knödel: Dumplings crafted from bread, potatoes, or semolina, often served in stews or soups. Doner kebab: A Turkish import featuring grilled meat, vegetables, and sauces wrapped in pita bread, a popular fast food option in Germany. Schnitzel: A breaded and fried cutlet, usually made from veal or pork, often paired with potatoes or vegetables. Apfelstrudel: A delectable pastry filled with apples, raisins, and spices, commonly served with vanilla sauce or ice cream. Schwarzwälder Kirschtorte: A decadent chocolate cake layered with cherries and kirschwasser (cherry brandy), originating from the Black Forest region. Lebkuchen: A traditional gingerbread cookie, often adorned with nuts and spices, enjoyed as a festive treat during Christmas.
  • Topography
    The topography of Germany is predominantly characterised by low-lying plains, gradually rising to hills and mountains in the southern regions. The Zugspitze, situated within the Bavarian Alps, stands as the nation's highest peak, reaching an elevation of 2,962 metres (9,718 feet).
  • Diaspora Communities and Groups
    Connecting with diaspora groups and organizations can enrich your experience in Germany. They offer valuable information, support, and opportunities to participate in community events. You can find these groups through online platforms like Facebook (e.g., "Indians in Germany" groups), or by asking Indian workers in your area for recommendations. Remember to exercise caution when interacting online and prioritize your safety and security.
  • History of Germany
    The establishment of the German Empire in 1871 marks a significant milestone in the formal unification of the German nation-state. However, the notion of a unified German identity is a complex and contested one. Some scholars argue that the true birth of modern Germany occurred in 1990, with the reunification of East and West Germany following the collapse of the Berlin Wall. Others propose a much longer historical trajectory, tracing the origins of a German "nation"—defined as a collective sharing language, culture, and historical narratives—back millennia.
  • Time Difference Between India and Germany
    India, operating on Indian Standard Time (IST), is 3 hours and 30 minutes ahead of Germany, which adheres to Central European Time (CET). This time difference implies that when it is 12:00 PM in Germany, it is 3:30 PM in India.
  • Population
    Characterised by a long-standing tradition of immigration, Germany experienced a notable population growth of 1.3% in 2022, equivalent to an increase of 1,122,000 individuals. This followed a more modest growth of 0.1% in the preceding year. By the close of 2022, the Federal Statistical Office reported a total population of 84.4 million residents within Germany. Furthermore, the Central Register of Foreigners (AZR) indicated that approximately 351,000 individuals from non-EU countries, holding temporary residence permits for employment, were registered in Germany at the end of 2022. This underscores the ongoing significance of immigration in shaping the demographic landscape of the country.
  • Economy
    Germany boasts the world's fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP and the fifth-largest by purchasing power parity. It operates as a highly developed social market economy, characterised by a high standard of living and a comparatively low unemployment rate of 3%, notably lower than the global average of 5.8%. The nation's economic strength is underpinned by a robust manufacturing sector, with the automotive industry holding a position of prominence. Germany also excels as a major exporter of both goods and services. However, the economy is not without its challenges, including an ageing population and the increasing prevalence of automation. These are counterbalanced by strengths such as a highly skilled workforce and the aforementioned strong manufacturing base, which continue to drive economic growth and resilience.
  • Languages
    The official language of Germany is German, spoken by the vast majority of the population. However, due to the country's diverse population and history of immigration, several other languages are also commonly spoken. These include English, French, Turkish, Polish, Russian, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese.
  • Geological Features
    Germany boasts a diverse array of geological formations, such as the Rhine Valley, the Black Forest, and the Alps. The Rhine Valley, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is renowned for its picturesque landscapes and historical settlements. The Black Forest, a mountain range in southwestern Germany, is celebrated for its dense forests, serene lakes, and cascading waterfalls. The Alps, bordering Germany to the south, offer a haven for outdoor enthusiasts, providing ample opportunities for skiing, hiking, and mountaineering.
  • Climate
    The climate of Germany is significantly influenced by the North Atlantic Drift, a warm ocean current that flows along the coast of Western Europe. This moderating influence contributes to milder winters in Germany than would be expected given its latitude. Generally, the climate of Germany is considered mild and pleasant, making it an attractive destination for tourists throughout the year. However, like many regions, Germany is not immune to extreme weather events, with occasional occurrences of floods and droughts impacting the country. The country experiences a predominantly temperate climate, characterised by mild summers and cool winters. The mean temperature in January hovers around 0 ̊C (32 ̊F), while July typically sees an average of 20 ̊C (68 ̊F).
  • Rights and Responsibilities of a Migrant In Germany
    In Germany, all employed individuals are entitled to comprehensive social security rights, regardless of background. The country prioritizes social security within a human rights framework, as reflected in its constitution, the "Grundgesetz." 1. Social Security Agreement India and Germany signed a social security agreement in 2008, ensuring coverage for old employees, disabled individuals, and economically active persons. Employees are subject to the laws of the country where they work. 2. Employment Laws Seven key German labor laws protect foreign employees: General Equal Treatment Act (AGG): Prohibits discrimination and mandates employer protection against it. Maternity Protection Act: Safeguards pregnant women's rights, including paid leave before childbirth. Part-Time & Fixed-Term Work Act (TzBfG): Protects part-time and contract employees from discrimination. Federal Act on Holidays: Guarantees a minimum of 20 paid vacation days per year. Minimum Wage Act: Ensures a minimum hourly wage of 12 euros (as of October 2022). Hours of Work Act: Regulates working hours, breaks, and rest days. Protection Against Dismissal Act: Protects employees from unjustified termination. 3. Social Insurance Germany's comprehensive social insurance system provides financial security in various situations. Compulsory contributions cover: Statutory health insurance: Covers most medical costs. Pension insurance: Provides for retirement. Long-term care insurance: Covers care needs due to age, accident, or illness. Unemployment insurance: Offers financial support to those out of work. Occupational accident insurance: Protects against workplace accidents and illnesses. Upon starting work, you'll receive a social security ID (Sozialversicherungsausweis) as proof of membership in the system.
  • Indian community in Germany
    Indian migration to Germany began in the early 20th century, primarily attracting independence fighters and students. This continued post-war, with students and later Catholic nurses from Kerala forming the initial wave. These immigrants integrated successfully, establishing the first Indian associations. Smaller-scale migration occurred in East Germany, mainly involving temporary workers. Germany is divided into four consular regions: Berlin, Frankfurt, Hamburg, and Munich. The majority of Indian diaspora associations are concentrated around Frankfurt, followed by Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich. Consular officials oversee diaspora matters. The Indian community in Germany, encompassing both expatriates and German citizens of Indian origin, numbered around 247,000 in 2022, with 198,000 having a migration background. This constitutes the second-largest group from South, Southeast, East, or Central Asia, after Afghans. Various speaking unions exist for Hindi, Tamil, English, Marathi, and Telugu languages. The Indian Culture Centre in Germany and other diaspora groups offer opportunities for engagement within the community.
  • Religion Groups
  • Culture
    Germany boasts a rich cultural heritage, shaped by its historical legacy and its position at the heart of Europe. The nation is home to a multitude of globally renowned cultural institutions, including the esteemed Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra and the opulent Munich Opera House. Germany is equally celebrated for its culinary traditions, notably its diverse array of beers, sausages, and vibrant festivals.
  • Public Holidays
    Public holidays in Germany are a time for people to relax and celebrate with family and friends. Many businesses and schools are closed on public holidays. The Public Holidays in Germany are as follows In addition to these federal holidays, each state in Germany also has its own holidays. For example, the state of Bavaria has a holiday on October 12, which is the feast day of Saint Corbinian, the patron saint of Bavaria.
  • Transportation
    Germany has a wide range of transport options available to the public. Let’s look into them: Trains in germany Germany boasts an extensive and efficient public transportation system, encompassing both regional and urban train services. Regional Train Services: Interregio-Express (IRE) and Regional-Express (RE): These regional trains connect cities and towns within a specific region, offering faster service than local trains. Regionalbahn (RB): These local trains stop at all stations along a particular route, providing comprehensive coverage of the region. S-Bahn (Stadtschnellbahn): These suburban trains link urban centers with their surrounding suburbs, facilitating commuter travel. Deutsche Bahn (DB), the national railway company, operates most of these regional train services, although some private companies also contribute to the network. Urban Train Services: U-Bahn (Untergrundbahn): These underground metro networks operate within major cities, providing rapid transit for urban commuters. U-Bahn networks and trams are typically managed by local public transportation authorities in each city. S-Bahn Networks: There are 14 S-Bahn networks in Germany, serving major metropolitan areas: o Berlin o Bremen o Dresden o Hamburg o Hanover o Magdeburg o Mitteldeutschland (Leipzig and Halle) o Munich (München) o Nuremberg (Nürnberg) o Rhein-Main (Frankfurt am Main) o Rhein-Neckar (Heidelberg and Mannheim) o Rhein-Ruhr (Bonn, Cologne, Dortmund, Düsseldorf, and Essen) o Rostock o Stuttgart U-Bahn Networks: There are four U-Bahn networks in Germany, located in the following cities: o Berlin o Hamburg o Munich o Nuremberg 1. Train tickets and costs in Germany Train ticket prices in Germany vary considerably depending on the type of service and the booking method. a) Regional and Urban Trains: For regional and urban trains (Regionalbahn, Regional-Express, S-Bahn, and U-Bahn), advance booking is typically unnecessary. Ticket prices are fixed, and reservations are neither required nor available. Whether purchased online or at a ticket machine, the price remains consistent. b) Intercity Trains (IC, EC, ICE): Advance booking is customary for intercity services, and three fare types are available: Flexpreis: This is the full fare price, with second-class tickets capped at €157.50. It offers flexibility with free exchanges and refunds and is valid on any train of the same or lower service class on the same day. Additionally, it includes same-day public transportation for journeys exceeding 100 kilometres. Sparpreis: This discounted fare can be as low as €21.10 for second-class tickets. Cancellations are permitted before the travel date for a fee of €10, while refunds are issued as vouchers. These tickets are only valid for the specific trains listed on the ticket and include same-day public transportation for journeys over 100 kilometres. Super Sparpreis: This is the most affordable fare option, with second-class tickets starting at €17.50. However, it comes with no cancellations or refunds and is restricted to the trains specified on the ticket. It does not include local public transportation. c) Advance Ticket Sales: Advance ticket sales for German trains open 180 days prior to the departure date. Tickets can be purchased at DB ticket offices, through the DB Navigator app, or on the Deutsche Bahn website. Online ticket sales are available in several languages, including German, English, Czech, Danish, Dutch, French, Italian, Polish, and Spanish. By understanding the different fare types and booking options, travellers can make informed decisions and potentially save money on their train journeys in Germany. 2. Train timetables and maps in Germany Deutsche Bahn, the German railway company, does not offer a downloadable version of their complete timetable. However, you can use their online booking tool to search for specific itineraries, or you can download route maps and departure/arrival plans for individual stations. 3. Train stations in Germany With approximately 5,400 train stations across Germany, Deutsche Bahn employs a practical categorisation system (Preisklasse) to inform passengers about the services and amenities available at each station. Preisklasse (Category 1): These 21 stations are the major transportation hubs of Germany, offering comprehensive services such as staffed counters, shops, dining options, and accessible platforms. Examples include Berlin Hauptbahnhof and Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof. Preisklasse (Category 2): These 86 stations are important intercity stops, typically staffed during train operating hours. Braunschweig Hauptbahnhof and Hagen Hauptbahnhof fall into this category. Preisklasse (Category 3): There are 239 stations in this category, usually serving cities with populations of around 50,000. They feature a station hall with some shopping options but are not permanently staffed. Examples include Eisenach and Bad Hersfeld. Preisklasse (Category 4): These 630 stations primarily serve regional commuter traffic and lack ticketing offices. Ludwigslust and Meiningen are examples of Category 4 stations. Preisklasse (Category 5): With 1,070 stations, this category encompasses those serving small towns and outer suburbs. They typically have basic and robust equipment to withstand potential vandalism. Examples include Marburg Süd and Wedel (Holst). Preisklasse (Category 6): These 2,500 stations are located in sparsely populated areas and offer minimal amenities. Niesky and Raddusch are examples of Category 6 stations. Preisklasse (Category 7): The 870 stations in this category are found in rural areas and usually consist of a single platform with infrequent service. Miesterhorst and Ueckermünde Stadthafen fall into this category. Buses in Germany Bus services in Germany are not managed by a single national authority. Each federal state (Land) oversees local transportation within its borders. This results in a diverse network of bus service providers. Transport associations (Verkehrsverbund) are responsible for buses and trams within their respective regions. Some examples of public transportation companies in major German cities include: Berlin: BVG Bremen: VBN Cologne and Bonn: VRS Dresden: DVB Frankfurtam Main: RMV Hamburg: HVV Hannover: GVH Leipzig and Halle: LVB Magdeburg: MVB Munich: MVV Nuremberg: VGN Stuttgart: VVS Many German cities also complement their core bus service with trams (Straßenbahnen). Night buses are prevalent in urban areas, though less so in smaller towns. Bus tickets and costs in Germany Ticket prices for buses in Germany are determined by the local public transportation authority operating the service. Generally, five types of tickets are available: Kurzstrecke (short trip ticket): Valid for a very short duration, usually 30 minutes or less, and typically limited to a few stops without transfers. Einzelfahrt (single ticket): Valid for a longer period, usually 60-90 minutes, allowing for transfers between vehicles. In some cities like Berlin, single ticket prices vary based on the number of zones travelled. Tageskarte (day ticket): Offers either unlimited travel for 24 hours from the time of purchase or unlimited travel on a specific calendar day, often with a few additional hours of validity after midnight. Wochenkarte (week ticket): Provides unlimited travel within a specified area for a full week. Gruppentageskarte (group day ticket): Available from some public transportation authorities, these tickets allow up to five passengers to travel on a single ticket, ideal for group outings. Taxis and ride-sharing services in Germany Taxis in Germany are less common and pricier than in some other countries due to the comprehensive public transportation network. While available at hotels, transportation hubs, and taxi stands, they can be harder to hail on the street. Using taxi apps, direct calls, or requesting assistance from businesses are often more effective. Fares are standardized with regional variations, typically involving a base fare of €3-5 plus €1-3 per kilometer. Longer trips may have negotiated or fixed fares. Agreeing on a price upfront is essential for journeys over 50 kilometers, as drivers must take the shortest route. For frequent train travellers, Deutsche Bahn offers BahnCards, providing discounts on ticket prices: BahnCard 25: 25% off all train tickets (Flexpreis, Sparpreis, and Super Sparpreis). BahnCard 50: 50% off Flexpreis tickets; 25% off Sparpreis and Super Sparpreis tickets. BahnCard 100: Unlimited travel across the Deutsche Bahn network. Youth BahnCard 25: 25% off Flexpreis and Sparpreis tickets for travellers aged 6-18. It's crucial to stay updated on the latest regulations and restrictions in Germany. Some general rules to keep in mind include: Speed limits: The maximum speed limit on highways is 130 kilometers per hour (81 miles per hour). Drinking and driving: The legal blood alcohol content (BAC) limit is 0.05%. Smoking: Prohibited in most public places, including restaurants, bars, and public transportation. Penalties: Violations of the law in Germany can result in severe penalties, including hefty fines for offences like driving under the influence.
  • Working in Germany
    1. Benefits of Moving to Germany Economic Advantages: Migration to Germany offers higher wages and favourable currency exchange rates, leading to enhanced financial prospects. Social Enrichment: Migrants benefit from experiencing a diverse culture, interacting with people from various backgrounds, and acquiring new skills and knowledge. It is crucial to weigh the costs and benefits of migration to ensure that the positive outcomes significantly outweigh any potential drawbacks. 2. The Costs of Working in Germany Before deciding to migrate to Germany, it's crucial to assess the costs and benefits involved. There are three main types of costs to consider: Economic: These include recruitment fees, passport and visa costs, emigration clearance, insurance, airfare (ideally covered by your employer), and other migration-related expenses. Social & Emotional: Leaving behind family members and adjusting to a new culture can be emotionally challenging. Health: Migration can sometimes lead to physical and mental health problems like anxiety and depression due to the stress of adapting to a new environment. Weighing these costs against the potential benefits is essential in making an informed decision about whether migration is the right choice for you. 3. Financial Considerations When Moving to Germany Having weighed the costs and benefits of migration and defined your objectives, it's crucial to delve into the financial aspects: Debt Management: If you're borrowing money for migration, ensure a repayment plan that won't hinder your goals. Currency & Exchange Rates: Familiarize yourself with the Euro (EUR) and the exchange rate with the Indian Rupee (INR), currently around €1 = ₹89.81. Learn how to convert between currencies. Cost of Living: Research the expenses in your intended German state, including rent, food, travel, and entertainment, as Germany is generally more expensive than India. Insurance: Obtain necessary insurance coverage before migrating to safeguard against unforeseen events. Understand the types of insurance required and the claims process. Check if Parvas Bhartiya Bima Yojana (PBBY) is mandatory for you. Money Management: Effective financial management is key for a comfortable life and goal achievement: Budgeting: Create a monthly spending plan and adhere to it. Saving: Prioritize saving a portion of your income before spending. Investing: Explore investment options like fixed deposits, recurring deposits, mutual funds, and shares to grow your money. Emergency Fund: Build an emergency fund with at least three months' worth of living expenses to handle unexpected situations. By addressing these financial considerations, you'll be better prepared for a smooth and successful transition to life in Germany. 4. How to find work opportunities in Germany Indian workers seeking employment in Germany have two main avenues: National Skill Development Corporation International (NSDCI): Their job portal (https://www.nsdcinternational.com/looking-for-jobs) offers a platform to explore various job opportunities in Germany. Indian Recruitment Agencies (IRAs): These agencies act as intermediaries, assisting with job placement, document procurement, and contract clarification. a) How to identify a registered recruitment agency To avoid fraud, choose a licensed Indian Recruitment Agency (IRA). Check the MEA Website: Find a list of licensed IRAs on the Ministry of External Affairs website. Verify Registration: Ensure the agency displays a valid Registration Certificate (RC) issued by the Protector General of Emigrants (PGE). Avoid Sub-Agents: Licensed IRAs are not allowed to use sub-agents. Assess Office Premises: Registered IRAs must have adequate office space with necessary amenities. Look for a Signboard: The agency should display a signboard with its name, registration number, and year of registration. Fee Limit: Registered IRAs can charge up to Rs. 30,000 for Emigration Clearance. Report any higher fees to e-Migrate or MADAD portal. b) Responsibilities of recruitment agents Ensure a licensed Indian Recruitment Agency (IRA) adheres to these responsibilities: Provide receipts for payments. Disclose employment details and contract conditions before recruitment. Ensure proper reception by the employer upon arrival in Germany. Prevent the employer from altering contract terms after employment. Ensure employer compliance with contract terms. Timely renewal of documents authorizing your stay in Germany. Facilitate dispute resolution between you and the employer. To file a complaint against an IRA, contact the Protector General of Emigrants (PGE) at pge@mea.gov.in or call Pravasi Bhartiya Sahayata Kendra (PBSK) at 1800-11-3090. 5. Requirements of Moving to Germany To work in Germany, you'll need to meet the following requirements: Age: You must be 18 years or older. Apply for a passport on the Passport Seva website (https://www.passportindia.gov.in/AppOnlineProject/welcomeLink#). Valid Passport: Your passport should be issued within the last 10 years and have at least 2 blank pages for visas. Passport Photos: Submit 3 recent, identical biometric passport photos adhering to ICAO guidelines. Qualifications: Provide proof of academic and professional qualifications, starting with the highest and including your school leaving certificate. Experience: Detail your prior work experience to demonstrate your skills and expertise to immigration authorities. Language Proficiency: While German is widely spoken, language requirements vary by profession. Check if your chosen field requires German language proficiency. Job Description: Submit a signed employment, training, or internship contract from your German employer. Health Insurance: Obtain a certificate of compulsory health insurance from your employer, valid from your employment start date. If not covered, provide separate travel insurance for the period between arrival and employment commencement. 6. Requirements of a German Employment Visa To apply for a German Employment Visa, you will need the following documents: Valid passport (issued within the last ten years, valid for at least another year, and with at least two empty pages) Two signed copies of the completed application form Declaration providing additional contact and legal representation information Three biometric passport photos (not older than six months) Two A4-size copies of your passport's data page Two copies of the Annexure with information about your job in Germany "Erklärung zum Beschäftigungsverhältnis" form filled and signed by your employer, along with Appendix A Proof of vocational training (if applicable) Deficit/partial recognition notification from The Recognition Portal (if applicable) Proof of German language proficiency (at least A2, B1 for nurses) or registration for a German language course Original employment contract Proof of qualification and previous experience certificates Federal Employment Agency approval letter (if applicable) Compulsory health insurance certificate from your German employer Visa fee of 75 EUR/₹6750 paid in INR Remember to submit two sets of these documents, and all certificates, including the employment contract, should be in original. 7. Sections of german employment contract An employment contract outlines the agreement between you and your employer, detailing the rights and responsibilities of both parties. It adheres to German Employment Legislation and should include the following essential details: Inception of the contract Time limit Probation period Place of work Job description Remuneration (Salary) Working hours Paid leaves Notice period Collective bargaining agreements and company agreements
  • Benefits and Allowances in Germany
    As well as statutory health insurance, pension insurance, unemployment insurance and long-term care insurance, the German government’s social security system also provides several different benefitsand allowances. These are available for anyone on a lower income to help them cover basic subsistence costs such as rent and raising children: Housing benefit (Wohngeld): Available as rent support for tenants or mortgage and home upkeep support for homeowners. Child benefits (Kindergeld): Financial support for parents to help with the costs of raising children. Maternity benefit (Mutterschaftsgeld): Paid leave for mothers before and after childbirth. Parental allowance (Elterngeld): Financial support for parents during the first months of their child's life. Sickness benefit (Krankengeld): Compensation for lost income due to illness. Child sickness benefit (Kinderkrankengeld): Partial reimbursement for lost earnings when caring for a sick child. General Contact Information Emergency Numbers: 112 for fire and ambulance, 110 for police. Hotline for Sexual Assault: 0800 116 016 or online. Embassies: Contact your respective embassy for assistance. Details are available on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs website: https://indianembassyberlin.gov.in/
  • India Germany Relationship
    India and Germany share a strong bilateral relationship based on democratic principles. India becoming an increasingly important trading partner for Germany, both countries see potential for collaboration in various sectors, including knowledge-driven fields like IT, biotechnology, and renewable energy. To promote mutual economic growth, India and Germany have established a Labour Mobility Agreement to facilitate the recruitment and employment of Indian workers in Germany, adhering to the laws of both countries.
  • Natural Resources
    Germany possesses a variety of natural resources, notably coal, natural gas, and timber. Additionally, the country has emerged as a significant producer of renewable energy, particularly solar and wind power.
  • Q.5 How can I manage money in Germany?
    Effective money management in Germany is crucial for achieving your financial goals and handling unforeseen situations. Here's a simplified guide: 1. Open an NRE Account: An NRE (Non-Resident External) account in India allows you to safely keep your money, earn interest, and easily send funds back home, with tax-free benefits. Choose a bank with a branch in Germany for convenience. 2. Embrace Online Banking: Familiarize yourself with online banking features like checking balances, transferring funds, and paying bills. Prioritize security by using strong passwords, enabling two-factor authentication, and avoiding public Wi-Fi for financial transactions. Learn to use digital payment methods like mobile wallets for easy cashless transactions. 3. Manage Your Money: Set Financial Goals: Clearly define your financial objectives and discuss them with your family before migrating. Expenses & Savings: Save a portion of your salary every month before spending. Consult your bank for suitable savings options. Create a budget based on your remaining income, distinguishing between wants and needs. Track Your Spending: Monitor your expenses to ensure adherence to your budget and identify areas for potential savings. Emergency Fund & Insurance: Build an emergency fund for unexpected events like job loss or illness. Obtain adequate insurance coverage to mitigate financial risks. By following these guidelines, you can effectively manage your finances in Germany and work towards achieving your financial goals.
  • Q4. What are the common German phrases I should learn before moving to Germany?
    Yes: Ja. (Yah) No: Nein (Nine) Please: Bitte (BIT-tuh) Thank You: Danke (DAN-keh) I’m Sorry: Es tut mir leid (es toot meer lied) You’re welcome: Bitte sehr (BIT- tuh zayr) Excuse me. (getting attention): Entschuldigen Sie. (ent-SHUL-di-gen zee) Excuse me (begging pardon): Entschuldigung. (ent-SHUL-di-goong) I don't understand: Ich verstehe das nicht. (ikh fur-SHTAY-uh dahs nikht) Where's the toilet please?: Wo ist die Toilette, bitte? (voh ist dee twah-LET-uh, BIT-tuh?) Do you speak English? : Sprichst du / Sprechen Sie englisch? (shprikhst doo / shprekhen zee ENG-lish?) I can't speak German well: Ich kann nicht so gut deutsch. (ikh kahn nikht zo goot doytsh) Does anyone here speak English? : Kann hier jemand Englisch? (kahn heer YEH-mahnd ENG-lish?) Help!: Hilfe! (HILL-fuh!) Hello: Guten Tag. (GOO-ten tahk) or Hallo (hah-LOH) (informal) Hello (in Bavaria / Austria): Grüß Gott! (gruus got) (formal, literally: "salute to god") or Servus! (SEHR-voos) (to a friend / informal but polite) Good morning: Guten Morgen. (GOO-ten MOR-gen) Good evening: Guten Abend. (GOO-ten AH-bend) How are you?: Wie geht's? (vee gayts?)  Fine, thank you.: Danke, gut. (DAN-kuh, goot) What's your name?: Wie heißt du? (informal to friends) (vee highst doo?)  / Wie heißen Sie? (formal) (vee HIGH-sen zee?) My name is... : Ich heiße... (ikh HIGH-suh) Nice to meet you: Nett, Sie kennen zu lernen. (net zee KEN-en tsoo LER-nen) Goodbye: Tschüs. (informal) (chuuss) / Auf Wiedersehen (formal) (owf VEE-der-say-en) Goodbye (in Bavaria/Austria): Servus! (ZEHR-foos) (to a friend / informal but polite) Good evening: Guten Abend. (GOO-ten AH-bend) Good night (to sleep): Gute Nacht. (GOO-tuh nakht)
  • Q1. What are the different categories of work permits in Germany?
    Germany offers various types of work permits tailored to different qualifications and employment situations: General Work Permit: For those who have a job offer in Germany that cannot be filled by an EU national. Exceptional skills are not required. Highly Skilled Worker Permit: Designed for professionals with extensive experience and a high income. EU Blue Card: For highly qualified individuals with a minimum annual salary of €56,400 (or €43,992 for certain professions). Work Permit for Freelancers: For self-employed individuals with proof of potential clients in Germany.
  • Q2. How should I apply for a residence permit in Germany?
    To apply for a Residence Permit in Germany, you must submit an application to both the German embassy and your employer. Your employer will require the following documents: Valid passport: Issued within the last 10 years, valid for at least another year from the visa application date, and with at least two empty pages. Passports with remarks on the front data page are not accepted. Two copies of the application form: Completed and signed. Two copies of the Declaration: Providing additional contact and legal representation information. Two A4-size copies of your passport's data page. Two copies of your employment visa. Original and two copies of the "Erklärung zum Beschäftigungsverhältnis" form: Filled and signed by your future employer, along with Appendix A (Zusatzblatt A). Proof of foreign vocational training. Deficit or partial recognition notification: Issued by the relevant body for recognizing vocational training, found at www.anerkennung-in-deutschland.de. Registration for a language course: If language acquisition is not part of your qualification process.
  • Q3. What are the various Government resources available for migrants in Germany?
    The Indian government offers several resources to assist individuals seeking work in Germany: e-Migrate Portal (https://emigrate.gov.in/): Captures emigrant data Verifies employer and agency credentials Generates employment contracts Provides Pravasi Bhartiya Bima Yojana insurance (up to ₹10 lakh) Pravasi Bharatiya Sahayata Kendra (PBSK): Offers support services to those seeking employment abroad Registers complaints and channels them to relevant authorities Provides counseling and crisis management Operates a 24x7 helpline (1800-11-3090) Has regional centers in Delhi, Lucknow, Hyderabad, Chennai, and Kochi Protector General of Emigrants (PGE): Protects the interests of Indian workers abroad Grants emigration clearance Inspects emigrant conveyances Inquires into the treatment of emigrants Aids and advises returning emigrants Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PKVY): Provides pre-departure orientation training (PDOT) on the destination country's culture, language, traditions, and laws Pravasi Bharatiya Bima Yojana (PBBY): Mandatory insurance before applying for Emigration Clearance Premiums of ₹275 (2 years) or ₹375 (3 years) Offers various benefits, including accidental death/disability coverage (₹10 lakh), repatriation, medical cover, etc. By utilizing these resources, Indian workers can access necessary information, support, and protection throughout their employment journey in Germany.
  • Leaves
    Annual Leave: 21 days if the worker has completed one year of service; and 30 days after 5 years of continuous service with the same employer. Medical leave: First 30 days sick leave with full wage; next 60 days with 3/4th of wage; and without pay for the following 30 days in a single year. Paternity Leave: 3 days leave on the birth of a child. Maternity Leave: 10 weeks - four weeks before the expected date of delivery and six weeks after the delivery, extendable by one month without pay. Leave salary admissible is half the salary, if served with the employer for one year, and full salary if the service is for three years or more. Other Types of leave: Death of spouse or children: 5 days leave will be allowed. A female employee, in the event of death of her husband is entitled to 15-130 days leave under certain conditions. Haj: Paid leave of 10-15 days once during service is allowed for performing Haj for an employee who has previously not performed Haj, after completing two years of service. Public Holidays: Saudi National Day, Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha are fully paid holidays and if the workers required to work, they are entitled to overtime.
  • Important Festivals
    Eid al-Fitr Eid al-Adha Saudi National Day Mawlid al-Nabi Islamic New Year (Hijri New Year)



  • Exploring the Vibrant Culture
    Saudi Arabian culture is a blend of Islamic heritage, ancient trade routes, and Bedouin traditions. Emphasising strong family bonds, it values traditions such as respect for elders, modesty, and honesty.
  • Visa Requirements
    Indian nationals working in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia need a Work Visa, obtained through their employer. The employer applies for a work permit, and upon approval, a Visa Authorization Number is issued. The applicant then applies for the visa at the Embassy of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in India. Within 90 days of arrival, the employer must also secure the employee's residency permit (Iqama). The Work Visa allows for a specific work period and includes provisions for bringing family on a Family Visit Visa. The application, processed in 5 to 14 days through the embassy, simplifies paperwork for the applicant, mainly handled by the employer. Eligibility for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Work Visa To be eligible to apply for this type of permit, you must meet the following criteria: a) You must possess a passport valid for at least 6 months from the travel date. b) You must be sponsored by a Saudi company or organization. c) You must possess an invitation letter from the Saudi organization attested by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in Arabic. d) Your motive behind the visit must be to participate in work activities for technical professions such as engineering, architecture, etc. Stepwise Process to Attain the Work Visa Before applying for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s work permit, you must confirm that you meet all requirements and have all the required supporting documents. The steps are elaborated below: Step 1: Gathering Required Supporting Documents Your Saudi employer or sponsor would need specific documents from you to apply for your work visa on the Enjazit Website. You must provide them with the necessary paperwork promptly. Step 2: Employer Applies for Your Work Permit with the Labour Ministry After providing required documents, your Saudi employer applies for your work permit on the Enjazit Website, linked to the Ministry of Interior's site. The application status can be checked there from time to time. Step 3: Application For Work Visa at The Embassy Assuming approval from the Ministry of Human Resources & Social Development, your Saudi Arabian employer will inform the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. They will then process the application for the Visa Authorization Number. Once issued, you can apply for a Work Visa at the Embassy in New Delhi or Mumbai, using the Visa Authorization Letter from your employer. Note that visa applications in India are accepted only through registered travel agencies listed on the Embassy's website. Step 4: Application For the Iqama in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia If your work Visa is approved, you can travel to work in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. However, within 90 days of arrival, you must obtain the Saudi Residency Permit (Iqama). The Iqama serves as proof of legal status and is essential for various activities like banking, mobile services, and travel. Your employer is responsible for providing the Iqama within 90 days after your arrival, following a medical test and health insurance arrangement. If not provided or renewed on time, you can contact the Ministry of Labour at the toll-free helpline (19911) to file a complaint. Upon receiving the Iqama, ensure that your name matches your passport. Any corrections can be made through the sponsor at the Jawazat office. The Iqama allows you to stay and work in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for an extended period, granted your employer applies for the residency permit within 90 days. The Ministry of Human Resources & Social Development processes Iqama applications within 1 to 3 weeks. Once approved, carry it at all times as proof of your legal right to work in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Visa Processing Time The processing times for a Work Visa vary at different stages. First, the Ministry of Human Resources & Social Development takes 2 business days to process your employer's work permit application. After approval, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs issues the Visa Authorization Number (VAN) in 14 working days. The Embassy/Consulate then processes your Work Visa in 5 working days. Work Visa Fees Your employer will be liable for your Work Permit fees when they apply for the permit on your behalf. The fees look are as follows: a) 7200 Saudi Riyals (INR 1,59,575) if your employer employs more than 50% of Saudi nationals. This includes 750 SAR (INR 16, 622) for the Iqama 6000 SAR (INR 1,32,979) for the Work Permit and 450 SAR (INR 9,973) for health insurance. b) 8400 SAR (INR 1,86,171) if your employer employs more than 50% of expatriates. The work permit fee increases to 7200 SAR (INR 1,59,575), and the costs for Iqama and health insurance remain the same at 750 SAR (INR 16, 622) & 450 SAR (INR 9,973) respectively. Work Visa Validity Different Work Visas for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia have different durations based on your employment contract’s period. Some Work Visas are valid for 6 months from the date of issue. The Saudi Arabian Iqama (residency permit) is valid for up to 1 year. All Work Visas for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia can be renewed with the Ministry of Human Resources & Social Development. Required Documents for Work Visa Your employer must first apply to hire you as an expatriate Indian employee with the Saudi Arabian Ministry of Human Resources & Social Development. They will require the following supporting documents for the application process. Your original passport is valid beyond your employment period. It must also have two blank pages where your Visa will be affixed. Your passport-size photographs on a white background. Your signed employment contract. Your employment letter that the Ministry of External Affairs and the Saudi Arabian Chamber of Commerce have certified. Two copies of signed medical reports/ medical certificate. Certified copies of your college/university qualifications that the Saudi Arabian Cultural Mission has verified. Power Of Attorney Document. Proof of work visa fee payment through the Enjazit website. For Embassy applications, you will simply need to submit the following documents to the chosen registered agency: a) Completed the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Work Visa Application Form. b) Valid Indian Passport with validity beyond your employment period in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The passport must also have two clear pages where the Visa stamps can be affixed. c) Two recent passport-size photographs. Financial Requirements for the Work Visa Your Saudi Arabian employer must meet specific requirements for your work visa approval. Besides the work visa fees, which are usually covered by the employer, there are additional fees related to your residence in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Temporary Work Visa The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's Vision 2030 is driving a surge in projects, requiring more workers. To meet this demand, a new Temporary Work Visa has been introduced for short-term workers. Regardless of nationality, those intending to work in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia must obtain this visa, with approval from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs secured by the sponsoring company. The visa, valid for 90 days with a 90-day extension option, allows multiple entries, enabling flexibility for workers during this period. It must be used within a year of issuance. Other Visas In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, only those with a valid Employment visa are legally allowed to work. Working on other visas, such as Tourist visas, is prohibited. Offenders face detention, fines, and deportation, with a subsequent ban on re-entry to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. You cannot undertake employment and work in KSA on the following visas Family Visit visa (بعة ئ ل ي شأت ةري يز ةرب tashirato ziyarat eayila) is meant for the family members of the eligible workers to visit them, and employment is prohibited on this visa. Family visa (-شأت ةري يز ةرب) tashirato siyarat) is meant for the family members of the eligible workers to accompany (stay with) them, and employment is prohibited on this visa. Haj Visa ( شأت ةري جح)tashirato Haj) and Umrah visa (شةر ةري أتمع tashirato Umrah) is issued only for the purpose of holy pilgrimage. Business visa (-شأت ةري يراجت ت tashirato tijarih) is meant for investors/business visitors. Business Work visa ( ةريشأت تيراجت Tashirato Tijariah Lilamal) allows companies to bring in skilled and highly specialized categories of workers for specific work of a short duration (2 months) and the holders are required to leave the Kingdom before expiry of the visa. ​ Please note that “Free Visas” do not exist in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Relevant Terms and Meanings
    Iqama (Residence Permit): A mandatory identification card including personal details, job information, and sponsor details. Sponsorship System (Kafala): The system where migrant workers require a Saudi sponsor (usually their employer) to live and work in the country. Saudi Riyal (SAR): The official currency of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Hijri Calendar: The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia uses the Islamic Hijri calendar for official and religious purposes. Halal: Refers to food, practices, or products that adhere to Islamic law. Jumu'ah (Friday) Prayer: The weekly congregational prayer that holds special significance in Islam. Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha: Two major Islamic festivals celebrated in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Saudization: A government initiative to increase employment opportunities for Saudi nationals. Mabahith (Saudi Intelligence): The Saudi Arabian intelligence agency. Tawuniya: Refers to insurance. Abaya: A traditional black cloak worn by women. Nitaqat System: A program that classifies Saudi companies based on their Saudization efforts, affecting their ability to hire migrant workers. King Fahd International Airport (DMM): The main airport in Dammam, commonly used by international travelers. Tahsildar: A local government officer responsible for revenue and tax collection.
  • Languages Spoken
    Arabic is the official language, but people also use English in their daily conversations.
  • RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES AS A MIGRANT WORKER
    Rights In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, labour laws regulate the relationship between employers and employees, ensuring that workers receive their entitled rights. It is essential for individuals to be informed about their rights to safeguard their well-being, safety, and fair treatment while residing in the host country. Here are key rights that individuals should be mindful of You have the right to keep the original of your personal documents, including passport, visa, and employment contract. ​ Your working hours are regulated, and you have the right to overtime compensation ​ You have the right to complain and seek protection if any of your rights are violated or if your employer has exploited you. If you think you have been cheated, wronged, or treated in a way that discriminates against you, you must seek assistance. ​ You have the right to refuse overtime work. ​ You have the right to rest time of at least 30 minutes after no more than five consecutive hours of work. ​ You have the right to working days off. If you have completed one year in service of the employer, you are entitled to an annual vacation of 21 days, with full wages payable in advance. After five years of service, the number of annual leave days increases up to 30 days. ​ You have the right to one day off each week. ​ You have the right to public holidays. ​ You have the right to take medical leave. ​ You have the right to receive your wages during a period of illness. ​ You have the right to be paid the following provisions outlined in the Saudi Labour Code. ​ You have the right to leave your workplace during your free time. ​ You have the right to be paid for work completed even if you are arrested, quit your job, or are fired. ​ The Saudi Labour Code does not permit workers to create unions, bargain collectively or strike. Anyone who tries to form a union can be dismissed, imprisoned, or, in the case of migrant workers, deported.
  • Currency
    The Saudi Riyal (SAR) has been the official currency of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia since its inception. As of December 2023, the exchange rate is 1 SAR to INR 22.22.
  • Medical/Health Insurance
    It is mandatory for employers to provide their migrant workers with health insurance. Soon after arrival, to obtain the medical insurance, which is a prerequisite for issuing Iqama, a worker must undergo a medical test at approved medical centres.
  • Responsibilities
    Some of the responsibilities as a migrant worker in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia include: If you wish to take leave from your job (for personal reasons or vacation), make sure you inform your employer beforehand. Taking an extended leave without notifying your employer could be grounds for terminating your contract. If you are sick and cannot go to work, inform your employer as soon as possible and obtain a medical certificate. Many workers die from cardiac arrest due to simultaneous exposure to extreme heat and extreme cold. If you work outdoors, do not turn the air conditioner very high immediately after returning to your room. Take precautions to avoid contracting HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. Respect your host country's culture, food customs, and dress code. Show respect towards women and never tease them, ogle, or stare at them. Never participate in drug selling, drug abuse, or any other criminal activity; never physically abuse anyone (including a friend or girlfriend/boyfriend) or bully someone on the basis of ethnic, cultural, physical, religious, or sectarian differences. Make an effort to learn the basic norms and laws of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, including traffic rules. Always use the zebra crossing or the overhead bridge to cross a road. Abide by the rules and regulations of your workplace. The regulations are typically displayed in a visible area in the workplace. Check the expiry dates of your documents, including your passport, residence permit, and ID card. To renew your passport, go to the Indian Embassy; for other documents, inform your employer well in advance of their expiration date. If you experience problems at work, talk to your family, a friend, your employer, the Embassy or Consulate of the Kingdom of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the recruitment agent, or the Protector Office of India. The telephone numbers of the Embassy or Consulate and the Protector Offices are provided towards the end of the kit.
  • Social and Cultural Norms Shaping the Saudi Society
    Respecting Religious Practices Islam is the official religion in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, influencing daily life. Migrant workers are urged to respect local customs. Modest Clothing Modest clothing is deemed respectful for both men and women in public spaces. Women are generally expected to wear an abaya, a loose-fitting black robe, while men should opt for conservative attire, avoiding shorts or sleeveless shirts. Gender Segregation Public spaces are segregated by gender and it's important for unrelated individuals of the opposite sex to maintain a respectful distance. Exploring the Holy Cities Makkah and Madinah, the two holiest cities in Islam, hold significant spiritual importance and are open exclusively to Muslim pilgrims.
  • The Capital City
    Riyadh is the capital of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.











  • Working Hours/ Weekly Holidays/ Overtime Allowance
    a) Working hours are 8 hours daily and 48 hours per week. During the month of Ramadan, the working hours are reduced to six hours a day and 36 hours a week, for Muslim workers. b) Overtime rates are 150% of the hourly wage. c) Friday is the weekly rest day which may be replaced with any other day of the week. d) The rest period of 30 minutes during workday is provided and the worker shall not be made to work for more than 5 hours continuously. In no case total working hours should 12 hours per day.
  • The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and India's Time Delta
    The time in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is 2 hours and 30 minutes behind that of India.
  • The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia as your next Professional Frontier
    Comparing Costs and Benefits Moving to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for work brings various opportunities beyond the initial expenses. It's essential to evaluate economic, social, and health factors, alongside highlighting the positive aspects that make it an attractive destination for employment. a) Economic Benefits ​ Job Opportunities Jobs in sectors such as oil and gas, healthcare, and technology offer a good compensation for skilled professionals, ensuring financial stability and growth potential. Whether you are an experienced professional or a recent graduate, the economy presents many opportunities to pursue your aspirations and achieve financial success. Professional Development Being exposed to the latest technologies and global work standards can enhance your ability to develop valuable skills that will be useful throughout your career. b) Social Benefits Cultural Enrichment The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia provides migrant workers with a chance to experience a rich and unique cultural environment. Global Networking Living in a diverse setting allows one to build connections with people from different nations and backgrounds, opening doors to personal and professional opportunities. Quality of Life The country offers modern infrastructure, amenities, and a vibrant social life for a comfortable and high-quality living experience. Health and Well-being The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia prioritizes residents' health, providing modern healthcare and comprehensive plans for migrant workers to enjoy a healthy lifestyle. Community Support The migrant community in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is varied and supportive, creating a sense of belonging and unity. Financial Considerations If you are planning to work in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for promising work opportunities, it's crucial to carefully consider the financial aspects of this transformative move. Making smart choices will help you set yourself up for financial success in your new home. a) Cost of Living Before making the big move, check the living costs, including rent, food, travel, and entertainment. Understanding local expenses can help you plan a realistic budget for financial management. b) Debt Management Make sure you have a strategic plan to repay any debts you have. This prevents debt from affecting your goals. c) Money Management Developing sound money management practices is crucial for achieving financial stability. This includes: Budgeting: Create a monthly budget to plan your expenses and ensure you stick to it. Saving: Prioritize saving regularly for future expenses. Investing: Consider investing your savings to grow your wealth over time. d) Building an Emergency Fund Create a fund to cover unexpected costs during your stay in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Aim to save up three months' worth of living expenses for a reliable financial safety net.
  • Weather Conditions Across the Country
    The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has diverse landscapes, ranging from dry deserts to green highlands, each with its own climate. Summers are hot and dry, reaching up to 45°C inland, perfect for exciting desert adventures. Winters bring relief, with temperatures dropping to 8°C to 20°C inland and 19°C to 29°C along the coast. The Asir highlands offer a lush escape with moderate temperatures and monsoon-influenced rainfall. The Red Sea coast provides a refreshing retreat, with milder temperatures and higher humidity, especially in Jeddah.
  • Saudi Arabian Food
    Saudi Arabian cuisine boasts a diverse range of food options, catering to various preferences: Vegetarian: Falafel, hummus, baba ghanoush, mujaddara, etc. Vegan: Muhammara, shakshuka, stuffed grape leaves, mahshi, etc. Meat: Kabsa, mandi, harees, etc.

 The food offers a rich blend of flavours and textures rooted in the country's cultural heritage.
  • Q6: What documents do I need to open a bank account in Israel?
    To open a bank account in Israel, you'll need several essential documents. These include a valid passport, a valid visa or work permit and proof of address in Israel, which can be demonstrated through a rental agreement or utility bill. You may also need to provide your tax identification number if applicable, along with proof of employment, such as an employment contract or a letter from your employer.
  • Q3: What are my rights as a migrant worker in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia?
    Migrant workers have a number of rights, including: · The right to work without discrimination · The right to fair wages and working conditions · The right to join a trade union · The right to social security · The right to healthcare
  • Q1: What are the working conditions like?
    Working conditions in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia vary by industry and employer, but generally, they are safe and comfortable. Migrant workers have the same rights as Saudi citizens, including a 48-hour workweek, overtime pay, and paid holidays.
  • Q4: What can I do to prepare for working in the country?
    If you are planning to work in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, there are a few things you can do to prepare: · Learn about the laws and regulations that apply to migrant workers. · Prepare a document checklist. · Get a medical check-up and make sure that you are up to date on your vaccinations. · Pack clothes and shoes appropriate for the climate of the upcoming months in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Q2: What are the housing conditions like for migrant workers?
    Migrant workers in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia usually reside in well-maintained company-provided housing that is clean, safe, and comfortable.
  • Natural Disaster
    Israel is not prone to frequent natural disasters like earthquakes, hurricanes or tsunamis. However, it does experience some natural disturbances that could be considered minor compared to more disaster-prone regions.
  • Challenges Faced by Migrant Workers
    Migrant workers from India in Israel encounter a variety of challenges, underscoring the need for comprehensive support solutions. 1) Cultural and Language Barrier Adapting to a new language and culture can pose difficulties, impacting effective communication and integration into the community. Asking for prior language and cultural training can facilitate smoother transitions and foster inclusivity. 2) Isolation and Loneliness Working in a foreign country can lead to feelings of isolation and loneliness, especially when separated from family and familiar support networks. Leveraging opportunities for social interaction and community involvement can mitigate these feelings and promote mental well-being. 3) Physical and Emotional Strain The demands of the job, especially in physically demanding roles, can take a toll on migrant workers' physical and emotional well-being. Availing access to healthcare services and mental health support can help alleviate these strains and promote overall wellness. 4) Job Insecurity Migrant workers often face uncertainty regarding their employment status and legal rights, which can contribute to stress and anxiety. Having clear and fair employment contracts and staying informed about labour laws can provide greater stability and security. 5) Navigating Regulations Understanding and complying with immigration and employment regulations can be challenging for migrant workers. Seek guidance and support services to navigate these regulations.
  • The Indian Community
    The Indian community in Israel, numbering around 85,000 individuals, constitutes one of the largest expatriate groups in the country. Spanning cities such as Tel Aviv, Jerusalem, Haifa and Be'er Sheva, this community enjoys a significant presence across Israel. Support infrastructure for the Indian community in Israel include: Embassy of India in Israel Indian Cultural and Community Centres Indian Jewish Associations Indian Women's Groups Community Organisations Student Associations Employment and Professional Networks Social Media Groups Religious and Spiritual Organisations These establishments play a crucial role in facilitating the seamless integration of Indian migrants into Israeli society while upholding their cultural heritage.
  • Israel’s Visa Regulations for International Workers
    Understanding Israel's visa procedures is critical, as non-compliance may lead to detention and deportation, posing significant challenges to your professional endeavours. Visa Overview: Israeli law allows temporary work, but overstaying may lead to detention and deportation. Visa Issuance: Work visas (B/1) are obtained through Israeli Consulates or PIBA, lasting one year. Extension Procedures: Extensions are possible but limited, especially after 63 months. Certain workers may have shorter periods. Deportation/Non-Extension: Violating laws, falsifying details or intent to leave can lead to deportation or non-extension. Return After Travel: Obtain an "inter-visa" for re-entry after a trip abroad, costing 175 ILS. Additional Stay Periods: Grace periods vary based on sector - 60 days for agriculture/chefs, 30 days for construction/hotel workers and 90 days for caregivers. Key Reminders: Stay cautious of promises of extended employment or counterfeit visas/passports. To find licensed Placement Agencies and Manpower Companies, visit the PIBA website for listings and contact information.
  • Health Insurance
    Having proper health insurance is crucial for your well-being in Israel. Without it, medical expenses can be overwhelming. Employer Responsibility: Employers must provide private medical insurance for foreign workers throughout the employment period. This ensures that workers have access to necessary healthcare services and are protected against medical expenses. Coverage Limitations: Workers should be aware that pre-existing conditions are usually excluded from coverage. It is also essential to note that medical treatments lasting more than 90 days may not be covered. Understand the limitations of their health insurance coverage is crucial. Appealing Decisions: If your insurance denies coverage for certain conditions or treatments, you can appeal. This ensures that workers have recourse if their health insurance coverage is denied unjustly.
  • Ending Work Relations
    If for any reason you or your employer want to end work relations, here are the essential details you need to know: Prior Notice - General: If you're a foreign worker employed on a monthly basis and you intend to leave your job, you must provide prior written notice to your employer based on your employment duration. Employer's Dismissal Notice: If an employer wishes to dismiss you, they must also provide prior notice according to the specified durations.
  • Public Holidays
    The Public Holidays in Israel are as follows: Rosh Hashanah: Jewish New Year (two-day holiday), usually in September or October. Yom Kippur: Day of Atonement, usually 10 days after Rosh Hashanah. Sukkot: Feast of Tabernacles (seven-day holiday), starting five days after Yom Kippur. Simchat Torah: Celebration of the completion of the Torah reading cycle, immediately following Sukkot. Hanukkah: Festival of Lights, typically in December. Purim: Celebration of the salvation of the Jewish people from Haman, usually in February or March. Passover (Pesach): Commemoration of the Exodus from Egypt (seven or eight-day holiday), usually in March or April. Yom HaShoah: Holocaust Remembrance Day, usually in April. Yom HaZikaron: Memorial Day for fallen soldiers and victims of terrorism, usually in April or May. Yom Ha'atzmaut: Independence Day, immediately following Yom HaZikaron, usually in April or May. Shavuot: Feast of Weeks, celebrating the giving of the Torah (one or two-day holiday), usually in May or June. Tisha B'Av: Commemorating the destruction of the First and Second Temples, usually in July or August. Rosh Chodesh: The first day of each Jewish month is often considered a minor holiday. Islamic Holidays: Dates for Islamic holidays, such as Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha, vary each year based on the Islamic calendar and may be observed by the Arab Muslim community in Israel. Christian Holidays: Dates for Christian holidays like Christmas and Easter also vary each year and are observed by the Christian communities in Israel.
  • Language
    The most common languages spoken in Israel are Hebrew and Arabic. Hebrew is the primary language, used in government, education and daily life, while Arabic is also widely spoken, particularly by the Arab population. English, on the other hand, is the most commonly used foreign language.
  • Foreign Worker Deposit
    Understanding the nuances of the foreign worker deposit system in Israel is paramount for both employers and employees to ensure transparency and financial security. Purpose and Scope: Employers of foreign workers in certain sectors are obligated to deposit funds into a PIBA-held account for each worker. Monthly Deposits: Employers calculate monthly deposit amounts based on Collective Agreements, Extension Orders or Contracts. The minimum deposit is 12.5% of the worker's regular monthly salary for full-time work. Deposit Not Deductible: The employer's deposit is separate from the employee's salary and cannot be deducted from it. Withdrawal Conditions: Upon legally and permanently leaving Israel, foreign workers can withdraw the deposited amount, including interest accrued. Illegal Overstay Deductions: If the worker overstays their legal period in Israel, deductions are applied to the deposit. Monitoring Deposits: Workers can access monthly deposits and fund balances through PIBA's online service.
  • Kosher Dietary Laws
    Kosher dietary laws are followed by Jewish individuals and involve specific guidelines like separating meat and dairy, using kosher-certified ingredients and adhering to particular methods of slaughter and preparation. Certain communities also avoid foods like pork and shellfish. When in Israel, respecting kosher dietary observance means consuming food that meets these guidelines, especially in areas with large Jewish populations.
  • Basic Requirements for Migrating to Israel for Work
    Here's a concise overview of the mandatory conditions for individuals aspiring to pursue employment opportunities in the country: Age Range: 25-45 Years Physical Requirements: Minimum height of 1.5 Meters, Weight above 45 kg Qualifications: Certified Caregivers with 990 hours of training or Diploma with Indian Authority-issued Certificate Language Skills: Proficient in Intermediate Level English Education: High School Diploma Experience: No Previous Employment in Israel Clean Record: Clear Police Report from India and No Substance Abuse History Family Relations: No Immediate Family in Israel Health Standards: Physically and Mentally Fit with No Chronic Diseases Citizenship: Indian Citizenship COVID-19 Compliance: Agreement to Fulfil Israeli Ministry of Health Obligations Additional Requirements: As Specified by PIBA and MSDE
  • Permitted Work Sectors
    Understanding the permissible work sectors and the regulatory framework governing them is essential for individuals seeking employment in Israel under the B/1 visa category. Authorization: Detailed in B/1 visa, including caregiving, agriculture, hotel housekeeping, construction and specialized expertise like ethnic cuisine. Sector Restriction: No switching sectors after arrival. Caution: Avoid recruiters promising job switches as it can lead to deportation and legal actions.
  • Comfortable Housing
    You have a right to proper housing. Your employer must ensure your housing meets specific standards from the start of your employment until 7 days after it concludes. Housing Criteria: Your housing must meet specific guidelines to ensure your comfort and well-being. These guidelines cover various aspects such as space, amenities and safety measures. Essential Facilities: Your housing should include necessary facilities such as sinks, kitchen counters and appropriate heating. Caregiver Housing: If you're in the caregiving sector, suitable housing will be provided within the residence of the person you're caring for.
  • National Flag
    The flag of Israel features two horizontal blue stripes with a blue Star of David in the centre. It symbolises Jewish identity and heritage, representing resilience, unity and commitment to values.
  • Major Cities
    The cities of Israel, including its capital, Jerusalem, alongside Tel Aviv, Haifa, Beersheba, Nazareth, Eilat and Netanya, showcase a diverse urban landscape.
  • Israeli Food
    Israeli cuisine is a diverse and vibrant fusion of flavours influenced by various cultures, including Middle Eastern, Mediterranean, North African and European traditions. Some popular dishes that cater to various preferences are: Vegetarian: Tabbouleh, sabich and stuffed grape leaves. Vegan: Falafel, hummus, baba ganoush and Israeli salad. Meat: Shawarma, kebabs, schnitzel, grilled lamb or beef skewers and sabich.
  • Severance Pay (Pitzuyim)
    Navigating the intricacies of severance pay, known as "Pitzuyim" in Israel, is fundamental for workers to know. Eligibility Criteria: An employee who has worked for a single employer or at a specific workplace for at least one year is entitled to receive severance pay. Calculation: The amount of severance pay corresponds to one month's wage for each year of service with the same employer or at the same workplace. Special Circumstances: Workers may be entitled to severance pay in special circumstances such as employer bankruptcy or termination of employment due to death or liquidation of the employer. General Extension Order: All Israeli employers are subject to a binding general extension order concerning pensions.
  • Clothing
    Attire in Israel varies widely based on culture, religion and context. Casual wear for both men and women include jeans, t-shirts and comfortable shoes, while business attire leans towards suits. Different cultures and communities have distinct clothing traditions, with modest dressing being common in religious contexts.
  • Indian Recruitment Agencies (Iras) For Work Opportunities in Israel
    Indian workers seeking jobs in Israel can connect with NSDC International and Indian Recruitment Agencies (IRAs) registered with it. IRAs function as intermediaries that facilitate job placements, travel arrangements and contract details in Israel. Responsibilities of IRAs Obtain necessary travel documents and arrange pre-departure courses and medical exams. Explain employment contract terms and conditions. Provide the original contract of employment. Ensure repatriation if medically unfit or if employment specifications aren't met. Identifying Licensed IRAs Verify authenticity through the Ministry of External Affairs website. Check for a valid registration certificate prominently displayed. Confirm office premises meet requirements with essential amenities. Complaints against IRAs Lodge complaints with the Protector General of Emigrants (PGE) or through the eMigrate website(www.emigrate.gov.in).
  • Unemployment Regulations
    Familiarizing yourself with Israel's unemployment regulations is essential for those working there, as it can mitigate potential financial or mental hardships. Within 90 days from leaving your previous employment, you have the opportunity to find and register for new employment with a licensed employer in the sector mentioned on your B/1 visa. Failing to register as a legally employed worker within these 90 days requires you to leave Israel. If this isn't followed, you might face detention and possible deportation.
  • Consular Support and Services
    The Embassy of India in Israel, located in Tel Aviv, offers consular and diplomatic services to Indian citizens and the Indian community. First and foremost, getting yourself registered with the consulate is a must. They are the ones responsible for shelter, legal assistance, repatriation, etc. They offer support services including visa & passport assistance, birth and death registration, Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) application among others. For assistance, Indians can visit the Embassy website (https://www.indembassyisrael.gov.in/) or register on the MADAD portal (https://portal2.madad.gov.in/) for grievance redressal on issues like compensation, imprisonment and repatriation. Embassy Address: Embassy of India, HaYarkon St 140, Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel - 63451
  • Climate
    Israel's climate varies from Mediterranean along the coast to desert-like conditions inland. Summers are hot, especially in the Jordan Valley and Eilat, while winters are mild with some areas experiencing snow, like Jerusalem. Rainfall mainly occurs from November to March, with temperatures ranging from 5-40°C (41-104°F) across the country.
  • Registered Status with PIBA
    To know your registered status with PIBA, follow these steps: Visit the PIBA website: Go to the PIBA website and locate "Online information for foreign workers and their employers." Access the online portal: Click the "get info" button on the page and choose the "foreign workers" option. Complete the form: Fill out the "Information – foreign workers" form that appears on the screen. View your information: Click on "view information" to access your registered status with PIBA. For foreign caregivers in the caregiving sector, specific rules are in place to safeguard the well-being of elderly and disabled employers.
  • Transportation
    Discovering Israel is made easy with its robust public transportation system, linking major cities and urban areas seamlessly. From buses and trains to light rail systems, getting around is convenient and accessible. Real-time apps also ensure smooth travels, with updates on routes and schedules. Moovit: Real-time schedules and routes for buses, trains and light rails. Google Maps: Navigation and public transportation info across Israel. Waze: Real-time traffic updates for urban driving. Rav-Kav: Manage your travel card and plan bus/train journeys. Gett: Book taxis and private car rides. Coca-Cola Tel-Aviv Bikes: Rent bikes for city exploration. Egged Buses: Check schedules and routes for buses. Israel Railways: Info on train schedules and stations. Jerusalem Light Rail App: Real-time updates for the light rail system.
  • Rights and Responsibilities as a Migrant Worker
    In Israel, specific regulations govern the employment of foreign workers to protect both employees and employers. These regulations ensure that foreign workers are employed legally and enjoy certain rights and protections during their time there. Employer Permits: Only employers possessing valid employment permits from the Population and Immigration Authority (PIBA) are permitted to hire foreign workers. These permits are essential to regulate the employment of foreign workers and prevent unauthorized practices. Indian Workers: Indian workers with valid B/1 visas and permits issued by PIBA for their relevant sector can be employed by licensed employers. These permits serve as proof of authorization to work in Israel and ensure legal employment conditions. Employment Registration: Licensed Indian employers must complete the registration of your employment following PIBA procedures specific to your sector before your work begins. Registration ensures compliance with regulatory requirements and authorizes your work in Israel. Full-time Employment: You are eligible for full-time employment only with your legal employer. Engaging in part-time work as an Indian worker is not permitted, preventing exploitation and ensuring stable employment conditions. Work Restrictions: You are permitted to work solely for your currently registered and licensed employer. Under no circumstances should you engage in work for any other employer, even during breaks, holidays, rest days or beyond regular working hours. Consequences of Violation: Violation of this rule may lead to deportation if you are found working for an employer other than your registered one. Employers who unlawfully employ foreign workers might face fines or criminal charges as per the law.
  • Social Etiquettes
    When visiting Israel, demonstrating cultural sensitivity is vital. Show respect for religious sites by dressing modestly and adhering to any guidelines. Be considerate during the Jewish Sabbath by refraining from activities that could disrupt religious observances. Practice discretion in more conservative neighbourhoods and adhere to kosher dietary observances by being aware of kosher food options. Request permission before taking photos of people, especially in sensitive contexts. Engage in conversations with cultural and religious sensitivity, avoiding contentious topics. Keep in mind that tipping, language courtesy and respect for business hours contribute to a positive experience. By embracing local customs, you can ensure a harmonious and respectful stay in Israel.
  • Social Security Safety
    Your employer is responsible for opening a file in your name at the National Insurance Institute. National Insurance Institute: It offers coverage for work injuries, maternity, unpaid wages and severance pay in cases of employer bankruptcy. Work Injury Coverage: If you're injured at work, file a claim with the National Insurance Institute for medical treatment and compensation.
  • Time Difference
    Indian Standard Time typically precedes Israel Standard Time by 3.5 to 4.5 hours, with Israel observing Daylight Saving Time potentially reducing the difference to 2.5 to 3.5 hours.
  • Currency
    The currency of Israel is the New Israeli Shekel (ILS). As of April 2024, 1 New Israeli Shekel is equivalent to 22.22 Indian Rupees (INR).
  • Exploring Immigration To Israel
    Israel's cordial relationship with India provides a fertile ground for skilled Indian workers to flourish. With collaborative efforts in technology, agriculture and defense, Israel's innovative ecosystem offers ample opportunities for professional growth. The synergy between the two nations, bolstered by shared values and cultural affinities, fosters an ideal environment for Indian professionals to integrate and thrive, making Israel a preferred destination for career advancement and cross-cultural exchanges.
  • Distance Between India & Israel
    The distance between India and Israel is approximately 4,500 to 5,500 kilometres, with flight durations ranging from 6 to 8 hours, depending on the specific cities and airline routes.
  • Comprehensive Government Support for Overseas Workers
    The Government of India, through various initiatives under the Ministry of External Affairs, offers comprehensive support to individuals planning to work abroad. These initiatives collectively reflect the government's commitment to safeguarding the interests and well-being of its citizens working overseas. e-Migrate: The e-Migrate website assists individuals planning to work in Israel by capturing emigrant data online, verifying employer credentials, generating employment contracts and providing emigrant insurance through Parvasi Bhartiya Bima Yojana. Pravasi Bharatiya Sahayta Kendra (PBSK): PBSK serves as a facilitation centre for those seeking employment abroad, offering complaint registration and information services. It includes Kshetriya Pravasi Sahayata Kendra (KPSKs) for face-to-face assistance and operates a 24x7 helpline. Protector General of Emigrants (PGE): PGE, under the Ministry of External Affairs, safeguards Indian workers going abroad, granting emigration clearance, inspecting emigrant conveyances and addressing emigrant grievances, including post-return assistance. Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PKVY): PKVY is a skill development initiative offering industry-relevant training in sectors like domestic work, retail, tourism, healthcare and security, with 16 Integrated Skill Development Centres (IISCs) nationwide. Pravasi Bharatiya Bima Yojana (PBBY): PBBY provides insurance coverage for emigrants before applying for emigration clearance, offering benefits such as accidental death coverage, repatriation facilities, medical cover and maternity expenses. Indian Community Welfare Fund (ICWF): ICWF offers support to overseas Indian workers, including boarding, medical care, legal assistance, air passage and assistance with fines or penalties. It also aids in transporting mortal remains to India or arranging local cremation/burial.
  • Greetings and Phrases
    Peace/ Hello/ Goodbye - SHALOM Nice to meet you - NA–EEM MEOD Good morning - BOKER TOV Response to good morning - BOKER OR Good evening - EREV TOV Good night - LAILA TOV Congratulations! - MAZAL TOV Good - TOV Very good - TOV MEOD, YOFFEE, EYZEH YOFFEE How are things? - MA NEESHMA? Ok, fine - BE’SEDER Please, you're welcome - BEVAKASHA Thank you - TODAH My pleasure - A’LO DAVAR Wait a moment - ROCK REYGA See you again/later - LEHITRA’OT Happy birthday - YOM HOOLEDET SAMEACH
  • Q6: What documents do I need to open a bank account in Israel?
    To open a bank account in Israel, you'll need several essential documents. These include a valid passport, a valid visa or work permit and proof of address in Israel, which can be demonstrated through a rental agreement or utility bill. You may also need to provide your tax identification number if applicable, along with proof of employment, such as an employment contract or a letter from your employer.
  • Q1: What are the main sectors offering employment opportunities for migrant workers in Israel?
    Migrant workers in Israel often find employment opportunities in sectors such as caregiving, agriculture, hotel housekeeping, construction and specialized expertise like ethnic cuisine. It's essential to understand the regulatory framework governing these sectors before seeking employment.
  • Q3: How do I handle financial matters such as remittances and currency exchange while working in Israel?
    Managing financial matters while working in Israel involves various considerations. Migrant workers can explore options for remittances through reputable international money transfer services or banks. It is also advisable to monitor exchange rates and consider factors such as fees and exchange policies when converting currency.
  • Q2: How can I ensure that I comply with visa regulations?
    To comply with visa regulations in Israel, it's crucial to obtain a valid work visa (B/1) through Israeli Consulates or PIBA. Ensure that your employment is registered with PIBA and adhere to the specified terms and conditions of your visa, including sector restrictions and extension procedures. Violation of visa regulations can lead to detention and deportation.
  • Q4: How does Israel handle taxes for migrant workers and what are the obligations in terms of tax filing?
    Migrant workers in Israel are typically subject to taxation on their income, similar to Israeli citizens and residents. It's essential to understand tax obligations, including income tax rates, deductions and filing deadlines. Seeking guidance from tax professionals or employers can help ensure compliance with Israeli tax laws.
  • Q5: How do I open a bank account in Israel as a migrant Indian worker?
    To open a bank account, choose a bank, gather required documents like your passport and visa, visit the bank to fill out an application form, undergo document verification, choose an account type, receive account details, activate your account and deposit funds to start using it.
  • Transportation
    Qatar offers a plethora of transportation options. Public Transportation The public transportation in Qatar includes Doha Metro, Lusail Tram & Mowasalat Bus Service. Qatar Rail . Doha Metro: The Doha Metro, located in the capital city, consists of three lines (red, green, and gold) and connects various city parts. · Lusail Tram: Situated just north of Doha, the Lusail Tram network links destinations within Lusail to Doha via the Doha Metro. · Tickets and Passes: Options include single journey tickets, daily passes, or travel cards, purchasable from vending machines at stations. · Feeder Service: To enhance Qatar Rail customer connectivity: o Metrolink: A free feeder bus service within a 2-to-5-km radius of Doha Metro stations, requiring a QR Code for access, available on the Karwa Journey Planner App. o Metroexpress: An on-demand ride-sharing service offering flexibility with a fleet of 7-seater vans, accessible via the Karwa Taxi App from ten metro and seven Lusail tram stations. Bus Services Mowasalat, Qatar's public transport operator, manages the bus service across Doha and its suburbs, linking major city areas and beyond. Detailed bus routes are accessible on the Mowasalat website or via this link: https://www.mowasalat.com/English/Our-Services/Bus-Routes. To use the Karwa public buses, passengers need a Karwa Smart Card, available from vending machines at key locations like Hamad International Airport, Doha Bus Station, The Pearl Qatar, and Qatar Mall, as well as from select retail partners. The cards come in three varieties: . Classic Card (Cost: INR.685): A rechargeable option for frequent travellers. · Limited Card, 24hr (Cost: INR.230): Valid for two trips within 24 hours of activation. · Unlimited Card, 24hr (Cost: INR.450): Offers unlimited travel within 24 hours of purchase. Personal Transportation Taxis · Karwa Taxis: Official taxis in Qatar, available in Doha and other cities, offering metered and pre-booked services with regulated fares. · Ride-Hailing Services: Apps like Uber and Careem provide an alternative to traditional taxis, allowing users to book rides with upfront fare calculation. Personal Vehicles In Qatar, a significant number of residents favour personal vehicles due to the well-developed road infrastructure, featuring modern highways and roads. Yet, traffic congestion during rush hours is a frequent challenge.
  • Time
    India is 2 hours and 30 minutes ahead of Qatar. 1:00PM in QATAR would be 3:30 PM in India (IST).
  • How to work in Qatar
    The State of Qatar is keen on employing human resources that support its development journey and contribute to flourishing its diversified economy. The Ministry of Labour is the official authority for employment resources in Qatar. Embarking on a career in Qatar as an expatriate presents a wealth of opportunities, particularly in fields like construction, engineering, oil and gas, finance, healthcare, and education. However, there are a few factors to consider before making the big move.
  • Requirements for Working in Qatar
    Qatar offers a world of opportunities for people looking to work in the country. You will need to following to apply for a job in Qatar. a. A valid passport (You can apply for a passport online or at a Passport Seva Kendra (PSK)) b. Certificate of academic and professional qualifications c. Proof of prior qualifications d. English language proficiency e. Approved contract of employment f. Health certificate g. Work and residence permit
  • National Day
    Qatar observes its National Day each year on December 18, commemorating Sheikh Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani's succession to his father in 1878.
  • Things to consider before moving to Qatar
    There are three main types of costs of migration involved in working in Qatar: Economic, Social and Health. I. The Economic cost of migration Migrating to Qatar for work requires financial support for visas, passports, clearance, and recruitment agency fees, with additional costs for rural individuals using urban agencies. Document needs vary by job requirements. Also, Indian ECR-category workers have to use the e-Migrate system for GCC countries . Caution against fraud is advised; recruitment fees are legally capped at Rs 20,000, with higher charges reportable on e-Migrate or MADAD portals. However, a point to note is; expenses other than the recruitment fee are supposed to be paid by the employer, or the agency has to collect them from the employer later. These expenses include: 1. Cost of medical examination for visa 2. Cost of medical examination prescribed by employer 3. Visa fees 4. Air fare from India to the destination country 5. Initial hotel stay at the destination country 6. Any other cost associated with overseas employment So, exercise caution and weigh your options carefully before giving your recruiting agent any money. II. The Social Cost of Migration Let’s look at some of the social costs of migration. • Elderly: Migration can boost elderly financial support through increased remittances, but often leads to loneliness and unmet care needs due to the absence of their children. • Spouse: Migration often leads to distance between spouses which may result in familial and psychological challenges . III. Health Cost of Migration Moving to another country for work, may result in some health issues due to lack of knowledge or change in environment. Let’s get into the details. Migrants may face health issues such as stomach problems, headaches, muscle pains, injuries, and lung diseases due to dietary changes, long work hours, unsafe conditions, and exposure to toxins. Obtaining a medical certificate before departure is crucial to ensure employers cover any work-related medical expenses. Apart from physical problems, migrants face some biases like: 1. Local workers or residents may discriminate against migrants on the basis of race or nationality. 2. Employers may favour local workers and may treat migrants poorly and pay them less. 3. Women migrants also face discrimination based on their gender. 4. Many migrant workers fall into the low-skilled or semi-skilled category and are often accorded a low social status based on the work they do. Because of this, migrant workers may face the following psychological problems. a. Depression: Could be due to poor living and working conditions. b. Psychosis: The ability to think, talk and communicate effectively may be affected. c. Homesickness: The feeling of missing your home so much that all you think about is being back home. It’s quite common for migrants miss the comfort of their home and community. Here are a few ways to tackle homesickness. 1. Try to focus on the new things you get to experience. 2. Keep in touch with your family and friends. 3. Ensure you eat properly and stay healthy. 4. Try to find a hobby outside work. 5. Talk to people you work with in the new country, and try to make some friends. 6. Take one or two things that will remind you of your home when you leave to go to another country. IV. Health and Safety Your employer, whether a company or an individual, is not permitted to subject you to hazardous working conditions, including: a. Small spaces with not enough air or light b. With unsafe machines c. Places with toxic chemicals, gases and other substances that harm you. d. Places that are extremely hot or cold, enough to seriously hurt you. e. Workplaces without equipment like hard hats for construction work. You must receive proper training before being subjected to any physical work that may cause physical harm. Moreover, if a workplace possesses threat to your wellbeing, you may refuse to return to work unless the situation is fixed.
  • Getting insured moving the big move
    Before moving abroad, it’s important to get insured. Here are a few options to explore. 1. Pravasi Bharatiya Bima Yojana (PBBY) Before seeking Emigration clearance on eMigrate, applicants must take the Pravasi Bharatiya Bima Yojana (PBBY) insurance, available for Rs. 275 or Rs. 375. Benefits of PBBY Air Fare for Attendant: Economy class return air fare up to the nearest international airport in India. Repatriation expenses: Actual one-way economy class air fare up to the nearest international airport in India. Medical cover: Medical cover in case of hospitalization of the Insured worker-up to Rs. 100000 (Rs. 50000 per hospitalization in each case with maximum up to two). Hospitalization cover: Hospitalization cover to family in event of death or permanent disability of insured person-Up to Rs. 50000. Maternity Expenses: Rs. 35000 in case of normal delivery and Rs. 50000 in case of Caesarean operation. Legal Expenses: Rs. 45000/- Rs. 10 Lakhs in case of accidental death and permanent disability. Repatriation facilities in case of death: Cost of transportation of the mortal remains to India. 2. Indian Community Welfare Fund (ICWF) The Indian Community Welfare Fund (ICWF), established in 2009, provides critical support to Overseas Indians in emergencies and is available at all Indian Missions and Posts abroad. ICWF can assist you in situations like: Boarding and lodging for deserving distressed Indian nationals abroad on a means tested basis in budget category or shelters run by Mission/Post or NGOs empanelled with Mission. Air passage to India to stranded Overseas Indian nationals Legal Assistance on a means tested basis to deserving overseas Indian nationals who have committed minor crimes, offences or have been falsely implicated by their employer and put in jails; fishermen/seamen/sailors/Indian students in distress; Legal/financial assistance to Indian women abandoned/ cheated / abused by their NRI/PIO or foreign spouses (up to seven years after their marriage). Payment for small fines and penalties in respect of Indian nationals for minor offences/crimes; for illegal stay in the host country where prima facie the worker is not at fault, and to enable release of Indian nationals from jail/detention center Transportation of Mortal Remains and expenditure on incidentals of deceased Indian national to India or local cremation/burial of deceased in such cases where the employer, sponsor or insurance company is unable or unwilling to do so as per the contract and the family is unable to meet the cost. Emergency Medical Care on assessed needs of the migrants to overseas Indians who are involved in an accident (with serious life-threatening injuries) have life-threatening medical conditions or suffer a serious disability.
  • Population
    As per the May 2022 census report, the total population of Qatar was 2.8 million.
  • Currency
    The Qatari Riyal (QAR) is the currency of Qatar. The exchange parity has been set at the fixed rate of QAR 1 = 22.90 INR.
  • Religion
    According to Qatar's Constitution, Islam is the state's official religion, with Sharia (Islamic Law) being the foundation of its legal system. The religious composition in Qatar is predominantly Muslim at 65.2%, followed by Hindu (15.9%), Christian (13.7%), and Buddhist (3.8%). Other religions, including folk, Jewish, and various unspecified beliefs , each constitute less than 1% of the population as of 2020 estimates.
  • Indian Community in Qatar
    The Indian community, making up 25% or about 835,000 of Qatar's population, is among the largest expat groups there, encompassing professionals, labourers, and businesspeople. They work across sectors like construction, healthcare, and IT, and actively engage in cultural, religious, and community events through social groups and associations. Access to Indian schools, cultural centers, and places of worship supports their cultural and religious practices. Some Indian Organizations in Qatar are: 1. Bangiya Parishad Qatar (BPQ) 2. Bihar Johar Sanskritik Parishad (BJSP) 3. Kerala Muslim Cultural Centre (KMCC) 4. Kerala Social and Cultural Association (KSCA) 5. One India Association (OIA), Doha Qatar 6. Uttarakhand Association of Qatar Follow the link to see the list of Indian organizations in Qatar affiliated with the Embassy of India, Doha. https://www.iccqatar.com/affiliatedbodies
  • Indian Embassy in Qatar
    The Embassy of India in Doha supports the Indian community in Qatar, offering consular services, cultural events, and welfare programs. With over 800,000 Indians forming Qatar's largest expat group across various sectors, their contributions are highly valued. The embassy prioritizes their welfare, with a dedicated wing addressing and tracking grievances. Here are a few notable things. 1. Open House: Held on the last Thursday of each month, this event allows Indian nationals to present grievances directly to the Ambassador and embassy officers. 2. Consular Camps: Regularly organized in cities outside Doha, these camps serve the needs of Indian nationals residing in those areas. 3. Labour and Community Welfare Wing: This dedicated wing of the embassy systematically registers and follows up on grievances reported by the community. 4. Embassy closed on Friday & Saturday 5. Embassy working hours: 8.00 am - 4.30 pm. 6. Consular Section working hours: 8.00 am to 4.15 pm Address Embassy of India, Doha Villa No 86 & 90, Street No. 941, Al Eithra Street, Zone 63, Onaiza, P.O. Box 2788, Doha - Qatar Telephone Number (+974) 4425 5777
  • The Qatari Economy
    Qatar's economy, driven by major infrastructure projects, attracts many Indian expatriates, including skilled professionals and laborers, crucial to its development. Bilateral agreements, notably the 1985 Labour Manpower Agreement and the 2019 Recognition of Professional and Trade Qualifications, facilitate this exchange. A few things to note about Qatar’s economy include: 1. Qatar boasts a stable, competitive economy with above-average growth, underpinned by high per capita income, substantial hydrocarbon reserves, and robust economic fundamentals. 2. Despite COVID-19 challenges, Qatar's economy showed resilience and a positive trajectory, with early indicators pointing to vigorous economic activity and strong business conditions. 3. As the world's second-largest natural gas exporter, Qatar significantly contributes to global energy security and maintains strong trade connections globally through its diversified economy. 4. With prudent fiscal management, Qatar exhibits high fiscal flexibility and is projected to have the strongest fiscal balance in the GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) countries . 5. The smooth workforce mobility ensures welfare for Indian workers in Qatar and simplifies qualification recognition for professionals seeking opportunities there.
  • Do’s and Don’ts of living in Qatar
  • National Anthem
    Qatar's national anthem, As-Salam al-Amiri, was penned by poet Mubarak bin Saif Al Thani and established in December 1996.
  • Language
    Arabic is the official language of the country. However, English is widely spoken across the country and is regarded as its second language.
  • Accommodation & Living Costs
    Companies or sponsors typically provide housing or a housing allowance for employees, allowing them to choose their preferred accommodation. Accommodation types include flats, serviced apartments, and villas, available both furnished and unfurnished. Rent varies by type and location, with high-end areas being Lusail City, The Pearl Island, and Msheireb Downtown Doha. The Pearl Island rent ranges from INR 137,400 - INR 206,100 per month. More economical options in areas like Al Duhail and Al Thumama, with studio rents between INR 34,350 - INR 57,250 found on OLX in Al Wakra and Al Khor, further from central Doha.
  • Official holidays in Qatar
    Friday and Saturday are weekend in Qatar. Apart from that, following are the official holidays in Qatar. a. Qatar National Day: December 18 (annually) b. National Sport Day on Tuesday of the second week of February (annually) c. The holy Eid Al-Fitr d. The holy Eid Al-Adha
  • Major Cities
    Doha, as the capital, is the center of government, commercial, and financial activities. Over half of the population resides here. The city is also recognized as a significant cultural center, housing numerous museums and educational institutions. Apart from the capital, some other major cities include: Al Wakrah Al Khor Al Shamal Dukhan Msaieed Ras Laffan
  • Benefits of moving to Qatar
    Here a few reasons why people choose to move to Qatar. 1. A higher wage and currency exchange value for low to semi-skilled workers. 2. The Government of India has set Minimum Referral Wages (MRWS) and allowances for migrant workers leaving for the ECR countries (Emigration Check Required). These vary from job to job, sector to sector and country to country. 3. Higher earnings open the gate for future savings. 4. Interest earned on NRE accounts is tax-free. 5. Better skills, experience, and internationally-recognised certifications opens more opportunities. 6. Strict contractual obligations of the employer with regard to payment of wages.
  • Employment Contract
    Before departing, ensure your employer provides a signed contract containing all work details, accommodation, and benefits. The contract outlines the duties and responsibilities of both you, the worker, and your employer. Keep a copy with your family or a friend and retain one for yourself. Having your job offer letter or contract authenticated by an Indian Embassy and signed by the employer and an Embassy officer ensures a guaranteed minimum salary. Upon arrival in Qatar, you might be requested to sign the original contract. Prior to signing, carefully review and understand all mentioned terms, seeking assistance if needed from someone you trust. If presented with a second contract in Qatar, confirm that its contents and terms align with the initial contract from India. If uncertain, seek guidance from the Indian Embassy. An employment contract may be for a limited or unlimited period. A limited employment contract (fixed-term contract) is for a maximum period of five years, whereas the unlimited contract has a commencement date only. Most Indian workers have a contract for a limited term, usually two years, which can be extended. There is no such thing as a “free visa” in Qatar. Every visa is issued in the name of a sponsor, and you are supposed to work under that sponsor (an individual or company). Any violation will lead to severe legal proceedings, with a hefty fine, imprisonment and deportation. Your employer must provide you with accommodation that meets your basic needs. Most employers provide their workers with accommodation facilities for free. Check your contract or inquire with your employer to find out if you are entitled to free accommodation or if you need to pay for it. Most employers provide their workers with food for free or a food allowance. Check your contract or inquire with your employer to find out if you are entitled to food or if you need to pay for it. What should your employment contract include? Your employment contract should include the following details: 1. Your name, passport number, nationality, profession, qualification, residence. 2. Your employer's name, company address and/or location of your work. 3. Contract commencement date and the terms and conditions of the employment. 4. Duration of the contract and details of the initial probation period (not more than six months). 5. Your job responsibilities and working hours and overtime, if any. 6. Basic salary and allowances, including food and accommodation facilities. 7. How the overtime pay is calculated. 8. Information on medical coverage or insurance. 9. Duration of annual leave and entitled holiday or leave days (medical or maternity leave) and terms for airplane tickets. 10. End-of-service benefits. 11. Termination and renewal terms of the contract.
  • Distance between Qatar and India
    The direct flight distance or straight-line distance between New Delhi, India, and Doha, Qatar is approximately 2565 km, with a travel time of around 4 hours and 30 minutes.
  • Flag of Qatar
    Qatar's national flag features maroon and white colours. The white represents peace, while the maroon reflects the bloodshed in 19th-century wars. The nine-point serrated line signifies Qatar's status as the ninth member of the Reconciled Emirates in the Arabian Gulf, following the 1916 Qatari-British treaty. This layout was officially recorded by the British Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1931.
  • Location
    Qatar, a peninsula on the Arabian Peninsula's eastern coast, spans about 100km in width and stretches 200km into the Gulf. It encompasses several islands, including Halul, Shraouh, and Al-Asshat, and shares a southern border with Saudi Arabia, along with maritime boundaries with Bahrain, the UAE, and Iran.
  • Labour Rights & Responsibilities in Qatar
    You are entitled to respect and the protection of your human rights, irrespective of your legal status in a country. This section will inform you about your rights and responsibilities while working in Qatar, helping you to protect yourself from those seeking to take advantage of your position as a migrant worker. Migrant’s Rights in Qatar Migrants Rights in Qatar have seen an improvement, including changes to the kafala system and labour laws. The reforms aim to enhance working conditions, abolish exit permits, and set standards for accommodation. The following rights are extended to migrants in Qatar in order to safeguard their interests: 1. Abolition of Kafala System The Kafala system is a sponsorship system wherein the migrant worker is the complete responsibility of their employer (also known as the sponsor, or kafeel), both financially and legally. Your legal status to live and work in the country is fully dependent on your employer, and you cannot leave or enter the country without the employer's permission. The Kafala system was abolished in 2019. However, reforms are poorly enforced. 2. Document Protection You have the right to keep your essential documents (passport, visa, work permit) with you. Do not surrender original documents to your employer or recruitment agent. Your employer should provide you with a residence permit. 3. Minimum Wage & facilities In March 2021, Qatar introduced a minimum wage of QAR 1,000, which applies to all employees across all sectors in Qatar, including domestic workers. The employer must additionally provide QAR 500 per month for accommodation and QAR 300 per month for food unless provided by their employer. You're entitled to the stipulated pay and accommodation facilities as per the employment contract. Monthly wages should be in local currency (riyal) and deposited in your bank account. Payment for completed work is non-negotiable even in case of arrest, resignation, or dismissal. 4. Leave, Health Benefits & Public Holidays After a year of continuous service, you're entitled to annual leave. Payment is due for the days of leave not taken. Medical leave can be taken with a doctor's certificate. Notify your employer promptly and access health benefits through your health card. You are entitled to full pay during official holidays 5. Rights of Movement and Rest You are free to explore the city in your free time, but always carry your ID card. You have the right to one day off each week, typically on Friday , with additional compensation if you agree to work. 6. Working Hours Rest time of at least one hour within five hours of starting work. Refusal of overtime is permissible with specific regulations for extra pay. Shift workers have different rules, and during Ramadan, working hours are reduced. 7. Salary Deductions Your employer cannot make deductions from your wages except in the following cases: If you have taken an advance (deduction at any one time should not be more than 10% of your salary). If you violate the rules and regulations of the workplace (a fine for single offence should not exceed five days' salary in a month); or If you cause loss, damage or destruction of tools or machinery due to your fault (such deduction must not be more than five days' salary each month). Your employer cannot reduce your salary for the entire contract duration. Your employer cannot make any other deductions from your salary, including for medical insurance fees, insurance premiums, work permit costs, etc. 8. Wage Protection System The Government of Qatar introduced the Wage Protection System (WPS) in 2015. More than 1.3 million workers are registered in the system, substantially strengthening the protection of wages in the country. The WPS has also significantly increased the Government’s ability to intervene in the long-standing issue of wage disputes, in the interest of workers and employers, and resolve matters in a more transparent and fair manner. To protect workers from manipulation of their financial entitlements. To enable Ministry of Administrative Development, Labour and Social Affairs (ADLSA) to continuously review and compare the data of employees with the data in its possession to ensure compliance with the provisions of the Labour Law. To minimize legal disputes between parties with regard to payment of wages, while increasing efficiency in dealing with such disputes. To assist the judiciary in issuing judgments and settling disputes concerning employees’ entitlements. To promote the principle of human rights in the State of Qatar. To enhance security and stability by creating a safe working environment (as the system spares workers and employers the need to keep cash at the workplace, it precludes an obvious risk of loss or theft) 9. No-Objection Certificates Employees will no longer require No-Objection Certificates to terminate their contracts. Employees have the ability to pursue new opportunities in Qatar. Employees will be able to terminate their contract providing at least one month’s written notice if they have worked with the employer for two years or less, or two months’ notice if they have worked with the employer for over two years. Employees can be placed on probation for a period agreed upon with their employer, as long as the period of probation is no more than six months from the date their work commenced. In the case that employees had access to sensitive information, the employer can stipulate that the employee cannot compete with them on any projects or work within a year of ending the contract. 10. The Cancelling of Exit Permissions The law now allows almost all migrant workers in Qatar – including domestic workers – to leave the country without first obtaining permission from their employers, except for military personnel. In order to protect the rights of both employers and domestic workers, domestic workers must notify employers at least 72 hours prior to their departure. The decision also stipulates that the employer has the right to submit a prior reasoned request to the Ministry of Interior including the names of those whom they deem necessary to obtain prior approval before leaving the country due to the nature of their work, provided that it does not exceed 5% of employees. 11. Health & safety The State of Qatar has mandated private health insurance for all expatriates in the public and private sectors. Employers and sponsors must enrol their non-Qatari employees and their family members onto the mandatory health insurance scheme through contracts with insurance companies registered with Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) and provide basic health services. Health insurance is a necessary condition for the granting or renewal of residence permits and employment of expatriates. 12. Heat Stress Protection Workers must have access to heat stress training, access to personal protection equipment, and annual health checks. From 1 June to 15 September, you should not work in outdoor workplaces between 10 am and 3:30 pm. Outdoor workplaces are those in which workers are exposed to extreme weather conditions: the heat, humidity and the sun. All work must stop if the wet-bulb globe temperature (WBGT) rises beyond 32.1, taking into consideration more than ambient temperature. 13. Joint Committees The conditions and procedures for the election of worker representatives in Joint Committees have been regulated. Workers in companies with 30 or more employees can elect their own representatives. Joint Committees bring together representatives of management and facility workers into regular communication over workplace issues. This includes topics such as the organization of work, ways to increase production and development, workers’ training programmes, risk prevention tools, and ways to improve the level of adherence to occupational safety and health rules. 14. Workers’ Support and Insurance Fund The fund protects workers from the impact of overdue or unpaid wages in instances where the employer has gone out of business or been forced to close due to illegal activity. 15. Labour Dispute Resolution Committees In March 2018, Qatar established Labour Dispute Resolution Committees with the aim of improving access to justice by settling labour disputes within three weeks of a migrant worker filing a complaint. 16. Grievances Reporting The government also has channels available for individuals to report grievances against their employer. A 24/7 hotline has been set-up for workers and 11 electronic kiosks have been set-up in locations across Qatar (operating in 11 languages) for workers to file anonymous complaints. Migrants’ Responsibilities in Qatar As a migrant in Qatar, you bear the responsibility to comply with the laws and regulations of the country and respecting its cultural norms and values. You are also responsible for contributing positively to the Qatari society. You should take proactive steps to understand and adhere to local customs. Some of your responsibilities in Qatar are: 1. Abide by Rules You must abide by the rules and regulations of your workplace. The regulations typically are displayed in a visible area in the workplace. You must learn the basic norms and laws of Qatar, including traffic rules. For example, you must always use the zebra crossing or the overhead bridge to cross a road. 2. Informing Employer About Leaves If you want to take leave from your job (for personal reasons or vacation), make sure you inform your employer beforehand. Taking an extended leave without telling your employer could be cause for terminating your contract. Take care of your health. If you are sick and cannot go to work, go for a check-up and take a rest. But remember to inform your employer or supervisor as soon as possible and obtain a medical certificate (report) after the check-up. 3. Taking Care of your Health Many workers die from cardiac arrest due to simultaneous exposure to extreme heat and extreme cold. If you work outdoors, do not turn the air conditioner very high immediately after returning to your room. Take precautions to avoid contacting HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. 4. Engagement in Prohibited Activities Do not consume illegal drugs or alcohol, Do not gamble or engage in political events. These activities are banned and considered unlawful in Qatar. 5. Returning to India You must return to your country once your contract expires. If you are dismissed (fired) or if you are declared unfit for work, you might be repatriated to India. Your employer must provide you with a return airplane ticket unless you resign or are dismissed. If your contract mentions it, your employer may also provide you an airplane ticket to travel for your annual leave. Customs regulations You should follow the custom regulations of Qatar when going into the country. Tobacco allowance: 400 cigarettes. Personal items and gifts up to a maximum value of INR 68,700. Imports of alcohol and narcotics are prohibited.
  • Dress Code
    Women: · Qatari women usually cover most of the body, from head to foot, wearing a traditional black over garment (abaya). · Foreign women can wear western dresses. However, they must dress conservatively. Men: · Arab men dress in a thobe, a loose, ankle-length robe. They usually opt for casual wear during informal occasions or at the beach. · Foreign men are not expected to dress similarly. However, they should avoid wearing shorts and sleevless shirts in public.
  • India and Qatar: a resourceful relationship
    India and Qatar's evolving partnership, grounded in historical ties and mutual respect, has grown from traditional trade to a strong, modern collaboration across energy, infrastructure, and technology sectors. The substantial Indian diaspora in Qatar further strengthens this bond, fostering cultural exchange and solidifying personal connections. This dynamic relationship offers exciting opportunities for Indian professionals in a land that champions growth and diversity.
  • Climate
    Qatar experiences a subtropical desert climate, characterized by minimal annual rainfall, hot and humid summers, and mild winters with average yearly rainfall not surpassing 75.2mm. Summer temperatures typically vary between 25°C and 46°C.
  • Qatar: working hours
    Ministries and Government Departments: From 7 a.m. to 2 p.m Private Companies and Establishments: From 8 a.m. to 12 p.m. and from 4 p.m. to 8 p.m. Friday and Saturday are the official weekend in Qatar.
  • Finding Work Opportunities
    There are two ways to find work opportunities in Qatar. 1. National Skill Development Corporation Indian workers seeking employment in Qatar can explore job opportunities through National Skill Development Corporation International’s job portal (https://www.nsdcinternational.com/looking-for-jobs). 2. Indian Recruiting Agents (RAs) Indian Recruitment Agencies (IRAs) act as intermediaries for potential workers seeking employment in Qatar. They assist in job placement, obtaining necessary travel and employment documents, and clarifying employment contract terms. Most job opportunities for migrants in Qatar are in the construction and domestic work sectors, offering salaries higher than in India, albeit with longer working hours. To avoid fraudulent agents, seek a registered agent. A Registered agent will have a Registration Certificate (RC) issued by the Protector General of Emigrants (PGE) prominently displayed at a noticeable place in their office premises. Note: RAs are not allowed to employ sub-agents. Be sure to not deal with such sub-agents. How to identify a Registered RA Here are a few indicators of a registered RA. a. Registered RAs have an office with at least 50 square meters of space, equipped with amenities like a waiting hall, interview room, and internet. b. Registered RAs have a signboard showing their name, registration number, and year of registration. c. Registered recruiting agencies can charge a maximum of Rs. 20,000 in fees from migrants needing an Emigration Clearance. Charges exceeding this amount can be reported on the e-Migrate or MADAD portal. Responsibilities of RAs (Ministry of External Affairs, 2022) 1. The RA is required to issue a receipt for any payments made by you. 2. It is obliged to provide detailed employment information, including contract conditions, prior to recruitment. 3. The RA should ensure that the employer properly receives you upon arrival in Qatar. 4. It must guarantee that the employer does not modify the terms of the employment contract post-employment. 5. The RA is responsible for ensuring the employer adheres to the employment contract's terms and conditions. 6. It is required to ensure the employer timely renews any documents necessary for your stay in the employment country. 7. The RA should facilitate the peaceful resolution of any disputes between you and the employer. Complaints against RAs Complaints of overcharging or cheating can be lodged with: Protector General of Emigrants (PGE) Email: pge@mea.gov.in Address: 10th Floor, Akbar Bhavan, Chankyapuri, New Delhi - 110021 eMigrate website www.emigrate.gov.in/ MADAD Portal https://madad.gov.in/AppConsular/welcomeLink
  • Living in Qatar
    Here’s everything you need to know about living in Qatar as an Indian migrant.
  • Culture
    Public life in Qatar is characterised by Qatari Majlis (gatherings), including the recitation of poetry and historical narrative. In addition, Qatar’s pearl hunting tradition was accompanied by celebrations and music that are still popular today. Qataris folkloric dances like Al Ardah are performed during various celebrations and occasions. Calligraphy and architecture have historically been the most dominant forms of visual arts in Qatar. However, in recent decades, the fine art scene has expanded quickly, with the establishment of the Qatari Fine Arts Society. The Qatar Museums Authority plays an important role in promoting cultural activities and Qatar is home to an array of museums and galleries, including the Museum of Islamic Art and Mathaf Arab Museum of Modern Art. Qatar joined the UNESCO World Heritage Committee in 2011 and is home to the World Heritage site - Al Zubarah Archaeological site. In addition, the country participates in a wide scope of cultural activities, hosting and sponsoring both local and international events.
  • Qatari Food
    Traditional Qatari cuisine, rich in spices like cinnamon, cardamom, saffron, and ingredients such as nuts, limes, and dried apricots, reflects its deep-rooted trade history with Asia and the Middle East. Some popular Qatari dishes include: Ma chbūs: Regarded as Qatar's national dish, it is a one-pot meal of slow-cooked lamb or chicken with rice often accompanied by Daqoos, a local tomato garlic sauce. Balaleet: It is a sweet and sour vermicelli breakfast dish. Made with vermicelli and sugar, cardamom, saffron, and rose water, it is often topped with an omelette. Harees: Harees, a one-pot dish of rice, lentils, and meat with a porridge-like consistency, is a hearty meal often served as an entrée or side dish. It can be mildly or heavily spiced to taste, typically with cumin, ginger, and cinnamon. Traditionally cooked over firewood, Harees is now commonly made in casseroles, rice cookers, or slow cookers. Luqaimat: Luqaimat are bite-sized, fried sweet dough dumplings, crispy outside and fluffy inside, made from semolina, flour, salt, and water, and deep-fried to a golden brown. Qatayef: Qatayef are semolina pancakes, often crescent-shaped, filled with white cheese or nuts and fried or baked, then soaked in rose sugar syrup. Popular during Ramadan, they are a common choice for breaking the fast at Iftar. Regag: Regag, a paper-thin flatbread made from wheat flour, salt, and water, is crisply baked and commonly served with toppings like fresh cheese, honey, Nutella, or curry. Shakshuka: Shakshuka, a beloved breakfast dish, features soft-cooked eggs poached in a spiced tomato sauce. Seasonings vary, with cumin, paprika, nutmeg, and red pepper flakes often used, and some recipes include fennel, coriander, garlic, onions, and peppers. Umm Ali: Umm Ali is a classic bread pudding with filo pastry, sweetened milk, and flavors like rose and orange blossom water, topped with almonds, pistachios, and raisins.
  • Labour market mobility in Qatar
    Following the adoption of the new labour laws in August 2020, migrant workers now can change jobs without needing a No Objection Certificate (NOC) from their employers. This historic move is expected to increase labour mobility as Qatar transitions towards a knowledge-based economy. For employers, this means easy hiring of skilled staff locally, while for workers this means greater flexibility.
  • Healthcare System in Qatar
    Primary Health Care Corporation (PHCC): PHCC centres offer primary healthcare services to all Qatar residents, including migrant workers. They provide general healthcare services, vaccinations, and basic medical consultations. Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC): HMC is the main provider of secondary and tertiary healthcare in Qatar. HMC manages 12 hospitals – nine specialist hospitals and three community hospitals – as well as the National Ambulance Service and home and residential care services. Private Healthcare Sector: There are private hospitals and clinics available in Qatar that cater to both locals and expatriates, but they might be more expensive. Emergencies You can dial 999 for emergency medical services, which include the police, fire department and ambulance services. Emergency operators will usually be able to speak both English and Arabic, although it’s best to learn a few basic words and phrases in Arabic. Health Cards You can apply for a health card to access services at any of PHCC’s health centres and Hamad Medical Corporation’s healthcare facilities or hospitals. To obtain a health card, visit the nearest PHCC’s health centre to your residence. There you need to fill out the appropriate forms. You will be issued a PHCC health file number. Please take with you: a. A valid Qatar Identification Card (QID), b. 4cmx3cm photo, and c. Credit/debit card to pay the 2290 INR fees. The card is the same size as a driving license. It contains your ID number, nationality, photo, and date of issue. The card does not provide free access to public healthcare services; however, it allows you to receive a subsidy on consultations or non-emergency treatments. Holders of a health card can also buy prescribed medicines from a government-run pharmacy at subsidized rates. Pharmacies Pharmacies often stay open till late into the evening and some run 24-hours. They usually operate from 9.30am until 1pm, and then from 4.30pm to 8.30pm, Saturday through Thursday.
  • Local Laws & Restrictions
    Legal Procedures and Assistance a. Qatari laws and customs differ significantly from those in India. b. If detained or arrested, inform police or prison officials to contact the Indian Embassy in Doha. Drug & Medication Regulations a. Avoid using or carrying illegal drugs due to severe penalties, including long jail terms. b. Authorities may detain and deport individuals carrying medication for HIV and hepatitis. When bringing controlled/prescription medication, use original packaging and carry the prescription. c. Avoid carrying large quantities, as some medications may be considered illegal. Alcohol Regulations a. Drinking alcohol or being drunk in public is against the law in Qatar. b. Penalties include potential imprisonment or deportation. Legal Consequences of Sexual Activities a. Sex outside of marriage is illegal, and victims of sexual assault may face legal consequences such as seven years in jail or 100 lashes. b. In case of sexual assault, seek consular help from the Indian Embassy immediately. c. Public displays of affection can result in arrest. d. Homosexual behaviour is illegal in Qatar. Dress Code and Behaviour: a. Qatar has conservative dress codes, cover shoulders and knees in public places. b. Check specific dress codes for venues such as tourist attractions, malls, and government buildings. Obscene Acts a. Swearing and rude gestures are considered obscene acts, leading to possible jail or deportation. b. Exercise caution when interacting with police and officials. Photography and Filming Regulations a. Avoid filming or photographing people without permission. b. Filming sensitive areas, including religious, military, or security sites, may lead to arrest. Online Conduct 1. Refrain from commenting on Qatari culture, government policies, or services online. 2. Activities such as reviewing hotel or restaurant experiences on social media may be considered cybercrime. 3. Financial Crimes 4. Financial crimes like fraud, bounced cheques, and non-payment of bills can lead to imprisonment and/or fines. 5. Prohibited Items 6. Forbidden imports include narcotics, alcohol, pornography, pork products, and religious books. 7. DVDs and videos are subject to scrutiny, and electronic cigarettes are prohibited. Identification • Always carry your passport in Qatar. Ramadan Etiquette • During Ramadan, refrain from eating, drinking, or smoking in public to avoid causing offense. Voting Rights of Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) a. There is no provision of voting by post or voting at an Indian Mission abroad for Indian citizens living in abroad. There is no provision of online voting. b. You can register as an Overseas/NRI voter by submitting Form 6A available on the Election Commission of India website (https://eci.gov.in/voter/overseas-electors/). You should be a citizen of India, absent from the country owing to employment and have not acquired citizenship of any other country and are otherwise eligible to be registered as a voter in the address mentioned in your passport. c. An overseas elector is not issued an EPIC. d. You will be allowed to vote in person at the polling station on production of your original passport.
  • Q. What is Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PKVY)?
    Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PKVY) offers youth industry-relevant skill training through NSDC's Skill India International Centres across the country, focusing on sectors like domestic work, retail, tourism, healthcare, and more, complemented by Pre-Departure Orientation Training for cultural, language, and local knowledge of the destination country.
  • Q. How to open an NRE Account?
    When migrating to a foreign country it is very important to keep your money safe. Bank account offers one of the safest options to keep your money safe while also earning a small interest. It is recommended that Indians migrating abroad for work should open a Non-Resident External (NRE) account in India before leaving India. Both public & private banks provide the option of opening a NRE account. You can choose banks which have a branch in Qatar like State Bank of India (SBI) or Bank of Baroda (BOB). You can use the account to send money from Qatar to your family in India. The foreign currency will be converted into Rupees. The NRE account is not taxable in India.
  • Q. How to look after your mental health while working in a foreign country?
    Moving to a new country by yourself can be a challenging change for an individual which can cause significant stress. Here are some simple ways to keep your mental health in check. 1. Give yourself some time to adjust to the new country, people & work. 2. Keep in touch with your family and friends back at home. 3. You should acknowledge your emotions, rather than suppressing them. Keep checking in with yourself & mindfully address any thought that is causing you stress. 4. Have a problem-solving attitude rather than pondering over the problem for long periods. 5. Engage in recreational activities both physical and creative to relax and rejuvenate yourself. 6. You can see a mental health professional like a counsellor or psychologist to maintain or improve your mental health. There are certain stigmas associated with seeking professional help. You should know that it is okay to seek help when required to live a happy life.
  • Q. How to open a bank account in Qatar?
    You need to have a Qatari bank account to work in Qatar. You can open a bank account yourself or your employer can do it on your behalf. Based on the following factors, you can go for a National or an International bank account. 1. Minimum monthly balance requirement 2. International debit card charges 3. Cash withdrawal charges 4. Interest rates 5. Online banking, phone banking, mobile banking, and SMS alerts Some banks you can go for are: a. HSBC Bank b. Doha Bank c. Qatar National Bank
  • Q. What are some good practices to follow when working abroad?
    1. Record-Keeping: Maintain records of payments, leaves, reimbursements, savings, and expenses. 2. Banking: Ensure salaries are banked for security, interest gains, and easy family remittances. 3. Budgeting: Plan for savings, expenses, emergencies, insurance, and family transfers to manage finances effectively. 4. Investing: Consult your bank for safe investment options to grow your savings. 5. Debt Management: Avoid debt; only borrow when necessary and repay promptly. 6. Document Caution: Never sign blank documents; always read and understand content before signing.
  • Q. How to keep in touch with your family when living in a foreign country?
    As a migrant working in a different country, keeping in touch with your family can help fight the feelings of alienation and estrangement. 1. Get a Qatari SIM once you reach the country. The main network providers are Ooredoo and Vodafone. To acquire a post-paid contract, you will need a letter from you employer or sponsor, while buying a prepaid SIM card requires a residence permit. 2. Pre-paid mobile services in Qatar are significantly cheaper than post-paid contracts. 3. You can share the number of your employer with your family in India before you leave and carry the number of all your family with you to Qatar. 4. You can share your number for Qatar with your family once you have received it. You may provide the number of your co-workers, after receiving their permission, to your family to ensure that they can get in touch with you in situations of emergency. 5. You can connect with your family over social media such as WhatsApp or Facebook once you have gained access to the Internet.
  • Flag
    The Australian flag, also known as Commonwealth Blue Ensign, has three main elements: a. Union Jack: Positioned in the canton (upper left quadrant), it acknowledges Australia's British heritage. b. Southern Cross: A constellation prominent in the southern hemisphere, its five stars (including the smaller Epsilon Crucis) appear in the first and third quarters. c. Commonwealth Star: A seven-pointed star in the lower hoist signifies the six states and the combined territories.
  • Capital
    Canberra is the capital city of Australia, with Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide, Perth, Hobart and Darwin being some major cities.
  • Rights of Immigrants in Australia:
    Here are the rights of immigrants in Australia that you should be aware about. 1. Immigrants have the right to work in Australia, regardless of their nationality or immigration status. 2. Minimum employment standard: Employees in Australia (including immigrants) are entitled to basic minimum employment standards, including: Authorised leave, such as annual leave, sick leave, and personal/carer's leave Breaks during the workday, such as a meal break and a rest break Superannuation, which is a retirement savings scheme Notice of termination, which is the amount of notice that an employer must give an employee before terminating their employment Minimum wage, which is set by the Fair Work Act. 3. Immigrants have the right to own and rent property in Australia, including houses, apartments, and businesses. 4. They have the right to access government services, such as education, healthcare, and social security as an immigrant in Australia. 5. Immigrants have the right to a fair trial if you are accused of a crime. This right is guaranteed by the Australian Constitution. 6. Immigrants have the right to freedom of speech and assembly, just like all other Australians. 7. Immigrants have the right to be treated equally under Australian law. You cannot be discriminated against based on your nationality, immigration status, or other personal characteristics.
  • Social Connections
    Australians have a strong community spirit, with 93% reporting having someone to rely on in times of need, surpassing the OECD average of 91%. This is attributed to Australia's multicultural society, egalitarian values, and low crime rate.
  • Government Resources for Migrants
    1. e-Migrate: You can visit the e-Migrate website (https://emigrate.gov.in/) for the seeking assistance for issues related to living and working abroad. 2. Pravasi Bharatiya Sahayta Kendra (PBSK): PBSK is a facilitation centre that provides support services to persons desirous of going abroad for employment purposes. 3. Protector General of Emigrants (PGE): Protector General of Emigrants (PGE) in the Ministry of External Affairs is the authority responsible for protecting the interests of Indian workers proceeding abroad for employment purposes. 4. Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PKVY): Under PKVY, Indian workers can receive Pre-Departure Orientation Training familiarising migrant workers with the destination country’s culture, language, traditions and local rules and regulations. The workers receive a certificate officially stating that they have received PDOT for going abroad. 5. Pravasi Bharatiya Bima Yojana (PBBY): Before applying for Emigration clearance (EC), on eMigrate, it is important to take Pravasi Bharatiya Bima Yojana (PBBY).
  • Workforce Demand in Australia
    The 2022 Skills Priority List (SPL) report by the Australian National Skills Commission highlights occupation groups facing shortages: a. Health Professionals: There's been a 47% increase in demand, indicating a significant shortage in this sector in 2022. b. Technicians and Trades Workers: Notably low vacancy fill rates are seen in automotive and engineering trades, construction, and electrotechnology and telecommunications trades. c. Teachers: Shortages, especially in Early Childhood, Primary, and Secondary School teaching, are challenging the labour market. This is compounded by an aging teaching workforce, with many nearing retirement.
  • the Australian Visa System
    Australia, since 1994, has a universal visa system where all non-citizens must have a visa, either applied for or granted by law. Visas on arrival are not available, except for New Zealand citizens. Under the Migration Regulations 1994, specific groups are recognized as having valid visas without undergoing the standard process: a. Passport holders from 36 eVisitor countries (EU member states, four EFTA (European Free Trade Association) member states, the UK, and four European microstates) and 34 ETA-eligible countries. b. New Zealand citizens under the Special Category Visa through the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement. c. Certain foreign military and government-related visitors eligible for the special purpose visa.
  • The first move to australia
    It's essential to have a valid passport for any international travel. Since the passport application process can take several months, it's advisable to apply for one as soon as you begin looking for overseas work opportunities. Visit the Passport Seva website (https://www.passportindia.gov.in/AppOnlineProject/welcomeLink#) to apply for a fresh passport or renew your old one.
  • Food Habits
    In line with common Western practices, Australians typically consume three meals a day. With over 65% of the population being non-vegetarian, meat and seafood are some common food preferences. However, with rising globalization, a significant group of Australians have adopted vegetarianism and veganism, giving migrants plenty of non-meat options to choose from.
  • Duration of the flight
    A flight from India to Australia takes around 10-12 hours on average.
  • Managing Emergency Situation in Australia
    Here are some things you can do if you are in distress when in Australia: A. Contact the Indian High Commission in Australia The Indian High Commission in Australia is responsible for protecting the interests of Indian citizens in Australia. They can provide assistance in a variety of situations, including: 1. If you have been a victim of crime 2. If you are in financial difficulty 3. If you have lost your passport or other important documents 4. If you need help finding accommodation or transportation 5. If you need medical assistance 6. If you need help getting in touch with your family back home B. Contact the Indian Community Welfare Fund (ICWF) The Indian Community Welfare Fund (ICWF) is a fund that provides financial assistance to Indian citizens in need while they are overseas. The ICWF can help with expenses such as medical care, transportation, and repatriation. ICWF aims to provide the following services to the emigrant workers: 1. Boarding and lodging for distressed Overseas Indian workers in household/ domestic sectors and unskilled labourers. 2. Extending emergency medical care to Overseas Indians in need. 3. Helping distressed NRI women. 4. Providing air passage to stranded Overseas Indians in need. 5. Providing initial legal assistance to Overseas Indians in deserving cases. 6. Paying small fines/ penalties in deserving cases. 7. Extended help on accidental and for airlifting of mortal remains to India or local cremation/burial of the deceased Overseas Indians where the sponsor is unable or unwilling to do so as per the contract and the family is not able to meet the cost. Documents required for transportation of mortal remains Power of attorney and consent from the legal heir Clinical death certificate Embalming certificate Passport for cancellation NOC from the Indian Mission/Post To apply for assistance from the ICWF, you will need to contact the Indian High Commission or one of the consulates in Australia. C. MADAD Portal As a Indian Migrant, you can login to the MADAD portal to register your grievances and seek redressal. It seeks to address grievances on issues related to workers abuse, sexual abuse, recruiting agents, sponsorship and contract issues, repatriation of Indian nationals, tracing whereabouts of Indian nationals, death/injury compensation, transportation of mortal remains of deceased Indian nationals, marital dispute issues and other issues. You or your family member can directly register your grievances on the portal (madad@gov.in). D. Contact the Australian government The Australian government also provides a number of services to people in distress, including: 1. The National Debt Helpline (1800-007-007) can provide advice and support to people who are in financial difficulty. Link: https://ndh.org.au/about-national-debt-helpline/contact-us/ 2. The National Relay Service can provide a telephone service for people who are deaf or have hearing or speech impairments. Link: https://www.accesshub.gov.au/about-the-nrs 3. The Lifeline Australia crisis support phone line (131114) can provide support to people who are experiencing emotional distress. Link: https://www.lifeline.org.au/131114/ 4. The Australian Red Cross can provide assistance to people who have been affected by a disaster or emergency. Link: https://www.redcross.org.au/ Remember, you are not alone. There are people who can help you if you are in distress.
  • The Indian Diaspora
    The Indian diaspora in Australia is one of the country's fastest-growing migrant groups. According to Australian Bureau of Statistics (2021 Census)xxxviii, 783,958 people in Australia declared Indian ancestry, representing 3.1% of the Australian population. Indian Australians come from a diverse range of backgrounds and regions, with the largest groups coming from Punjab, Gujarat, and Kerala. Some of the Indian organisations / associations in Australia are: a. Federation of Indian Music and Dance Victoria: It is a coalition of Indian music and dance schools led by eminent artistes and teachers of Indian fine arts in Victoria. b. India – Australia Association of Canberra (IAAC): It’s a voluntary, incorporated organisation based in Canberra. It has been providing community services in Canberra and its surrounding regions from 1973 onwards. Serving to remove barriers and facilitate relationships between the Indian and Australian cultural communities. c. Gujarati Association of Victoria (GAV): (Gujarati Samaj) Gujarati Association of Victoria (GAV) (Gujarati Samaj) is a non-profit cultural organisation setup (Est. 1982) in the State of Victoria, Australia, to promote the cultural heritage of Gujarat – a state from India. d. Federation of Indian Associations of Victoria (FIAV): It was formed in 1989 by a group of resident Indian migrants of long-standing and repute that was keen to bring all the various regional, cultural and lingual Indian groups together under the one umbrella organization.
  • National Currency
    Australian dollar (AUD) is the official currency of Australia.
  • Finding Work Opportunities in australia
    Australia, identified by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) as one of the top destination for Indian workers, offers approximately 54,000 job opportunities. If you're in India and considering employment in Australia, consider these avenues: a. National Skill Development Corporation International job portal Since its inception in 2021, National Skill Development Corporation International (NSDCI) has played a vital role in enabling International Workforce Mobility through strategic engagements with foreign governments, dedicated training programs, and inclusive digital and on-ground initiatives. Indian workers seeking employment in Australia can explore job opportunities through National Skill Development Corporation International’s job portal: https://www.nsdcinternational.com/looking-for-jobs. You can create an account on the portal to register for the talent pool for international job opportunities in future. b. Indian Recruiting Agents (RAs) Indian Recruitment Agencies (IRAs) act as intermediaries connecting potential workers with Australian employers. They assist with job placement, travel, employment documentation, and understanding employment contracts. Ensure you engage with licensed agencies to avoid scams. For more information, visit the Ministry of External Affairs' website at MEA Recruitment Agencies. Complaints of overcharging or cheating can be lodged with: For FAQs in relation to complaint against RA you should check the Ministry of External Affair’s website: https://mea.gov.in/complaints-against-recruiting-agents.htm
  • Housing
    About 68% of Australian households own their homes, but high prices, especially in cities, make buying challenging. The rental market is tight with high demand and low supply, resulting in high rents and difficulty finding accommodations, especially in urban areas. Migrants to Australia should be prepared for flexibility in housing choices.
  • Types of Australian Visa
    Australia offers a variety of visas for different purposes: 1. Visitor Visa: For tourists or those visiting family in Australia. 2. Study and Training Visa: Not limited to full-time students, this includes short courses, degrees, language learning, and vocational training. Some study visas can be extended for work or travel, allowing a longer stay. 3. Family and Partner Visa: Designed to reunite immediate and extended family members with their Australian relatives or spouses. 4. Working and Skilled Visa: For skilled individuals or families aiming to migrate permanently to fill skill shortages in Australia. This includes points-tested visas under the General Skilled Migration program, which can be independent, state/territory-sponsored, or family-sponsored. 5. Refugee and Humanitarian Visa: A long-term residence permit for refugees under the Special Humanitarian Programme (SHP). It allows living, working, and studying indefinitely in Australia. The SHP includes Offshore Resettlement and Onshore Protection visa categories. Important Visas Study Visa (Subclass 500) Allows students to live, study, and work in Australia for up to five years. Students can usually work 40 hours per fortnight during term time and unlimited hours during breaks. Currently, there's a temporary allowance for students to work beyond this limit and start working upon arrival in Australia. Working and Skilled Visa For skilled individuals or families seeking permanent migration to address skill shortages in Australia. These visas, part of the General Skilled Migration program, are points tested and may be independent, state/territory sponsored, or family-sponsored. Some important visa subclasses in this category include: a. Employer Nomination Scheme (Subclass 186): For skilled workers nominated by an employer to live and work permanently in Australia. b. Global Talent Visa (Subclass 858): A streamlined pathway for highly skilled professionals in ten future-focused sectors to live and work permanently in Australia. c. Skilled Independent Visa (Subclass 189): For invited workers with needed skills to live and work permanently in Australia. This is a points-based visa. d. Skilled Nominated Visa (Subclass 190): For nominated skilled workers to live and work as permanent residents in Australia. Applicants can also sponsor eligible relatives. e. Skilled-Recognised Graduate Visa (Subclass 476): For recent engineering graduates to live, work, or study in Australia for up to 18 months. Applicants must be under 31 and have completed a relevant degree within the past two years.
  • Responsibilities of Immigrants in Australia
    1. Immigrants are expected to comply with Australian immigration laws, as outlined by the Australian Department of Home Affairs. 2. Immigrants have a responsibility to pay taxes in Australia, just like all other Australian residents. 3. All residents, including immigrants, are expected to adhere to the law, ensuring the safety and security of themselves and others. 4. Immigrants are encouraged to embrace and respect Australian values, which include freedom, democracy, equality, and the rule of law. 5. Immigrants should make efforts to understand and appreciate Australia's multicultural landscape including respecting their cultural diversity, and being open to learning about the traditions, customs, and beliefs of others. 6. Immigrants are encouraged to actively participate in their local communities and contribute positively to Australian society. 7. Immigrants should be environmentally conscious, reducing waste, conserving resources, and supporting sustainable practices.
  • Average Wages
    In May 2023, full-time adult average weekly ordinary time earnings and full-time average weekly total earnings both increased by 3.8% compared to the previous year. Full-time workers consistently earned more than their part-time counterparts. Males experienced a 3.5% increase in their full-time adult average weekly ordinary time earnings, while females saw a slightly higher increase of 4.6%. Additionally, the 3.2% increase in average weekly total earnings for all employees underscores the overall positive economic climate, with wages rising for most workers. The data on average wages in Australia for May 2023 paints a picture of a growing economy with rising wages. The overall positive yearly changes in earnings indicate economic stability and opportunity for workers.
  • Healthcare system
    Australia boasts a world-class healthcare system, providing access to high-quality drinking water and clean air. The public healthcare system, Medicare, ensures universal access to essential services (https://immi.homeaffairs.gov.au/settling-in-australia/settle-in-australia/key-settlement-topics/health-and-wellbeing). Private health insurance is available for additional services like private hospital and dental care.
  • Things to keep in mind while travelling to australia
    Here are key things to remember for a smooth journey to Australia: a. Obtain Your Documents  1. Ensure your passport and visa are ready well in advance. 2. Make two copies of your ID documents; leave one with your family in India. 3. Get your power of attorney and original employment contract from the Indian Recruitment Agency (IRA). 4. Collect necessary travel documents including airline tickets, work permit, and residence permit from IRA. 5. Complete a medical examination and obtain a medical certificate. b. things to pack for your journey 1. Pack clothing and shoes suitable for Australia's upcoming weather. 2. Bring a sufficient supply of allowed general and prescription medicines, personal hygiene items, and snacks for initial days. 3. Organize important documents in a folder and keep it within easy reach. 4. Check your airline's baggage allowance and ensure your luggage is within the limit.
  • Australian point-based visa system
    In Australia, skilled migration visas are allocated using a points-based system. Applicants must first express interest via an online Expression of Interest (EOI) on the SkillSelect portal. If selected, they are invited to apply formally for a visa. The application requires meeting a minimum points threshold, assessing skills and likelihood of success in Australia. Points are awarded for the following factors. The below table shows points based on various parameters: In general, applicants need to score at least 65 points to be invited to apply. You can also use the Australian government's points calculator (https://immi.homeaffairs.gov.au/help-support/tools/points-calculator) to get an estimate of how many points you would score under the Australian points test. This can help you to identify areas where you can improve your score.
  • Environmental Quality
    Australia enjoys a quality environment with low pollution levels but faces challenges like climate change and bushfires. The country is experiencing more extreme weather, rising sea levels, and changes in ecosystems. Bushfires, common due to the hot, dry climate, cause significant damage to property, infrastructure, and wildlife.
  • Language
    English is the national language of Australia. However, around 300 different languages, including many Indigenous languages are spoken in the country. Some of the most popular ones include Mandarin, Arabic, Cantonese, Vietnamese and Italian.
  • National Day
    Australia Day, is the official National Day of Australia, celebrated on 26th January every year. It marks the first permanent European settlement on the continent.
  • Economy
    Australia's domestic economic policies are designed to foster a competitive, adaptable, and robust economy. Internationally, the country strives to enhance prosperity both at home and globally. Key focuses of Australia's economic diplomacy include promoting investment, tackling trade barriers not related to tariffs, assisting businesses, championing a rules-based global system, and strengthening connections in science, technology, and innovation. These efforts are a primary concern for its diplomatic network. Trade and investment at a glance (as per latest published data on Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, DFAT website) a. GDP in 2019-20 was valued at $2 trillion b. Since 1992, the Australian economy has grown faster than any other major developed country c. Record trade in 2019-20 $873 billion (1 in 5 jobs rely on trade) d. Record exports in 2019-20 $475 billion (1 in 7 jobs rely on exports) e. $77 billion trade surplus in 2019-20, an Australian record
  • Australia: an overview
    Australia, surrounded by the Indian and Pacific Oceans, is a vast country known for its opportunities, natural beauty, and high living standards. It's a hub for global work opportunities. Home to 10% of the world's biodiversity, Australia boasts unique wildlife and indigenous plants. The country's landscape ranges from tropical rainforests in the north to red deserts in the center and snowfields in the southeast. Many of these places are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Culturally diverse, Australia excels in food, arts, and a creative economy that reflects its rich heritage. The country is also known for its achievements in research, design, innovation, and science, alongside a love for sports and outdoor activities.
  • Work-Life Balance
    Australia offers a good work-life balance with paid leave and flexible work arrangements like part-time work and telecommuting. However, some sectors, like finance and healthcare, often have long working hours, and there's pressure to work extra hours for career advancement.
  • Transportation
    Transportation in Australia is a diverse system that includes various modes of travel, primarily geared towards urban centers but also extending to regional and remote areas. In urban areas, trains, buses, trams, and ferries are the most commonly available public modes of transport. Taxis are the most preferred method of private rides. For long distance travel, you can opt for trains, buses, and domestic airlines. You can also drive in Australia, if you own a valid overseas driver’s license. Please note that Australians drive on the left side of the road.
  • Managing money in Australia
    supporting sustainable practices. Navigating your financial journey in Australia can be smooth with the right steps. Here's a structured guide to help you manage your finances effectively: 1. Setting Up a Non-Resident External (NRE) Account Before moving abroad, safeguarding your finances is crucial. Opening a Non-Resident External (NRE) account with either public or private banks in India is advisable. Opt for banks with branches in Australia, such as State Bank of India (SBI), Bank of Baroda (BOB), or Union Bank of India (UBI). This account allows you to transfer money from Australia to India, converting foreign currency into Rupees, while enjoying tax-free status in India. 2. Mastering Online Banking Familiarize yourself with your bank's online services. Learn to navigate account access, balance checks, fund transfers, and online bill payments. Implement robust security measures like strong passwords and two-factor authentication to protect against online fraud. Embrace digital payments and mobile wallets for convenient, cashless transactions. 3. Effective Money Management a. Setting Financial Goals: Discuss and set clear financial objectives with your family, such as purchasing assets (like a goat for milk production) or long-term plans (like house construction). b. Budgeting and Saving: Allocate a portion of your income to savings immediately upon receiving your salary. Seek advice from your bank on low-risk, high-return saving options. Create a monthly budget, distinguishing between wants and needs, to ensure spending within your means. c. Tracking Expenditures: Continuously monitor your spending to adhere to your budget and identify potential areas for cost reduction. d. Emergency Fund and Insurance: Regularly contribute to an emergency fund for unforeseen situations like theft or illness. Additionally, securing insurance is essential to mitigate financial risks. 4. Remittance Options from Australia to India Choosing the right remittance channel depends on factors like speed, cost, and convenience. Here are some options: a. Online Money Transfer Services: Services like Wise, Revoult, and Remitly offer competitive rates and lower fees. Registration is online, and transfers can be made via bank accounts or cards. b. Bank Transfers: Direct bank transfers are secure but may involve higher fees and less favorable exchange rates. c. Money Transfer Operators: Western Union and MoneyGram provide fast cash pickup options but might have higher fees. d. Mobile Wallets: Platforms like Paytm or Google Pay allow direct transfers to Indian mobile wallets. e. Foreign Exchange Brokers: Suitable for large amounts, offering competitive rates. f. Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Transfers: Can be favorable but less reliable. When selecting a remittance method, consider the transaction amount, recipient's preference, urgency, and overall costs. Prioritize choosing a reputable service for secure transactions.
  • The NSDC International Advantage  
    1. Credibility and Global Recognition: NSDC International is a credible source, recognised globally for its high standards. The NSDC name is synonymous with quality education, making it a trusted choice for millions. 2. Government Association: NSDC International benefits from strong governmental support. This association enhances its credibility and ensures high standards of education. 
 3. Nominal Pricing & Skill Loan Provision: Our courses are offered at nominal prices, making high-quality language education accessible to everyone. This pricing is significantly lower than what's available on the market, providing exceptional value for the investment. We further empower learners by offering skill loans to help them overcome financial hurdles. 4. Comprehensive Curriculum and Industry Partnerships: NSDC International offers a comprehensive curriculum designed in collaboration with industry partners. By tying up with industry leaders, we ensure that our courses are relevant, up-to-date and tailored to meet the specific needs of the global workforce. 5. Trusted by Many: With many satisfied learners, NSDC International has built a reputation for excellence and reliability. Our proven track record speaks to the effectiveness and quality of our programmes.
  • Benefits of Learning a New Language  
    Global opportunities come to those who can build global connections by surpassing communication barriers. Learning a new language will help you in the following ways: Expand your reach to new countries Make you stand out among 1000s of candidates Explore a new culture Fit in better in a foreign country Connect with influential people from different cultures Move a step ahead in your career advancement journey
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